Plant Check List for Golden, Jefferson County, United States.

Edited by Tom Schweich

This list is assembled from personal collections, herbarium vouchers, and published lists. For California, much of the data is provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/). For Colorado, much of the data is provided by the Southwest Environmental Information Network, which web site is found at (http://swbiodiversity.org). See their respective websites for copyright information and recommended citation formats.

For a complete list of Locations included in this Area List, see the Locations Included section, below.

This page is highly summarized. For detail about the distribution of plants, please see: Detailed Area List for Golden, Jefferson County, United States.

1. Azollaceae

Azollaceae.

Sometimes placed in Salviniaceae.


2. [ ] Azolla mexicana C. Presl. Mexican Mosquito Fern. Au

3. Dryopteridaceae
4. [ ] Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. Brittle Bladderfern. LkM NTMP STM
5. [ ] Woodsia oregana D.C. Eaton ssp. cathcartiana (B.L. Rob.) Windham. Rocky Mountain Woodsia. NTM NTMP STM

6. Equisetaceae
7. [ ] Equisetum hyemale L. Tall Scouring Rush. NTM
8. [ ] Equisetum laevigatum A. Braun. Smooth Horsetail. SvyFld

9. Pteridaceae
10. [ ] Argyrochosma fendleri (Kunze) Windham. Fendler's False Cloak Fern. STM
11. [ ] Cheilanthes feei T. Moore. Slender Lipfern. STM

12. Selaginellaceae
13. [ ] Selaginella densa Rydb. Rock Spikemoss. NTM
14. [ ] Selaginella mutica D.C. Eaton ex Underw. Bluntleaf Spikemoss. ClrCkCyn
15. [ ] Selaginella underwoodii Hieron. Underwood's Spikemoss. NTM STM
16. [ ] Selaginella weatherbiana R. Tryon. Weatherby's Spike Moss. ClrCkCyn

17. Cupressaceae
18. [ ] Juniperus communis L. var. depressa. Common Juniper. Au SvyFld TinC
19. [ ] Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. (Syn: Sabina scopulorum Sarg.(Sarg.) Rydb. ) Rocky Mountain Juniper. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq MMtn NTM STM Windy
20. [ ] Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern Redcedar. KRun NWash

21. Pinaceae
22. [ ] Pinus ponderosa Laws. Ponderosa Pine. ApexPkR DkR MMtn NTM NTMP TinC Windy

Pseudotsuga. Douglas-Fir.

Bracts spreading, often reflexed; seed cones 4-7 cm; leaves bluish green to dark green or gray-green; Rocky Mountain region.

P. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco


23. [ ] Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco. Douglas Fir. Windy
24. [ ] Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco. (Syn: Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Mayr) Franco ) Douglas Fir. LkM NTM NTMP

25. Adoxaceae

Sambucus. Elderberry.

Not published in FNANM. Formerly placed in in Caprifoliaceae (incl. W&W) and sometimes in its own family, Sambucaceae (Snow, 2009). Placed in Adoxaceae by the Plant List (2014) and TJM2 (2012).


26. [ ] Sambucus canadensis L. American Black Elderberry. Au ClrCk

27. Amaranthaceae
28. [ ] Amaranthus albus L. Prostrate Pigweed. STM
29. [ ] Amaranthus arenicola I. M. Johnst. Sandhill Pigweed. NTMP
30. [ ] Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson. (Syn: A. graecizans L. ) Mat Amaranth. HSq STM
31. [ ] Amaranthus powellii S. Watson. Powell's Pigweed. HSq STM
32. [ ] Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. Slender Snakecotton. Au

33. Anacardiaceae
34. [ ] Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Syn: Rhus aromatica Aiton ) Squawbush. ApexPkR Dead DkR NTMP TinC
35. [ ] Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. trilobata. (Syn: Rhus aromatica Aiton var. trilobata (Nutt.) A. Gray ex S. Watson ) Skunkbush Sumac. KRun MMtn NTM NWash STM
36. [ ] Toxicodendron rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Greene. Western Poison Ivy. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn DkR NTM NTMP SvyFld

37. Apiaceae
38. [ ] Aegopodium podagraria L. Bishops Goutweed. Hdell
39. [ ] Aletes acaulis (Torr.) J.M. Coult. & Rose. Stemless Indian Parsley. Au ClrCkCyn NTM NTMP STM WelchD
40. [ ] Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville. Cut-Leaf Water Parsnip. Au
41. [ ] Conium maculatum L. Common Poison Hemlock. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au ClrCk HSq NTM STM SvyFld
42. [ ] Harbouria trachypleura (A. Gray) J.M. Coult. & Rose. (Syn: Thaspium trachypleurum A. Gray ) Whiskbroom Parsley. ApexPkR Au KRun NTM SvyFld TinC VidGl
43. [ ] Ligusticum porteri J.M. Coult. & Rose. Porter's Licorice-Root. Au
44. [ ] Lomatium orientale J.M. Coult. & Rose. Northern Idaho Biscuitroot. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn DkR HSq LkM MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy
45. [ ] Musineon divaricatum (Pursh) Raf. Leafy Wildparsley. Dead STM

46. Apocynaceae
47. [ ] Apocynum ×floribundum Greene. Dogbane. NTMP
48. [ ] Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian Hemp. Au NTM STM

49. Araliaceae
50. [ ] Aralia nudicaulis L. Wild Sarsaparilla. LkM VidGl

51. Asclepiadaceae
52. [ ] Asclepias incarnata L. Swamp Milkweed. ClrCk
53. [ ] Asclepias pumila (A. Gray) Vail. Plains Milkweed. NTM NTMP STM
54. [ ] Asclepias speciosa Torr. Showy Milkweed. Au NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC
55. [ ] Asclepias viridiflora Raf. Green Comet Milkweed. ApexPkR NTM NTMP STM

56. Asteraceae
57. [ ] Achillea millefolium L. (Syn: A. lanulosa Nutt. , A. m. L. var. alpicola (Rydb.) Garrett , A. m. L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper , A. m. L. var. occidentalis DC. ) Common Yarrow. HSq LkM NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
58. [ ] Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. Russian Knapweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. NTMP
59. [ ] Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. Pale Agoseris. NTM
60. [ ] Agoseris parviflora (Nutt.) D. Dietr. (Syn: A. glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. laciniata (D. C. Eaton) Smiley ) Steppe Agoseris. ApexPkR Au LkM MGal STM SvyFld

Ambrosia. Ragweed, Bur-Sage, Burrobrush

… pistillate flowers … palea bases fused, becoming a hard bur with each pistillate flower in a separate chamber, tips (occasionally not evident in flower heads) becoming hard knobs, spines, or scarious wings … (Baldwin, et al., 2012)


61. [ ] Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Syn: A. artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourt. ) Annual Ragweed. NTM STM
62. [ ] Ambrosia psilostachya DC. Western Ragweed. HSq KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
63. [ ] Ambrosia tomentosa Nutt. Ragweed. NTM
64. [ ] Ambrosia trifida L. (Syn: A. trifida L. var. trifida ) Giant Ragweed. HSq NTM STM
65. [ ] Anaphalis margaritcea (L.) Bentham & Hooker. Western Pearly Everlasting. NTMP
66. [ ] Antennaria parvifolia Nutt. Small-Leaf Pussytoes. ApexPkR LkM NTM STM SvyFld
67. [ ] Antennaria rosea Greene. Rosy Pussytoes. LkM NTM
68. [ ] Arctium minus Bernh. Lesser Burdock. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. ApexPkR HSq
69. [ ] Arnica cordifolia Hook. Heart-Leaf Leopardbane. LkM
70. [ ] Arnica fulgens Pursh. Shining Leopardbane. Au NTM TinC

Artemisia L. — Wormwood, Mugwort, Sagebrush

Note: For some taxa, e.g., A. campestris, it is important to note presence or absence of a basal rosette when collecting.


71. [ ] Artemisia campestris L. Field Sagewort. ApexGl NTM
72. [ ] Artemisia dracunculus L. (Syn: Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. glaucis (Pall. ex Willd.) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Tarragon, Dragon Wort. NTM NWash STM
73. [ ] Artemisia filifolia Torr. (Syn: Oligosporus filifolius (Torrey) Poljakov ) NTM
74. [ ] Artemisia frigida Willd. Prairie Sagewort. ApexGl Au DkR HSq MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM
75. [ ] Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Silver Wormwood. ApexGl AuRes DkR HSq MMtn NTM NWash STM
76. [ ] Bahia dissecta (A. Gray) Britton. (Syn: Amauriopsis dissecta (A. Gray) Rydberg ) Raglead Bahia. Au
77. [ ] Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt. Arrow-Leaf Balsamroot. TinC
78. [ ] Brickellia californica (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray. California Brickelbush. NTM NTMP STM
79. [ ] Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners. False Boneset. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM
80. [ ] Brickellia grandiflora (Hook.) Nutt. Tasselflower Brickellbush. HSq
81. [ ] Carduus nutans L. (Syn: Carduus nutans L. ssp. macrolepis (Peterman) Kazmi ) Nodding Plumeless Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. KRun NTM NWash STM TinC
82. [ ] Carthamus lanatus L. Wooly Distaff Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: Watch. STM
83. [ ] Centaurea diffusa Lam. (Syn: Acosta diffusa (Lam.) Soja' k ) White Knapweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR MMtn NTMP NWash STM
84. [ ] Centaurea stoebe L. (Syn: Acosta maculosa (L.) Holub , Centaurea maculosa Lam. , Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. australis (Pancic ex A.Kern.) Greuter , Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek ) Weed: CO DofA, List: B. MtV
85. [ ] Cichorium intybus L. Chicory. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. NTM
86. [ ] Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Syn: Breea arvensis (L.) Lessing ) Canada Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. NWash STM SvyFld
87. [ ] Cirsium ochrocentrum A. Gray. Yellowspine Thistle. Au
88. [ ] Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. Wavy Leaved Thistle. Au DkR HSq NTM NWash STM
89. [ ] Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist. (Syn: Erigeron canadensis (L.) Cronquist ) Canadian Horseweed. Au HSq STM
90. [ ] Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. Golden Tickseed. STM
91. [ ] Crepis occidentalis Nutt. (Syn: Psilochenia occidentalis (Nutt.) Nutt. ) Largeflower Hawksbeard. Au NTM STM SvyFld
92. [ ] Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (Nutt.) Fresen. (Syn: Iva xanthiifolia Nutt. ) Carelessweed. Au HSq STM
93. [ ] Dieteria bigelovii (A. Gray) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman. (Syn: Machaeranthera b. (A. Gray) Greene ) Bigelow's Tansy Aster. ApexGl STM TinC
94. [ ] Dieteria canescens (Pursh) A. Gray. (Syn: Machaeranthera c. (Pursh) A. Gray ) Hoary Tansyaster. Au
95. [ ] Dyssodia papposa (Vent.) Hitchc. Fetid Marigold. NTMP STM
96. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G. I. Nesom & G. I. Baird. (Syn: Chrysocoma nauseosa Pall. Ex Pursh , Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.ex Pursh) Britton ) Rubber Rabbitbush. Au ClrCkCyn NTM
97. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. graveolens (Nutt.) Reveal & Schuyler. (Syn: Chrysocoma dracunculoides Pursh [misapplied] , Chrysocoma graveolens Nutt. , Chrysothamnus graveolens (Nutt.) Greene , Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.) Britton ssp. graveolens (Nutt.) Piper , E. n. (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. glabrata (Gray) G.L. Nesom & Baird ) ApexPkR Au HSq KRun MMtn NWash STM
98. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G. I. Nesom & G. I. Baird var. nauseosa. (Syn: Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.ex Pursh) Britton ssp. nauseosus ) Rubber Rabbitbush. Au STM

Erigeron L. — Fleabane; Daisy

1a. Leaves 1-4 times ternately or palmately dissected into linear segments; plants with a stout, branching caudex … E. compositus

1b. Leaves entire or coarsely toothed, sometimes with a few leaves 3-lobed to pinnatifid, mostly basal or not … 2

2a. Pappus of the ray and disk flowers unlike, that of the disk flowers of long bristles and short outer setae, that of the ray flowers only of short setae and lacking long bristles; heads small (the involucre 2-5 mm. high and 5-12 mm. wide), several to numerous in an open wide-branching corymbiform cluster; rays white … E. strigosus var. strigosus

2b. Pappus of the ray and disk flowers alike; heads and rays various, usually not in an open, wide-branching corymbiform cluster … 3

3a. Stems with appressed or ascending hairs (at above the middle), not glandular; at least some branches from the lower half of the main stems developing into long, trailing leafy stoloniferous branches … E. flagellaris

3b. Stems with spreading or tangled (pointing in all directions) hairs or mostly glandular; branches developing into stoloniferous branches or not … 4

4a. Leaves more or less densely glandular, or occasionally obscurely so and the leaves stiffly ciliate, mostly or all basal with a few linear linear, reduced stem leaves present; stems glandular and also hirsute with spreading hairs (or at least above); rays usually purple or blue … E. vetensis

4b. Leaves variously hairy to glabrate, if glandular then only the upper stem leaves glandular; stems variously hairy to glabrate, or sometimes glandular or viscid under the heads; rays various … 5

5a. Leaves and stems densely pubescent with spreading, hirsute hairs mostly 1 mm. long, especially on the petioles, leaves mostly less than 3 mm. wide; heads more or less hemispheric; rays only white; outer pappus of inconspicuous bristles … E. pumilis

5b. Leaves and stems unlike the above in all respects; heads and rays various … 6

6a. Branches from the lower half of the main stems often developing into long, trailing leafy stoloniferous branches; basal leaves usually present at flowering time … E. tracyi

6b. Stems usually erect and without leafy stoloniferous branches, often branched above the middle; basal leaves usually withered and not present at flowering time … E. divergens

Key abstracted mostly from Ackerfield (2015).
99. [ ] Erigeron compositus Pursh. (Syn: Erigeron compositus Pursh var. discoideus A. Gray , Erigeron compositus Pursh var. glabratus Macoun ) Cutleaf Daisy. LkM
100. [ ] Erigeron divergens Torr. & A. Gray. Spreading Fleabane. ApexPkR DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM VidGl
101. [ ] Erigeron flagellaris A. Gray. Trailing Fleabane. KRun MtV NTMP SvyFld
102. [ ] Erigeron pumilus Nutt. Shaggy Fleabane. Eage STM
103. [ ] Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd. (Syn: Stenactis strigosa (Muhl. ex Willd.) DC. ) Prairie Fleabane. Au
104. [ ] Erigeron tracyi Greene. (Syn: Erigeron cinereus A. Gray , Erigeron colomexicanus A. Nelson , Erigeron divergens Torrey & A. Gray var. cinereus A. Gray ) Running Fleabane. ApexPkR Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
105. [ ] Erigeron vetensis Rydb. Early Bluetop Fleabane. Au LkM
106. [ ] Gaillardia aristata Pursh. Blanketflower. Au Dead LkM NTM NWash STM SvyFld
107. [ ] Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Gallant Soldier. Au
108. [ ] Gnaphalium uliginosum L. Marsh Cudweed. STM

Grindelia Willd. — Gumweed

Note: It is important to note presence or absence of a basal rosette when collecting.


109. [ ] Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal. Curlycup Gumweed. NTM NTMP STM
110. [ ] Grindelia subalpina Greene. Subalpine Gumweed. STM
111. [ ] Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby. Broom Snakeweed. Au DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
112. [ ] Helianthus annuus L. Common Sunflower. HSq LkM NTM STM
113. [ ] Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray. Nuttall's Sunflower. Au
114. [ ] Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O. Spring & E. Schilling. (Syn: Helianthus rigidus (Cass.) Desf. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Heiser , Helianthus subrhomboideus Rydb. ) Stiff Sunflower. LkM NTMP
115. [ ] Helianthus pumilus Nutt. Little Sunflower. Au Dead DkR HSq MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
116. [ ] Heliomeris multiflora Nutt. (Syn: Viguiera multiflora (Nutt.) S. F. Blake ) Showy Golden Eye. ApexGl Au LkM
117. [ ] Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners. (Syn: Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. foliosa (Nutt.) V.L. Harms ) Hairy False Goldenaster. STM
118. [ ] Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners. (Syn: H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. nana (A. Gray) Semple , H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa ) Hairy False Goldenaster. All infra-specific taxa treated here as synonyms. Au AuRes ClrCkCyn DkR HSq KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC Tuck
119. [ ] Hymenopappus filifolius Hook. var. polycephalus (Osterh.) B.L. Turner. Many-Headed Fine-Leaved Wooly-White. Dead DkR HSq KRun NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
120. [ ] Lactuca serriola L. Prickly Lettuce. HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM
121. [ ] Liatris ligulistylis (A. Nelson) K. Schum. Northern Plains Gayfeather. LkMPk
122. [ ] Liatris punctata Hook. Dotted Blazing Star. Au AuRes HSq LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM
123. [ ] Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hooker. Rush Skeletonplant. NTM STM
124. [ ] Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) G. Don in R. Sweet. (Syn: Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A.Mey. , Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A.Mey. var. pulchella (Pursh) Breitung ) Blue Lettuce. Au
125. [ ] Nothocalais cuspidata (Pursh) Greene. Prairie False Dandelion. ApexPkR NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
126. [ ] Onopordum acanthium L. Scotch Cottonthistle. DkR
127. [ ] Packera fendleri (A. Gray) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio fendleri A. Gray ) Fendler"s Ragwort. Au NTM NTMP STM
128. [ ] Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio plattensis (Packera) Nutt. ) Prairie Groundsel. Dead NTM NWash SvyFld
129. [ ] Packera tridenticulata (Rydb.) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio tridenticulatus Rydb. ) Three-Tooth Ragwort. Au NWash
130. [ ] Picradeniopsis oppositifolia (Nutt.) Rydb. ex Britton. (Syn: Bahia oppositifolia (Nutt.) A. Gray ) Opposite Leaf Bahia. Au STM
131. [ ] Prenanthes racemosa Michx. (Syn: Nabalus racemosus (Michx.) Hook. , Prenanthes racemosa Michx. var. multiflora (Cronquist) Dorn ) Purple Rattlesnake Root. Au LkM
132. [ ] Pseudognaphalium canescens (DC.) Anderberg. (Syn: P. canescens (DC.) W. A. Weber [illeg.] ) Wright's Rabbit-Tobacco.. Au DkR NTMP
133. [ ] Pseudognaphalium macounii (Greene) Kartesz. Macoun’s Rabbit-Tobacco. LkMN
134. [ ] Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl. (Syn: Rudbeckia columnifera Nutt. ) Upright Prairie Coneflower. Au Eage KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld WAsh
135. [ ] Scorzonera laciniata L. (Syn: Podospermum laciniatum (L.) De Candolle ) Cutleaf Vipergrass. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn NTM NWash STM
136. [ ] Senecio eremophilus Richardson var. kingii (Rydb.) Greenm. NTMP
137. [ ] Senecio integerrimus Nutt. Columbia Ragwort. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy
138. [ ] Senecio riddellii (Torr. & A. Gray) Greenm. ex L.O. Williams. Riddell's Ragwort. HSq
139. [ ] Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Senecio multicapitatus Greenm. ex Rydb. ) Broomlike Ragwort. NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
140. [ ] Senecio wootonii Greene. Wooton's Ragwort. Au

Solidago L. - Goldenrod

Perennial herbs; leaves alternate, simple; heads radiate; involucre bracts imbricate in several series or not much imbricate, more or less chartaceous at the base with green tips; receptacle naked; disk flowers yellow; ray flowers white; pappus of capillary bristles; achenes subterete or angled, short-pubescent to glabrous. (Croat, 1972; Nesom, 1993, 1999; Taylor &Taylor 1983; 1984)

1a. Involucre bracts with 3-5 parallel veins; heads in a flat-topped corymbiform inflorescence; plants densely pubescent with short, spreading hairs; leaves uninerved, elliptic-oblong to broadly ovate, Clear Creek Canyon, Ranson/Edwards ... S. rigida var. humilis

1b. Involucre bracts without parallel veins; heads in a paniculate or thyrsiform inflorescence; plants variously pubescent but usually not densely so with short, spreading hairs; leaves often trinerved, variously shaped ... 2

2a. Leaves glabrous or with ciliate leaf margins; stems glabrous or occasionally minutely hairy above or in the inflorescence... 3

2b. Leaves puberulent to hirsute (at least below), the margins ciliate or not; stems evenly short-hairy to hirsute, sometimes glabrate toward the base ... 6

3a. Leaves mostly 3-nerved (the middle nerve the strongest with 2 fainter lateral nerves from the leaf base, sometimes just the upper uninerved), narrowly elliptic to lanceolate or broadly linear ... 4

3b. Leaves uninerved, at least the lower oblanceolate to obovate or ovate to broadly lanceolate ... 5

4a. Leaf margins sharply serrate for at least 1/2 the length of the leaf; plants (5) 10-15 dm or more tall; achenes short-hairy, Wet soil Apex Gulch ... S. gigantea

4b. Leaf margins entire or (especially those of the lower leaves) remotely toothed (on the upper 1/3 of the leaf or less), rarely toothed for 1/2 of the margin or more; plants generally shorter, 1.5-9 dm; achenes glabrous or occasionally sparsely hairy, commonly collected around Golden, Ranson/Edwards ... S. missouriensis

5a. Lower and basal leaves oblanceolate to spatulate or obovate; disk flowers 8-17 (25); achenes hairy, Apex Gl., Lookout Mtn ... S. simplex var. simplex

5b. Lower and basal leaves ovate to broadly lanceolate or oblong; disk flowers usually 4 or 5 but rarely up to 11; achenes glabrous, North Table(?), Ranson/Edwards ... S. speciosa var. pallida

6a. Basal leaves well-developed and present at flowering time, the stem leaves smaller than the basal and progre reduced in size upward (note that specimens collected late in the season may have withered basal leaves) ... 7

6b. Leaves mainly all cauline without well-developed basal leaves present at flowering time, these not greatly reduced in size upward ... 8

7a. Disk flowers 8-20, greater than the number of ray flowers, commonly collected around Golden, Ranson/Edwards ... S. nana

7b. Disk flowers 3-6 (9), fewer than or equal to the number of ray flowers, Lookout Mountain ... S. nemoralis var. decemflora

8a. Leaves 1-nerved or rarely obscurely 3-nerved, the margins mostly entire; involucre bracts not viscid with granular or minutely stipitate glands ... S. nemoralis var. decemflora

8b. Leaves 3-nerved, rarely obscurely so, the margins serrate to irregularly toothed (at least remotely so); most leaves sharply serrate for 1/2 of the margin or more, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate; ray flowers mostly 13, ranging from (5) 10-18, cultivated, South Table ... S. canadensis

Abstracted from Ackerfield (2015) for taxa found in Golden and vicinity.
141. [ ] Solidago canadensis L. Canada Goldenrod. Au STM
142. [ ] Solidago gigantea Aiton. Giant Goldenrod. ApexGl
143. [ ] Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Missouri Goldenrod. KRun NTMP NWash STM
144. [ ] Solidago nana Nutt. Baby Goldenrod. HSq NTM NWash STM
145. [ ] Solidago nemoralis Aiton ssp. decemflora (de Candolle) Brammall ex Semple. Gray Goldenrod. LkM
146. [ ] Solidago rigida L. var. humilis Porter. Stiff Goldenrod. ClrCkCyn
147. [ ] Solidago simplex Kunth. Sticky Goldenrod. HSq LkM
148. [ ] Solidago speciosa Nutt. Showy Goldenrod. NTM
149. [ ] Sonchus asper (L.) Hill. Spiny Sowthistle. Au
150. [ ] Stephanomeria pauciflora (Torr.) A. Nelson. Brownplume Wirelettuce. NTMP STM
151. [ ] Symphyotrichum ericoides (Linnaeus) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Virgulus ericoides (Linnaeus) Reveal & Keener ) White Heath Aster. Au
152. [ ] Symphyotrichum falcatum (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster falcatus Lindl. ) White Prairie Aster. Au HSq NTM NWash STM TinC
153. [ ] Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve var. geyeri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom. Smooth Blue Aster. AuRes LkM
154. [ ] Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.) G. L. Nesom ssp. hesperium (A. Gray) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster lanceolatus Willd. ssp. hesperius (A. Gray) Semple & J. Chmielewski ) Western Lance-Leaved Aster. Au HSq STM
155. [ ] Symphyotrichum porteri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster porteri A. Gray ) Smooth White Aster. Endemic (CO, NM, WY) HSq LkM NTM NWash STM TinC
156. [ ] Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. (Syn: T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC. ) Common Dandelion. ApexPkR KRun MMtn NTM NWash STM SvyFld
157. [ ] Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze. Hopi Tea Greenthread. Cress NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
158. [ ] Townsendia . Townsend Daisy. NTM
159. [ ] Townsendia exscapa (Richards.) Porter. Stemless Townsend Daisy. Chim MMtn
160. [ ] Townsendia grandiflora Nutt. Largeflower Townsend Daisy. Au Eage LkM NTM NTMP STM Windy
161. [ ] Townsendia hookeri Beaman. Hooker's Townsend Daisy. Dead MtV STM SvyFld
162. [ ] Tragopogon dubius Scop. (Syn: Tragopogon dubius Scop. ssp. major (Jacq.) Vollman ) Yellow Salsify. DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
163. [ ] Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex A. Gray. (Syn: Ximenesia encelioides Cav. ) Golden Crownbeard. Cowpen Daisy.. Au NTMP STM
164. [ ] Xanthisma spinulosum (Pursh) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartm. Spiny Goldenweed. STM
165. [ ] Xanthium strumarium L. Common Cocklebur. Au HSq STM

166. Berberidaceae
167. [ ] Berberis repens Lindl. (Syn: Mahonia repens (Lindl.) G. Don ) Creeping Barberry. ApexGl KRun LkM NTM NTMP SvyFld Windy

168. Betulaceae
169. [ ] Betula occidentalis Hook. (Syn: Betula fontinalis Sarg. ) Water Birch. Au
170. [ ] Carpinus betulus L. European hornbeam. Au
171. [ ] Corylus cornuta Marshall. (Syn: Corylus cornuta Marshall var. cornuta ) Beaked Hazelnut. HSq NTMP

172. Boraginaceae
173. [ ] Cryptantha virgata (Porter) Payson. (Syn: Oreocarya virgata (Porter) Greene ) Miner"s Candle. Endemic (CO, WY) Au LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
174. [ ] Cynoglossum officinale L. Gypsyflower. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexPkR KRun MMtn NTM STM SvyFld TinC WelchD
175. [ ] Ellisia nyctelea (L.) L. Aunt Lucy. ApexGl NTMP
176. [ ] Heliotropium curassavicum L. Seaside Heliotrope. NTMP
177. [ ] Hydrophyllum fendleri (A. Gray) A. Heller. NTM SvyFld
178. [ ] Lappula occidentalis (S. Watson) Greene. (Syn: Lappula redowskii (Hornem.) Greene ) Flatspine Stickseed. Treated by some as a synonym of L. redowski (Hornem.) Greene. Au DkR HSq KRun NTM STM Tuck
179. [ ] Lappula occidentalis (S. Watson) Greene var. cupulata (A. Gray) Higgins. (Syn: Lappula redowskii (Hornem.) Greene var. cupulata (A. Gray) M. E. Jones ) Crowned Stickseed. NTMP TinC
180. [ ] Lithospermum arvense L. (Syn: Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I. M. Johnst. ) Corn Gromwell. KRun
181. [ ] Lithospermum incisum Lehm. Narrowleaf Stoneseed. ApexPkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
182. [ ] Lithospermum occidentale (Mack.) Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes. (Syn: Onosmodium bejariense DC. ex A. DC. var. occidentale (Mack.) B. L. Turner , Onosmodium molle Michx. ) Western Gromwell nee Marbleseed. ApexPkR NTM STM SvyFld
183. [ ] Mertensia lanceolata (Pursh) DC. Prairie Bluebells. ApexPkR Au KRun LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
184. [ ] Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm. Silverleaf Phacelia. Au
185. [ ] Phacelia heterophylla Pursh. Varileaf Phacelia. NTM NTMP STM
186. [ ] Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnst. var. hispidulus (Greene) Dorn. (Syn: Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnst. var. penicillata (Greene) Löve ) Scouler's popcornflower. NTMP STM

187. Brassicaceae
188. [ ] Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L. Eage NTM
189. [ ] Alyssum simplex Rudolphi. (Syn: Alyssum minus Rothm. , Alyssum parviflorum Fisch. ex M.Bieb. ) European Madwort. ApexPkR Au DkR MGal MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
190. [ ] Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins var. pycnocarpa. (Syn: Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. , Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. pycnocarpa (M. Hopkins) Rollins ) Cream Flower Rockcress. NTMP STM TinC
191. [ ] Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. Garden Yellowrocket. KRun NTM STM SvyFld
192. [ ] Berteroa incana (L.) DC. Hoary Alyssum. ApexGl Tuck
193. [ ] Boechera fendleri (S.Watson) W.A.Weber. (Syn: Arabis fendleri (S. Watson) Greene ) Fendler's rockcress. NTMP STM
194. [ ] Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC. Little-Podded False Flax. Au Eage LkM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
195. [ ] Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Shepherd's Purse. Tuck
196. [ ] Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. Crossflower. ApexPkR Au KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM Tuck
197. [ ] Descurainia incisa (Engelm.) Britton. STM
198. [ ] Descurainia pinnata (Walter) Britton. Western Tansymustard. STM
199. [ ] Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. Tansy Mustard. Au Eage NTM
200. [ ] Draba nemorosa L. Woodland Whitlow Grass. HSq KRun STM
201. [ ] Draba reptans (Lam.) Fernald. Carolina Whitlow Grass. Au STM
202. [ ] Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC. LkM NTM
203. [ ] Erysimum capitatum (Hook.) Greene. Sanddune Wallflower. ApexPkR Au LkM MGal STM SvyFld
204. [ ] Erysimum cheiranthoides L. Wormseed Wallflower. NTM
205. [ ] Hesperis matronalis L. Dame's Rocket. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Dead WelchD
206. [ ] Lepidium campestre (L.) W. T. Aiton. Field Pepperweed. SvyFld
207. [ ] Lepidium draba L. (Syn: Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. ) White Top. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au Eage NTMP TinC
208. [ ] Lepidium latifolium L. (Syn: Cardaria latifolia (L.) Spach ) Broad-Leaved Pepper-Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au
209. [ ] Lepidium perfoliatum L. Clasping Pepperweed. NTMP
210. [ ] Lunaria annua L. Money Plant. Au
211. [ ] Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (Syn: Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek ) Watercress. ApexGl STM
212. [ ] Noccaea fendleri (A. Gray) Holub. Windy
213. [ ] Noccaea fendleri (A. Gray) Holub ssp. glauca (A. Nelson) Al-Shehbaz & M. Koch. (Syn: Noccaea montana (L.) F. K. Meyer , Thlaspi montanum L. var. montanum ) 0 LkM
214. [ ] Physaria montana (A. Gray) Greene. (Syn: Lesquerella montana (A. Gray) S. Watson ) Mountain Bladderpod. ApexPkR Au DkR LkM NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC
215. [ ] Physaria vitulifera Rydb. Roundtip Twinpod. Au ClrCkCyn KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM
216. [ ] Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser. (Syn: R. islandica (Oeder ex Murray) Borbas ) Bog Yellow-Cress. HSq
217. [ ] Rorippa sinuata (Nutt.) Hitchc. Spreading Yellowcress. STM
218. [ ] Rorippa tenerrima Greene. Modoc Yellowcress. NTMP
219. [ ] Sisymbrium altissimum L. Tall Tumblemustard. ApexPkR HSq NTM NWash STM
220. [ ] Sisymbrium loeselii L. Loesel's Tumble Mustard. NTM
221. [ ] Thlaspi arvense L. Field Penny Cress. KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
222. [ ] Turritis glabra L. (Syn: Arabis glabra (L.) Bernhardi ) Tower Rockcress. ApexPkR NTM SvyFld

223. Cactaceae
224. [ ] Coryphantha missouriensis (Sweet) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Escobaria missouriensis (Sweet) D.R.Hunt ) Missouri Foxtail Cactus. Au DkR MMtn NTM NWash TinC
225. [ ] Coryphantha vivipara (Nutt.) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. , Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. var. deserti (Engelm.) D. R. Hunt , Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. var. rosea (Clokey) D. R. Hunt , Mamillaria vivipara (Nutt.) Haw. ) Beehive Cactus. Au NTM NWash SvyFld
226. [ ] Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. (Syn: Echinocereus chloranthus (Engelm.) J.N.Haage , Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. chloranthus (Engelm.) Backeb. ) Nylon Hedgehog Cactus. MGal MtZion NTM NTMP NWash STM
227. [ ] Opuntia (L.) Mill. Prickly Pear. NTM
228. [ ] Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm. Twistspine Pricklypear. DkR NTMP NWash STM
229. [ ] Opuntia polyacantha Haw. Plains Pricklypear. Dead NTM NWash STM
230. [ ] Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Echinocactus simpsonii Engelm. , Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britton & Rose var. minor (Engelm.) Cockerell ) Mountain Ball Cactus. DkR NTM NTMP STM

231. Campanulaceae
232. [ ] Campanula glomerata L. Dane's Blood. NWash
233. [ ] Campanula rapunculoides L. Rampion Bellflower. Au
234. [ ] Campanula rotundifolia L. Harebell. ApexGl ClrCkCyn DkR NTM NTMP STM Windy

235. Cannabaceae
236. [ ] Celtis reticulata Torr. (Syn: Celtis laevigata Willd. var. reticulata L. D. Benson ) Net-Leaved Hackberry. DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM
237. [ ] Humulus lupulus L. Wild Hops. NTM

238. Caprifoliaceae
239. [ ] Lonicera morrowii A. Gray. Morrow's honeysuckle. Treated by the Plant List as a synonym of L. tatarica var. morrowii (A. Gray) Q. E. Yang, Landrein, Borosova & J. Osborne Au
240. [ ] Lonicera tatarica L. Tatarian Honeysuckle. NWash
241. [ ] Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook. Western Snowberry. NTM NTMP STM
242. [ ] Symphoricarpos rotundifolius A. Gray. (Syn: S. oreophilus A. Gray , S. rotundifolius A. Gray var. parishii (Rydb.) Dempster , S. rotundifolius A. Gray var. rotundifolius , S. vaccinioides Rydb. ) Roundleaf Snowberry. Au LkM NTM NTMP STM
243. [ ] Viburnum lantana L. Wayfaringtree. MtZion

244. Caryophyllaceae
245. [ ] Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin. (Syn: Cerastium strictum L ) Field Chickweed. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq KRun LkM MGal MMtn NTM STM SvyFld TinC Windy
246. [ ] Cerastium brachypodum (Engelmann ex A. Gray) B. L. Robinson. (Syn: Cerastium nutans Raf. var. brachypodum Engelmann ex A. Gray ) Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed. NTM
247. [ ] Cerastium nutans Raf. Nodding Chickweed. Presence in Colorado not universally accepted. STM
248. [ ] Eremogone fendleri (A. Gray) Ikonnikov. (Syn: Arenaria fendleri A. Gray ) Fendler's Sandwort. NTM
249. [ ] Gypsophila elegans M. Bieb. Showy Baby's Breath. LkMN
250. [ ] Gypsophila paniculata L. (Syn: G. paniculata L. var. p. ) Baby's Breath. Weed: CO DofA, List: Watch. NWash
251. [ ] Holosteum umbellatum L. Jagged Chickweed. ApexPkR
252. [ ] Paronychia jamesii Torr. & A. Gray. James' Nailwort. NTM NTMP STM
253. [ ] Pseudostellaria jamesiana (Torr.) W. A. Weber & R. L. Hartm. (Syn: Stellaria jamesiana Torr. ) Tuber Starwort. ApexGl Au
254. [ ] Saponaria officinalis L. Bouncingbet. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. NTMP NWash
255. [ ] Silene antirrhina L. Sleepy Catchfly. Au STM SvyFld
256. [ ] Silene drummondii Hook. Drummond's Campion. Au
257. [ ] Stellaria media (L.) Vill. (Syn: Alsine media L. ) Common Chickweed. Au NWash

258. Chenopodiaceae
259. [ ] Atriplex canescens (Pursh.) Nutt. Four-wing Saltbush. STM
260. [ ] Atriplex hortensis L. Garden Orache. Au
261. [ ] Chenopodium album L. Lambsquarters. NTM NTMP NWash STM
262. [ ] Chenopodium atrovirens Rydb. Pinyon Goosefoot. HSq
263. [ ] Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. Pitseed Goosefoot. Au STM
264. [ ] Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants. (Syn: Chenopodium b. L , Teloxys botrys (L.) Weber ) Jerusalem Oak Goosefoot. ClrCkCyn HSq STM
265. [ ] Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. (Syn: Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott , Bassia sieversiana (Pall.) W. A. Weber ) Common Red Sage. HSq
266. [ ] Salsola collina Pall. Slender Russian Thistle. ClrCkCyn
267. [ ] Salsola tragus L. (Syn: S. australis R. Brown , S. iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botschantzev ex Czerepanov , S. kali , S. kali var. tenuifolia Tausch. , S. pestifer Nels. ) Tumbleweed. Au HSq STM
268. [ ] Suckleya suckleyana (Torr.) Rydb. Poison Suckleya. Au HSq

269. Cleomaceae
270. [ ] Peritoma serrulata (Pursh) DC. (Syn: Cleome serrulata Pursh ) Rocky Mountain Beeplant. HSq NTM TGl
271. [ ] Polanisia dodecandra (Linnaeus) de Candolle ssp. trachysperma (Torrey & A. Gray) H. H. Iltis. (Syn: Polanisia trachysperma Torrey & A. Gray ) Sandyseed Clammyweed. ClrCkCyn STM

272. Convolvulaceae
273. [ ] Convolvulus arvensis L. Field Bindweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
274. [ ] Evolvulus nuttallianus Roem. & Schult. (Syn: E. argenteus Pursh [illeg.] , E. pilosus Nutt. ) Shaggy Dwarf Morning Glory. NWash STM

275. Cornaceae
276. [ ] Cornus sericea L. (Syn: Swida sericea (L.) Holub. ) Creek Dogwood. LkM STM

277. Crassulaceae
278. [ ] Sedum lanceolatum Torr. (Syn: Amerosedum lanceolatum (Torr.) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Spearleaf Stonecrop. MMtn NTM STM WelchD
279. [ ] Sedum stenopetalum Pursh. Wormleaf Stonecrop. STM

280. Dipsacaceae
281. [ ] Dipsacus fullonum L. Fuller's Teasel. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au NWash
282. [ ] Dipsacus laciniatus L. Cutleaf Teasel. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. HSq

283. Elaeagnaceae
284. [ ] Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian Olive. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR NWash STM SvyFld

285. Ericaceae
286. [ ] Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel. Bearberry. Au LkM TinC
287. [ ] Orthilia secunda (L.) House. Sidebells Wintergreen. Au
288. [ ] Pyrola asarifolia Michx. (Syn: Pyrola rotundifolia L. ssp. asarifolia (Michx.) A. Löve ) Liverleaf Wintergreen. Au ClrCkCyn LkM

289. Euphorbiaceae

Chamaesyce A. Gray — Sandmat

Chamaesyce is reduced to a subgroup of Euphorbia in FNANM. California and Colorado authors maintain its rank as a genus.


290. [ ] Chamaesyce fendleri (Torr. & A.Gray) Small. (Syn: Euphorbia fendleri Torr. & A. Gray ) Fendler's Sandmat. STM
291. [ ] Chamaesyce glyptosperma (Engelm.) Small. Ribseed Sand Mat. HSq NTMP STM
292. [ ] Euphorbia brachycera Engelm. (Syn: Tithymalus brachyceras (Engelm.) Small ) Horned Spurge. Dead STM
293. [ ] Euphorbia dentata Michx. (Syn: Euphorbia dentata Michx. var. dentata , Pointsettia dentata (Michx.) Klotzsch & Garcke ) Toothed Spurge. HSq STM
294. [ ] Euphorbia esula L. Leafy Spurge. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR NTMP STM Tuck
295. [ ] Euphorbia marginata Pursh. (Syn: Agaloma marginata (Pursh) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Snow on the Mountain. Eage HSq NTM STM
296. [ ] Euphorbia myrsinites L. (Syn: Tithymalus myrsinites (L.) Hill ) Myrtle Spurge. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. ApexPkR Au KRun MtZion NTM NTMP NWash SvyFld TinC
297. [ ] Euphorbia peplus L. (Syn: Tithymalus peplus (L.) Hill ) Petty Spurge. Au KRun
298. [ ] Euphorbia spathulata Lam. (Syn: Tithymalus spathulata (Lam.) W. A. Weber ) Warty Spurge, Spoonleaf Spurge. NTM NTMP STM
299. [ ] Tragia ramosa Torr. Branched Noseburn. Au DkR NTM NTMP STM

300. Fabaceae
301. [ ] Astragalus agrestis Douglas ex G. Don. Purple Milkvetch. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
302. [ ] Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt. Groundplum Milkvetch. NTM NTMP NWash STM
303. [ ] Astragalus drummondii Dougl. ex Hook. Drummond's Milkvetch. Au Dead DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
304. [ ] Astragalus flexuosus G. Don. Flexible Milkvetch. ApexPkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
305. [ ] Astragalus laxmannii Jacq. var. robustior (Hook.) Barneby & S. L. Welsh. (Syn: Astragalus adsurgens Pall. ) Prairie Milkvetch. HSq NTM STM
306. [ ] Astragalus parryi A. Gray. Parry's Milkvetch. NTM
307. [ ] Astragalus shortianus Torr. & A.Gray. Short's Milkvetch. KRun NTM NTMP STM TinC
308. [ ] Colutea arborescens L. Bladder Senna. Cress NWash STM
309. [ ] Dalea candida Willd. White Prairie Clover. NTMP STM
310. [ ] Dalea purpurea Vent. Purple Prairie Clover. HSq NTMP SvyFld
311. [ ] Glycyrrhiza lepidota Pursh. American Licorice. Au NTM STM TinC
312. [ ] Lathyrus eucosmus Butters & H. St. John. Bush Vetchling. NTM STM
313. [ ] Lathyrus lanszwertii Kellogg var. leucanthus (Rydb.)Dorn. (Syn: Lathyrus leucanthus Rydb. ) STM
314. [ ] Lathyrus leucanthus Rydb. (=Lathyrus lanszwertii Kellogg var. leucanthus (Rydb.)Dorn) NTM
315. [ ] Lupinus argenteus Pursh. Loosely Flowered Silver Lupine. ApexPkR Cress DkR LkM NTM NTMP
316. [ ] Lupinus argenteus Pursh var. argenteus. Loosely Flowered Silver Lupine. HSq NTMP SvyFld
317. [ ] Lupinus caudatus Kellogg var. argophyllus (A. Gray) S.L. Welsh. (=Lupinus caudatus Kellogg ssp. argophyllus (A.Gray) E.Phillips) Kellogg's Spurred Lupine. AuRes
318. [ ] Medicago lupulina L. Black Medick. NTM NTMP STM TinC
319. [ ] Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa. NWash STM
320. [ ] Melilotus albus Medik. NTM NTMP STM
321. [ ] Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Yellow Sweet Clover. Cress NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
322. [ ] Oxytropis lambertii Pursh. Purple Locoweed. Au DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
323. [ ] Oxytropis sericea Torr. & A. Gray. White Locoweed. STM
324. [ ] Pediomelum tenuiflorum (Pursh) A. N. Egan. (Syn: Psoralea tenuiflora Pursh , Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. ) Slimflower Scurfpea. Au NTM STM
325. [ ] Psoralidium lanceolatum (Pursh) Rydb. (=Ladeania lanceolata (Pursh) A. N. Egan & Reveal) Dune Scurfpea. Au
326. [ ] Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. (=Pediomelum tenuiflorum (Pursh) A. N. Egan) Slimflower Scurfpea. Au HSq NTMP NWash
327. [ ] Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black Locust. NTM STM
328. [ ] Securigera varia (L.) Lassen. (Syn: Coronilla varia L. ) Purple Crownvetch. MtV NTM
329. [ ] Thermopsis rhombifolia (Nutt. ex Pursh) Nutt. ex Richardson var. divaricarpa (A. Nelson) Isely. (=Thermopsis divaricarpa A. Nelson) Prairie Thermopsis. LkM NTM NTMP STM TinC
330. [ ] Trifolium hybridum L. Alsike Clover. LkM
331. [ ] Vicia americana Willd. American Vetch. ApexPkR Au NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
332. [ ] Vicia ludoviciana Nutt. Louisiana Vetch. STM
333. [ ] Vicia villosa Roth. Hairy Vetch. ApexGl Au HSq NTMP STM

334. Fagaceae
335. [ ] Quercus gambelii Nutt. Gambel's oak. Au

336. Fumariaceae
337. [ ] Corydalis aurea Willd. Scrambled Eggs. NTM NTMP STM

338. Gentianaceae
339. [ ] Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinners. (Syn: Eustoma russellianum (Hook.) Griseb. ) Showy Prairie Gentian. LkM
340. [ ] Frasera speciosa Griseb. (Syn: Swertia radiata (Kellogg) Kuntze ) Elkweed. Windy

341. Geraniaceae
342. [ ] Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton. Redstem Stork's Bill. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
343. [ ] Geranium caespitosum James. Pineywoods Geranium. AuRes HSq LkM NTM STM SvyFld
344. [ ] Geranium richardsonii Fisch. & Trautv. Richardson's Geranium. LkM

345. Grossulariaceae
346. [ ] Ribes aureum Pursh. Golden Currant. ApexPkR KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM Windy
347. [ ] Ribes cereum Douglas. Wax Currant. ApexPkR Au DkR Eage HSq KRun LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy

348. Hydrangeaceae
349. [ ] Jamesia americana Torr. & A. Gray. Fivepetal Cliffbush. LkM STM WelchD

350. Hypericaceae
351. [ ] Hypericum perforatum L. Common St. John's Wort. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. DkR NTMP

352. Lamiaceae
353. [ ] Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt. American Dragonhead. Au
354. [ ] Lamium amplexicaule L. Henbit. NWash
355. [ ] Lycopus americanus W. P. C. Barton. American Bugleweed. HSq
356. [ ] Marrubium vulgare L. Horehound. DkR HSq NTM STM TinC
357. [ ] Mentha arvensis L. Wild Mint. ApexGl Au NTM STM
358. [ ] Mentha canadensis L. Wild Mint. Au
359. [ ] Mentha spicata L. Spearmint. NTM
360. [ ] Monarda fistulosa L. Wild Bergamot. ApexGl ApexPkR Au HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld Windy
361. [ ] Monarda pectinata Nutt. Plains Beebalm. ApexPkR NTMP STM
362. [ ] Nepeta cataria L. Catnip. ApexGl NTM STM
363. [ ] Prunella vulgaris L. Common Selfheal. NTMP
364. [ ] Salvia reflexa Hornemann. (Syn: S. lanceolata Rydb. [unpub.] , S. lanceolata Willd. [illeg.] , S. trichostemmoides Pursh ) Lanceleaf Sage. Au STM
365. [ ] Scutellaria brittonii Porter. Britton's Skullcap. Dead DkR HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld

366. Linaceae
367. [ ] Linum lewisii Pursh. (Syn: Adenolinum lewisii (Pursh) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Prairie Blue Flax. ApexPkR ClrCk DkR NTM NWash STM
368. [ ] Linum perenne L. (Syn: Adenolinum perenne (L.) Rchb. ) Blue Flax. NTMP STM

369. Loasaceae

Mentzelia. Blazing Star.

Weber and Wittmann (2012) treatment of Mentzelia breaks the genus up into Acrolasia, Mentzelia, and Nuttallia.
370. [ ] Mentzelia albicaulis Hook. (Syn: Acrolasia albicaulis (Douglas) Rydb. ) White-Stem Blazing Star. STM
371. [ ] Mentzelia dispersa S. Watson. (Syn: Acrolasia dispersa (S. Watson) Davidson ) Bushy Blazing Star. STM
372. [ ] Mentzelia multiflora (Nutt.) A. Gray. (Syn: Nuttallia multiflora (Nutt.) Greene ) Adonis Blazing Star. ApexGl ClrCkCyn LkM
373. [ ] Mentzelia nuda (Pursh) Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Nuttallia nuda (Pursh) Greene ) Bractless Blazing Star. Au NTM NWash
374. [ ] Mentzelia speciosa Osterh. (Syn: Nuttallia speciosa (Osterh.) Greene ) Plains Blazing Star. NTM STM

375. Lythraceae
376. [ ] Lythrum salicaria L. Purple Loosestrife. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. Au

377. Malvaceae
378. [ ] Malva neglecta Wallr. Common Mallow. NWash
379. [ ] Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Scarlet Globemallow. ApexPkR Dead Eage NTM NTMP STM SvyFld

380. Montiaceae

Claytonia. Spring Beauty.

Genus sometimes included in Portulacaceae.


381. [ ] Claytonia lanceolata Pursh. Lanceleaf Springbeauty. LkM
382. [ ] Claytonia rosea Rydb. Rocky Mountain Springbeauty. ApexGl ApexPkR LkM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
383. [ ] Phemeranthus parviflorus (Nutt.) Kiger. Sunbright. NTMP STM

384. Myrsinaceae
385. [ ] Lysimachia ciliata L. Fringed Loosestrife. ApexGl LkM

386. Nyctaginaceae
387. [ ] Abronia fragrans Nutt. Ex Hook. Snowball Sand Verbena. Au
388. [ ] Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl. (Syn: Oxybaphus linearis (Pursh) B. L. Robinson ) Narrowleaf Four O'Clock. ClrCkCyn HSq NTM NWash STM
389. [ ] Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill. (Syn: Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michx.) Sweet ) Heartleaf Four O'Clock. KRun STM

390. Oleaceae
391. [ ] Fraxinus americana L. White Ash. NTM
392. [ ] Ligustrum vulgare L. Privet. ApexGl

393. Onagraceae
394. [ ] Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub. (Syn: Epilobium a. L , Epilobium angustifolium L var. intermedium ) Fireweed. LkM
395. [ ] Circaea alpina L. Small Enchanter's Nightshade. ApexGl
396. [ ] Epilobium brachycarpum C. Presl. Autumn Willow Herb. HSq
397. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. Fringed Willowherb. HSq NTM STM
398. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. ciliatum. (Syn: E. adenocaulon Hausskn. ) Fringed Willowherb. MtV
399. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. glandulosum (Lehm.) Hoch & P. H. Raven. (Syn: Epilobium glandulosum Lehm. ) Fringed Willowherb. NTM

Oenothera. Evening Primrose

See also names in Gaura.


400. [ ] Oenothera albicaulis Pursh. Whitest Evening Primrose. LkM STM
401. [ ] Oenothera brachycarpa A. Gray. Short-Fruit Evening Primrose. Au NTM STM
402. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. Tufted Evening Primrose. Au NTM STM
403. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. ssp. macroglottis (Rydb.) W.L. Wagner. Tufted Evening Primrose. Au NTMP
404. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. ssp. marginata (Hook. & Arn.) Munz. Tufted Evening Primrose. STM
405. [ ] Oenothera coronopifolia Torr. & A. Gray. Crownleaf Evening Primrose. ClrCkCyn LkM
406. [ ] Oenothera curtiflora W.L. Wagner & Hoch. (Syn: Gaura mollis James, nom. rej. , Gaura parviflora Douglas ex Lehm. ) Velvet Butterfly-Weed. HSq NTMP STM
407. [ ] Oenothera howardii (A. Nels.) W. L. Wagner. Howard's Evening Primrose. Au ClrCk STM SvyFld
408. [ ] Oenothera nuttallii Sweet. Nuttall's Evening Primrose. Au
409. [ ] Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W. L. Wagner & Hoch. (Syn: Gaura coccinea Pursh , Gaura glabra Lehm. ) Linda Tarde. ApexPkR Au DkR Eage HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
410. [ ] Oenothera villosa Thunb. Hairy Evening Primrose. ApexGl STM

411. Orobanchaceae
412. [ ] Castilleja integra A. Gray. Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush. ApexPkR Au DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
413. [ ] Castilleja linariifolia Benth. Wyoming Indian Paintbrush. NTM
414. [ ] Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (Syn: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray ) Clustered Broomrape. Au Dead DkR Eage NTM NTMP NWash STM
415. [ ] Orobanche uniflora L. (Syn: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray , Orobanche uniflora L. var. uniflora ) Naked Broomrape. STM
416. [ ] Orthocarpus luteus Nutt. Yellow Owls Clover. ApexGl Au

417. Oxalidaceae
418. [ ] Oxalis stricta L. Common Yellow Oxalis. HSq

419. Papaveraceae
420. [ ] Argemone hispida A. Gray. Rough Prickly Poppy. MtV
421. [ ] Argemone intermedia auct. non Sweet. Au
422. [ ] Argemone polyanthemos (Fedde) G.B. Ownbey. Crested Prickly Poppy. HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
423. [ ] Papaver rhoeas L. Corn Poppy. MtV

424. Phrymaceae
425. [ ] Erythranthe floribunda (Douglas ex Lindl.) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus floribundus Lindl. ) Many Flowered Monkey Flower. NTMP STM
426. [ ] Erythranthe glabrata (Kunth) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus glabratus Kunth. ) Roundleaf Monkeyflower. Au
427. [ ] Erythranthe guttata (Fisch. ex DC.) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus guttatus DC. ) Seep Monkeyflower. NTM

428. Plantaginaceae
429. [ ] Collinsia parviflora Lindl. Maiden Blue-eyed Mary. ApexPkR NTM STM SvyFld Windy
430. [ ] Gratiola neglecta Torr. Clammy Hedge Hyssop. NTMP
431. [ ] Linaria canadensis (L.) Dum.-Cours. var. texana (Scheele) Pennell. (Syn: Nuttallanthus texanus (Scheele) D. A. Sutton ) Blue Toadflax. Au DkR
432. [ ] Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. (Syn: Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica , Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm. ) Dalmatian ToadFlax. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexPkR Chim ClrCkCyn DkR LkM NTM NWash SvyFld
433. [ ] Penstemon glaber Pursh var. glaber. Sawsepal Penstemon. ClrCkCyn
434. [ ] Penstemon secundiflorus Benth. Sidebells Penstemon. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn DkR HSq LkM NTM NWash STM
435. [ ] Penstemon strictus Benth. Rocky Mountain Penstemon. Au
436. [ ] Penstemon virens Pennell ex Rydb. Front Range Beardtongue. ApexPkR Au DkR KRun LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM TinC
437. [ ] Penstemon virgatus A. Gray var. asa-grayi (Crosswh.) Dorn. Upright Blue Beardtongue. Eage LkM NTM STM
438. [ ] Plantago patagonica Jacq. Woolly Plantain. DkR Eage NTMP STM
439. [ ] Veronica americana (Raf.) Benth. American Speedwell. ApexGl STM
440. [ ] Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Water Speedwell. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
441. [ ] Veronica arvensis L. Corn Speedwell. NTMP SvyFld
442. [ ] Veronica biloba L. (Syn: Pocilla biloba (L.) W. A. Weber ) Twolobe Speedwell. NTM
443. [ ] Veronica catenata Pennell. Speedwell. HSq STM
444. [ ] Veronica peregrina L. ssp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell. (Syn: Veronica peregrina L. var. xalapensis (Kunth) H.St.John ) Neckweed. Au NTM NTMP STM
445. [ ] Veronica serpyllifolia L. (Syn: Veronicastrum serpyllifolium (L.) Fourr. ) Bright Blue Speedwell. NTM

446. Polemoniaceae
447. [ ] Aliciella pinnatifida (Nutt. ex A.Gray) J.M.Porter. (Syn: Gilia pinnatifida Nutt. ) Sticky Gilia. HSq NTM NTMP
448. [ ] Collomia linearis Nutt. Tiny Trumpet. ApexGl HSq
449. [ ] Gilia ophthalmoides Brand. Pinyon Gilia. Au NTM
450. [ ] Gilia sinuata Benth. (Syn: Gilia inconspicua (Sm.) Sweet var. sinuata (Douglas ex Benth.) A. Gray ) Rosy Gilia. Au HSq
451. [ ] Ipomopsis aggregata (Pursh) V.E. Grant ssp. candida (Rydb.) V.E. Grant & A.D. Grant. Scarlet Gilia. Au JksnGl LkM NTM NTMP STM
452. [ ] Ipomopsis spicata (Nutt.) V.E. Grant. Spiked Ipomopsis. Au Dead STM
453. [ ] Microsteris gracilis (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene. Slender Phlox. HSq STM
454. [ ] Phlox longifolia Nutt. Longleaf Phlox. NTM
455. [ ] Phlox multiflora A. Nelson. Mountain Phlox. NTM NTMP
456. [ ] Polemonium foliosissimum A. Gray. Towering Jacob's Ladder. Au

457. Polygonaceae

Eriogonum Michx. — Wild Buckwheat

Eriogonum Michx. — Wild Buckwheat

1a. Perennials, low, spreading, cespitose or mat-forming; flowers attenuate at base, sometimes only weakly so, stipelike base not at all winged; inflorescence bracts 2-10 or sometimes more; perianths glabrous or, if pubescent, not white-tomentose ... 3. (Eriogonum subg. Oligogonum)

1b. Perennial subshrubs or tall erect herbs; flowers not attenuate at base, stipelike base absent or, if present, then slightly winged; inflorescence bracts usually 3 ... 2

2a. Plants perennial subshrubs; involucres (except 1 at fork of node in some) typically sessile, without winged or distinctly ridged achenes ... 6. (Eriogonum subg. Eucycla)

2b. Tall erect perennial herb, Involucres pedunculate, flowers usually glabrous, achenes winged or distinctly ridged ... Eriogonum subg. Pterogonum. Achenes 3-winged; plants (3) 5-25 dm. tall, from a thick taproot; leaves all or mostly basal, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, hirsute, 5-20 cm long; flowers yellow of yellowish green, or reddish in fruit … E. alatum

3. (Eriogonum subg. Oligogonum)

3a. Perianth glabrous externally; stems only with a whorl of leaf-like bracts subtending the inflorescence; ... E. umbellatum

3b. Perianth hairy externally, stems with a whorl of leaf-like bracts subtending the inflorescence and reduced or scale-like bracts at distal nodes; … 4

4a. Flowers white, cream, or pinkish … E. jamesii var. jamesii (in Jeffco known only from an M. E. Jones' collection in Morrison, 1878).

4b. Flowers pale to bright yellow … 5

5a. Involucres elevated on evident peduncles … E. flavum var. flavum

5b. Involucres sessile or nearly so … E. arcuatum

6. (Eriogonum subg. Eucycla). Leaves 4-9 times longer than wide (to 1 cm wide), linear-lanceolate, narrowly oblong, narrowly ellliptic, or oblanceolate, the margins not crenulate. Plants of the eastern slope … E. effusum

Abstracted from FNANM (2005) and Ackerfield (2015).
458. [ ] Eriogonum alatum Torr. (Syn: Pterogonum alatum (Torr.) Gross ) Winged Buckwheat. DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
459. [ ] Eriogonum arcuatum Greene. (Syn: Eriogonum jamesii Benth , Eriogonum jamesii Benth var. flavescens S. Watson ) Baker's Buckwheat. MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM
460. [ ] Eriogonum effusum Nutt. Spreading Buckwheat. Au HSq MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM
461. [ ] Eriogonum flavum Nutt. var. flavum. Alpine Wild Golden Buckwheat. NTM NTMP
462. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat. DkR WelchD
463. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. ramulosum Reveal. Buffalo Bill's Sulphur Flower. MtV
464. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. umbellatum. Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat. Au DkR Eage HSq NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
465. [ ] Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Löve. (Syn: Polygonum convolvulus L. ) Black Bindweed. ApexGl LkM MtV STM
466. [ ] Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. (Syn: Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. , Reynoutria japonica Houtt. ) Japanese Knotweed. Au
467. [ ] Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbe. (Syn: Polygonum l. L. ) STM
468. [ ] Persicaria maculosa Gray. (Syn: Polygonum persicaria L. ) HSq
469. [ ] Polygonum aviculare L. NTM STM
470. [ ] Polygonum douglasii Greene. (Syn: Polygonum majus (Meisner) Piper ) Douglas Knotweed. LkM STM
471. [ ] Polygonum engelmannii Greene. (Syn: Polygonum douglasii Greene ssp. engelmannii (Greene) J.T.Kartesz & Gandhi ) Engelmann's Knotweed. LkM
472. [ ] Polygonum erectum L. Erect Knotweed. STM
473. [ ] Polygonum ramosissimum Michx. Bushy Knotweed. HSq STM
474. [ ] Rumex acetosella L. (Syn: Acetosella vulgaris (K. Koch) Fourr. , R. angiocarpus Murb. ) Sheep Sorrel. Invasive. Cress LkM
475. [ ] Rumex crispus L. Curley Dock. ApexGl NTM NWash STM
476. [ ] Rumex salicifolius Weinm. (Syn: R. salicifolius Weinm. ssp. salicifolius ) Willow Dock. NTM
477. [ ] Rumex triangulivalvis (Danser) Rech. f. (Syn: R. salicifolius Weinm. var. triangulivalvis (Danser) J. C. Hickman ) Triangular-Valved Dock. NTM STM
478. [ ] Rumex venosus Pursh. Veiny Dock. DkR STM

479. Portulacaceae
480. [ ] Portulaca oleracea L. Little Hogweed. STM

481. Primulaceae
482. [ ] Androsace occidentalis Pursh. Western Rockjasmine. NTMP STM SvyFld
483. [ ] Androsace septentrionalis L. (Syn: Androsace septentrionalis L. ssp. subumbellata (A. Nelson) G. T. Robbins ) Pygmyflower Rockjasmine. LkM
484. [ ] Dodecatheon pulchellum (Raf.) Merr. (Syn: Exinia pulchella Raf. , Primula pauciflora (Greene) Mast & Reveal ) Beautiful Shootingstar. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM VidGl

485. Ranunculaceae
486. [ ] Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd. Red Baneberry. LkM
487. [ ] Anemone canadensis L. (Syn: Anemonidium canadensis (L.) A. Löve & D. Lö ) Canadensis Anemone. LkM
488. [ ] Anemone cylindrica A. Gray. Candle Anemone. LkM
489. [ ] Anemone multifida Poir. var. multifida. Pacific Anemone. Au LkM
490. [ ] Anemone patens L. var. multifida Pritzel. (Syn: Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill. var. multifida (Pritz.) Zämels ) Eastern Pasqueflower. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM
491. [ ] Aquilegia coerulea E. James. Colorado Blue Columbine. LkM
492. [ ] Aquilegia saximontana Rydb. Rocky Montain Columbine. LkM
493. [ ] Clematis columbiana (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Atragene columbiana Nutt. ) Rock Clematis. LkM
494. [ ] Clematis hirsutissima Pursh. (Syn: Coriflora hirsutissima (Pursh) W. A. Weber ) Hairy Clematis, Sugar Bowls. LkM
495. [ ] Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt. Western White Clematis. ClrCk HSq KRun NTM STM
496. [ ] Clematis orientalis L. Oriental Virginsbower. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au ClrCkCyn STM
497. [ ] Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. virescens (Nutt.) R.E. Brooks. (Syn: Delphinium virescens Nutt. ) Carolina Laskspur. ApexPkR DkR NTMP NWash SvyFld TinC
498. [ ] Delphinium geyeri Greene. Geyer's Larkspur. Au Eage NTM
499. [ ] Delphinium nuttallianum Pritz. Twolobe Larkspur. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn LkM MMtn NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
500. [ ] Delphinium virescens Nutt. (=Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. virescens (Nutt.) R.E. Brooks) Carolina Larkspur. HSq LkM MtV NTM STM
501. [ ] Myosurus minimus L. (Syn: Myosurus minimus L. ssp. minimus ) Tiny Mousetail. NTMP
502. [ ] Ranunculus acriformis A. Gray. Sharpleaf Buttercup. MtV
503. [ ] Ranunculus acris L. Tall Buttercup. HSq
504. [ ] Ranunculus aquatilis L. var. diffusus With. (Syn: Ranunculus aquatilis L. var. capillaceus (Thuill.) DC. ) Threadleaf Crowfoot. NTMP
505. [ ] Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh. (Syn: Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) Greene , R. cymbalaria Pursh var. saximontanus Fernald ) Alkali Buttercup. NTM NTMP
506. [ ] Ranunculus glaberrimus Hook. Sagebrush Buttercup. ApexPkR
507. [ ] Ranunculus repens L. Creeping Buttercup. Tuck
508. [ ] Ranunculus sceleratus L. (Syn: Hecatonia scelerata (L.) Fourr. ) Cursed Buttercup. NTMP STM
509. [ ] Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz. (Syn: Ceratocephala orthoceras DC. ) Bur Buttercup. Au

510. Rhamnaceae
511. [ ] Ceanothus fendleri A. Gray. Fendler's Ceanothus. Au LkM MtV
512. [ ] Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. Jersey Tea. STM

513. Rosaceae
514. [ ] Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem. Saskatoon Serviceberry. Au Chim DkR NTM NTMP STM TinC
515. [ ] Amelanchier utahensis Koehne. Utah Service-Berry. Au LkM
516. [ ] Cercocarpus montanus Raf. Alder-Leaf Mountain Mahogany. Au DkR Eage KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
517. [ ] Cotoneaster lucidus Schltdl. Hairy Stem Cotoneaster. WelchD
518. [ ] Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link. (Syn: Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe , Crataegus erythropoda Ashe , Crataegus macrantha Britton var. occidentalis (Britton) Eggl. ) Fleshy Hawthorn. Au ClrCk HSq KRun LkM MtV NTM STM SvyFld
519. [ ] Fragaria virginiana Mill. Virginia Strawberry. LkM
520. [ ] Geum aleppicum Jacq. (Syn: Geum aleppicum Jacq ssp. strictum (Aiton) Clausen ) Avens. ClrCkCyn
521. [ ] Holodiscus dumosus (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) A.Heller. Rock Spirea. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn LkM NTM NTMP WelchD
522. [ ] Physocarpus monogynus (Torr.) J.M. Coult. (Syn: Spiraea monogyna Torr. ) Mountain Ninebark. LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
523. [ ] Potentilla fissa Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray. (Syn: Drymocallis fissa (Nutt.) Rydb. ) Bigflower Cinquefoil. ApexPkR Au MGal NTM NTMP STM TinC
524. [ ] Potentilla gracilis Hook. Slender Cinquefoil. NTM
525. [ ] Potentilla norvegica L. Norwegian Cinquefoil. NTM NTMP
526. [ ] Potentilla pensylvanica L. Prairie Cinquefoil. NTMP
527. [ ] Potentilla recta L. Sulphur Cinquefoil. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexGl ApexPkR DkR STM TinC
528. [ ] Potentilla rivalis Nutt. Brook Cinquefoil. NTMP
529. [ ] Prunus americana Marshall. American Plum. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn HSq KRun NTM STM
530. [ ] Prunus domestica L. European Plum. ApexPkR NTMP
531. [ ] Prunus pensylvanica L. f. (Syn: Cerasus pensylvanica (L. f.) Loiseleur ) Pin Cherry. Au LkM NTMP NWash STM
532. [ ] Prunus virginiana L. Chokecherry. ApexPkR Au Dead DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
533. [ ] Rosa acicularis Lindl. ssp. sayi (Schwein.) W. H. Lewis. (Syn: Rosa acicularis Lindl. , Rosa sayi Schweinitz ) LkM VidGl
534. [ ] Rosa arkansana Porter. Prairie Rose. ClrCk HSq NTM NWash STM
535. [ ] Rosa woodsii Lindl. Mountain Rose. ClrCk Eage VidGl
536. [ ] Rubus deliciosus Torr. (Syn: Oreobatus deliciosus Torr.(E. James ex Torr.) Rydb. ) Delicious raspberry. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
537. [ ] Rubus idaeus L. var. strigosus (Michx.) Maxim. American Red Raspberry. LkM MtV

538. Rubiaceae
539. [ ] Galium aparine L. (Syn: Galium aparine L. var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Farw. , Galium spurium L. ) Sticky Willy, Cleavers. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
540. [ ] Galium boreale S. Watson. (Syn: Galium septentrionale Roem. & Schult. ) Bedstraw. NTM
541. [ ] Galium triflorum Michx. Fragrant Bedstraw. NTM

542. Salicaceae
543. [ ] Populus alba L. White Cottonwood. STM
544. [ ] Populus angustifolia E. James. Narrowleaf Cottonwood. ClrCkCyn NTM STM
545. [ ] Populus deltoides Marshall ssp. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenw. (Syn: Populus sargentii Dode ) Plains Cottonwood. DkR NTM NTMP STM
546. [ ] Populus tremuloides Michx. Quaking Aspen. NTM
547. [ ] Salix alba L. White Willow. Tuck
548. [ ] Salix amygdaloides Andersson. Peachleaf Willow. NTM STM SvyFld
549. [ ] Salix exigua Nutt. Coyote Willow, Narrow-Leaved Willow. ClrCkCyn NTM RamRes
550. [ ] Salix irrorata Andersson. Dewystem Willow. LkM
551. [ ] Salix ligulifolia (C. R. Ball) C. R. Ball ex C. K. Schneider. (Syn: Salix eriocephala Michx. var. ligulifolia (C. R. Ball ex C. K. Schneid.) Dorn ) Strap-Leaf Willow. ClrCkCyn
552. [ ] Salix monticola Bebb. Park Willow. ClrCkCyn

553. Santalaceae
554. [ ] Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. pallida (A. DC.) Piehl. (Syn: Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. var. pallida (A. DC.) M. E. Jones ) Pale Bastard Toadflax. DkR LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM TinC WelchD

555. Sapindaceae
556. [ ] Acer glabrum Torr. Rocky Mountain Maple. ApexGl Au LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
557. [ ] Acer negundo L. (Syn: Acer negundo L. var. interius (Britton) Sarg. , Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench ) Box Elder Maple. Au LkM NTM STM Tuck
558. [ ] Acer platanoides L. (Syn: Acer platanoides L. var. schwedleri K. Koch ) Norway Maple. Au
559. [ ] Acer saccharinum L. Silver Maple. NTM

560. Saxifragaceae
561. [ ] Heuchera bracteata (Torr.) Ser. Bracted Alumroot. LkM
562. [ ] Heuchera parvifolia Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray. Littleleaf Alumroot. NTM NTMP STM
563. [ ] Micranthes rhomboidea (Greene) Small. (Syn: Saxifraga rhomboidea Greene ) Diamondleaf Saxifrage. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM STM

564. Scrophulariaceae
565. [ ] Limosella aquatica L. Water Mudwort. NTM NTMP STM
566. [ ] Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh. Lanceleaf Figwort. ApexPkR Au KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
567. [ ] Verbascum blattaria L. Moth Mullein. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. SvyFld
568. [ ] Verbascum phlomoides L. Orange Mullien. ApexGl HSq
569. [ ] Verbascum thapsus L. Common Mullein. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. ApexGl ApexPkR DkR MMtn NTM NWash STM

570. Solanaceae
571. [ ] Datura wrightii Regel. Sacred Datura. Au
572. [ ] Physalis hederifolia A. Gray var. comata (Rydb.) Waterfall. Ivy-Leaved Ground Cherry. NTM NTMP STM
573. [ ] Physalis hispida (Waterf.) Cronquist. Prairie Ground Cherry. STM
574. [ ] Physalis virginiana Mill. Virginia Ground Cherry. NTM STM
575. [ ] Quincula lobata (Torr.) Raf. (Syn: Physalis lobata Torr. ) Chinese Lantern. Au
576. [ ] Solanum dulcamara L. Climbing Nightshade. KRun
577. [ ] Solanum physalifolium Rusby. Hoe Nightshade. Au HSq
578. [ ] Solanum rostratum Dunal. Buffalo Bur Nightshade. Au NTM STM
579. [ ] Solanum triflorum Nutt. Cutleaf Nightshade. Au HSq

580. Ulmaceae
581. [ ] Ulmus . Elm. NTM
582. [ ] Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Chinese Elm. NTM
583. [ ] Ulmus pumila L. Siberian Elm. DkR NTM STM

584. Urticaceae
585. [ ] Parietaria pensylvanica Willd. Pennsylvania Pellitory. Au STM

586. Verbenaceae
587. [ ] Glandularia tenera (Spreng.) Cabrera. (Syn: Verbena pulchella Sweet ) NTM
588. [ ] Phyla cuneifolia (Torr.) Greene. Wedgeleaf. STM
589. [ ] Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. Large Bract Vervain. Au HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM
590. [ ] Verbena hastata L. Swamp Verbena. Au

591. Violaceae
592. [ ] Hybanthus verticillatus (Ortega) Baill. Baby Slippers. NTM STM
593. [ ] Viola canadensis L. (Syn: Viola rydbergii Greene , Viola scopulorum (A. Gray) Greene ) Canadian White Violet. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM STM
594. [ ] Viola nuttallii Pursh. Nuttall's Violet. ApexPkR Au DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
595. [ ] Viola odorata L. Common Sweet Violet. Au
596. [ ] Viola pedatifida G. Don. Prairie Violet. LkM

597. Viscaceae
598. [ ] Arceuthobium vaginatum (Willd.) J. Presl var. cryptopodium (Engelm.) Cronquist. Pineland Dwarf Mistletoe. LkM

599. Vitaceae
600. [ ] Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. (Syn: Parthenocissus inserta (A.Kern.) Fritsch ) Virginia Creeper. NTM NTMP
601. [ ] Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchcock. Woodbine, thicket creeper. NWash
602. [ ] Vitis riparia Michx. Riverbank Grape. NTM STM

603. Zygophyllaceae
604. [ ] Tribulus terrestris L. Puncture Vine. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au HSq NTMP STM

605. Agavaceae
606. [ ] Yucca glauca Torr. Soapweed Yucca. DkR MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM

607. Alliaceae
608. [ ] Allium cernuum Roth. Nodding Onion. NTMP STM SvyFld Windy
609. [ ] Allium textile A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr. Textile Onion. ApexPkR Au Chim DkR Eage KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM

610. Anthericeae

Leucocrinum. Sand Lily

APG3 treats Leucocrinum in the Anthericum group of the Agavoidae subfamily of the Asparagaceae, which it then describes as a “ … highly unsatisfactory family.” The Plant List also uses Asparagaceae. FNANM, USDA Plants, and W&W(2012) retain Leucocrinum in Liliaceae. TJM2 (2102) refers it to Agavaceae. Snow (2009) places Leucocrinum in Anthericaceae, along with Echeandria.


611. [ ] Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray. Star Lily. ApexPkR Au LkM MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld

612. Araceae
613. [ ] Lemna minor L. Common Duckweed. Tuck

614. Asparagaceae
615. [ ] Asparagus officinalis L. Asparagus. NTM NTMP STM TinC

616. Commelinaceae
617. [ ] Tradescantia occidentalis (Britton) Smyth. Prairie Spiderwort. ApexPkR DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld

618. Cyperaceae
619. [ ] Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack. Shortbeak Sedge. ClrCkCyn NTMP STM SvyFld
620. [ ] Carex deweyana Schwein. Dewey sedge. LkM
621. [ ] Carex douglasii Boott. Douglas Sedge. NTM
622. [ ] Carex duriuscula C.A. Mey. (Syn: Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. , Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. ssp. eleocharis (L. H. Bailey) Hultén ) Needleleaf Sedge. NTM STM
623. [ ] Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. (Syn: C. pensylvanica Lam. ssp. heliophila (Mack.) W. A. Weber ) Sun Sedge. Au LZ MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
624. [ ] Carex nebrascensis Dewey. Nebraska Sedge. Au ClrCkCyn HSq NTM STM
625. [ ] Carex occidentalis L. H. Bailey. Western Sedge. NTM
626. [ ] Carex praegracilis W. Boott. Clustered Field-Sedge. NTMP RamRes STM
627. [ ] Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. Saw Beaked Sedge. ApexGl
628. [ ] Cyperus squarrosus L. (Syn: Cyperus aristatus Rottb. ) Bearded Flatsedge. STM
629. [ ] Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. Needle Spikerush. NTM
630. [ ] Eleocharis compressa Sull. (Syn: Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. compressa (Sull.) Drapalik & Mohlenbr. ) NTM
631. [ ] Eleocharis elliptica Kunth. Elliptic Spikerush. STM
632. [ ] Eleocharis macrostachya Britton. Common Spike-Rush. NTM
633. [ ] Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. Common Spikerush. NTMP STM
634. [ ] Eleocharis parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer. (Syn: Eleocharis coloradoensis (Britton) Gilly ) Dwarf Spikerush. NTM
635. [ ] Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volkart ex Schinz & R. Keller. (Syn: Scirpus americanus Pers. ) Chairmaker's Bulrush. NTM
636. [ ] Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus lacustris L ) Lakeshore Bulrush. NTM
637. [ ] Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus pungens Vahl ) Threesquare. Au
638. [ ] Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus lacustris L. var. validus (Vahl) Kük. , Scirpus validus Vahl ) Softstem Bulrush. KRun NTM
639. [ ] Scirpus pallidus (Britt.) Fern. Cloaked Bulrush. Au KRun STM SvyFld

640. Iridaceae
641. [ ] Iris L. Horticultural Iris. NWash
642. [ ] Sisyrinchium montanum Greene. Rocky Mountain Blue-Eyed Grass. LkM NTMP

643. Juncaceae
644. [ ] Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. Arctic Rush. NTMP STM
645. [ ] Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. var. balticus (Willdenow) Trautvetter. (Syn: Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. ssp. ater (Rydb.) Hultén , Juncus ater Rydb. , Juncus balticus Willd. , Juncus balticus Willd. ssp. ater (Rydb.) Snogerup , J. balticus Willd. var. montanus Engelm. ) Arctic Rush. NTM
646. [ ] Juncus bufonius L. Toad Rush. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
647. [ ] Juncus compressus Jacq. Roundfruit Rush. STM
648. [ ] Juncus interior Wiegand. Inland Rush. NTM NTMP STM
649. [ ] Juncus torreyi Coville. Torrey's Rush. STM

650. Liliaceae
651. [ ] Calochortus gunnisonii S. Watson. Gunnison's Mariposa Lily. ApexPkR Eage LkM NTM STM TinC
652. [ ] Lilium philadelphicum L. (Syn: Lilium montanum A. Nelson ) Wood Lily. LkM
653. [ ] Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. Common Grape Hyacinth. Au MMtn NTMP NWash Tuck
654. [ ] Narcissus L. Horticultural Daffodil. NWash
655. [ ] Prosartes trachycarpa S. Watson. (Syn: Disporum trachycarpum (S. Watson) Benth. & Hook. f. ) Roughfruit Fairybells. LkM

656. Melanthiaceae
657. [ ] Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson var. gramineus (Rydb.) Ackerfield. (Syn: Zigadenus gramineus Rydb. ) Grassy Death Camas. KRun NTMP TinC
658. [ ] Zigadenus venenosus S. Watson. (Syn: Toxicoscordion venenosum (S. Watson) Rydb. ) (=Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson) Meadow Death Camas. LkM NTM STM

659. Orchidaceae
660. [ ] Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes. Fairy Slipper. Au LkM
661. [ ] Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. (Syn: Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. ssp. bracteatum (Muhl.) Hultén , Dactylorhiza viridis (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase ) Longbract Frog Orchid. Au LkM
662. [ ] Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. Summer Coralroot. Au LkM Xmas
663. [ ] Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens O. W. Knight. (Syn: Cypripedium calceolus L. var. parviflorum (Salisb.) Hultén ) Greater Yellow Lady's Slipper. LkM
664. [ ] Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. Western Rattlesnake Plantain. ApexGl Au Dead LkM
665. [ ] Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak. Northern Green Orchid. ClrCkCyn
666. [ ] Spiranthes diluvialis Sheviak. Ute Lady's Tresses. Au
667. [ ] Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. Hooded Lady's Tresses. Au

668. Poaceae
669. [ ] Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa hymenoides Roem. & Schult. ) Indian Rice Grass. NTM STM
670. [ ] Achnatherum robustum (Vasey) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa robusta (Vasey) Scribn. ) Sleepygrass. HSq MtV NTM NTMP STM
671. [ ] Achnatherum scribneri (Vasey) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa scribneri Vasey ) NTM
672. [ ] Aegilops cylindrica Host. (Syn: Cylindropyrum cylindricum (Host) Á.Löve ) Jointed Goat Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
673. [ ] Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. Crested Wheat Grass. Au NTM NWash STM
674. [ ] Agrostis gigantea Roth. (Syn: Agrostis alba L. ) Redtop. MMtn NTMP
675. [ ] Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. Shortawn Foxtail. NTM NTMP
676. [ ] Alopecurus arundinaceus Poir. Creeping Reed Foxtail. Tuck
677. [ ] Alopecurus geniculatus L. Water Foxtail. NTMP
678. [ ] Andropogon gerardii Vitman. Big Bluestem. Au HSq NTM NWash STM
679. [ ] Aristida purpurea Nutt. Purple Threeawn. Au NTMP
680. [ ] Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey. (Syn: Aristida longiseta Steud. ) Purple Threeawn. HSq NTM NTMP STM Windy
681. [ ] Arundo donax L. Giant Reed. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. Au
682. [ ] Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Sideoats Grama. Au HSq NTM STM Windy
683. [ ] Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. (Syn: Chondrosum gracile Kunth ) Blue Grama. HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM Windy
684. [ ] Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. (Syn: Ceratochloa carinata (Hook. & Arn.) Tutin ) California Brome. Au NWash
685. [ ] Bromus inermis Leyss. (Syn: B. inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis ) Smooth Brome. Au KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
686. [ ] Bromus japonicus Thunb. Japanese Cheat Grass. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM
687. [ ] Bromus lanatipes (Shear) Rydb. (Syn: Bromopsis lanatipes (Shear) Holub ) Wooly Brome. Au
688. [ ] Bromus polyanthus Scribn. ex Shear. Great Basin Brome. NTM
689. [ ] Bromus tectorum L. (Syn: B. tectorum L. var. glabratus Spenn. ) Cheat Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC WelchD
690. [ ] Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm. (Syn: Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) J.T. Columbus ) Buffalo Grass. NTM NTMP NWash STM
691. [ ] Dactylis glomerata L. Orchard Grass. Au DkR KRun NTMP NWash WelchD
692. [ ] Danthonia spicata (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. Poverty Oatgrass. HSq
693. [ ] Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Red-hair Crab-grass. STM
694. [ ] Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Barnyardgrass. HSq NTM
695. [ ] Echinochloa muricata (P. Beauv.) Fernald var. microstachya Wiegand. Rough Barnyardgrass. Au STM
696. [ ] Elymus albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve. (Syn: Agropyron albicans Scribn. & J.G.Sm. ) NTM
697. [ ] Elymus canadensis L. Canadian Wildrye. Cress DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM
698. [ ] Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey. (Syn: Elymus longifolius (J. G. Sm.) Gould , Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J. G. Sm. ) Squirreltail Grass. Au Eage LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM
699. [ ] Elymus glaucus Buckley. NTM
700. [ ] Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J. G. Sm.) Gould. Thickspike Wheatgrass. TinC
701. [ ] Elymus repens (L.) Gould. (Syn: Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex B. D. Jacks. ) Quack Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au
702. [ ] Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinners. Slender Wheatgrass. HSq NTM NTMP STM
703. [ ] Elymus virginicus L. Virginia Wildrye. Au
704. [ ] Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. Stinkgrass. STM
705. [ ] Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees ex Steud. (Syn: Eragrostis diffusa Buckley ) Tufted Lovegrass. STM
706. [ ] Festuca idahoensis Elmer. Idaho Fescue. NWash
707. [ ] Festuca saximontana Rydb. (Syn: Festuca saximontana Rydb. var. purpusiana (St.-Yves) Fred. & Pavlick ) Rocky Mountain Fescue. HSq NWash
708. [ ] Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc. Striate Manna Grass. NTMP
709. [ ] Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. ) Needle and Thread. DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
710. [ ] Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski. Meadow Barley. Au LkM NTM
711. [ ] Hordeum jubatum L. Foxtail Barley. Au NTMP STM
712. [ ] Hordeum murinum L. (Syn: Critesion murinum (L.) Á.Löve ) Mouse Barley. Au NTM STM
713. [ ] Hordeum pusillum Nutt. (Syn: Critesion pusillum (Nutt.) Á.Löve ) Little Barley. Au NTM NTMP STM
714. [ ] Hordeum vulgare L. Common Barley. Au
715. [ ] Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult. Prairie Junegrass. Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld WelchD
716. [ ] Lagurus ovatus L. Hares Tail Grass. Au
717. [ ] Leymus triticoides (Buckley) Pilger. (Syn: Elymus triticoides Buckley ) Beardless Wildrye. SvyFld

Muhlenbergia Schreb. — Muhly

Upper glume, teeth, #3 . . . M. montana


718. [ ] Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) Parodi. Alkali Muhley. STM
719. [ ] Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. Mountain Muhly. LkM
720. [ ] Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Stern & Poggenb. Marsh Muhly. Au
721. [ ] Muhlenbergia wrightii Vasey ex J.M. Coult. Spike muhly. NTMP STM
722. [ ] Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. (Syn: Monroa s. [ortho. var.] ) False Buffalograss. NTM NTMP STM
723. [ ] Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa viridula Trin. ) Green Needlegrass. ApexPkR DkR Eage KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
724. [ ] Panicum capillare L. Witchgrass. STM
725. [ ] Panicum miliaceum L. Proso Millet. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. LkM
726. [ ] Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Á. Löve. (Syn: Agropyron smithii Rydb. ) Western Wheatgrass. HSq NTM NTMP STM
727. [ ] Phleum pratense L. Timothy. HSq NTM STM
728. [ ] Poa arida Vasey. Plains Bluegrass. Au
729. [ ] Poa bulbosa L. Bulbous Bluegrass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au NTMP SvyFld Tuck
730. [ ] Poa compressa L. Canada Bluegrass. NTM NTMP TinC
731. [ ] Poa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey. Muttongrass. NTMP
732. [ ] Poa palustris L. Fowl Bluegrass. NTM
733. [ ] Poa pratensis L. (Syn: P. agassizensis B. Boivin & D. Löve ) Kentucky Bluegrass. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
734. [ ] Poa secunda J. Presl. (Syn: P. nevadensis Vasey ex Scribn. ) Sandberg Bluegrass.. Cress HSq STM
735. [ ] Poa secunda J. Presl ssp. secunda. (Syn: P. sandbergii (Thurb.) Benth. Ex Vasey ) Sandberg Bluegrass.. NWash
736. [ ] Poa tracyi Vasey. Tracy's Bluegrass. Au
737. [ ] Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski. Russian wildrye. Au
738. [ ] Puccinellia distans (L.) Parl. European Alkali Grass. NTMP
739. [ ] Schedonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Trel. (Syn: Muhlenbergia paniculata (Nutt.) Columbus , Muhlenbergia paniculata (Nutt.) R. M. Peterson ) Tumblegrass. Au Eage STM
740. [ ] Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash. Little Bluestem. Au NTMP NWash
741. [ ] Secale cereale L. Cereal Rye. Au STM
742. [ ] Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Green Bristlegrass. STM
743. [ ] Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash. Yellow Indian Grass. Au
744. [ ] Sporobolus airoides (Torr.) Torr. (Syn: Agrostis airoides Torr. ) Alkali Sacaton. Au
745. [ ] Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Merr. (Syn: Sporobolus asper (Michx.) Kunth ) Composite Dropseed. Au STM
746. [ ] Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray. (Syn: Agrostis cryptandra Torr. ) Sand Drop-seed. HSq NTM NWash STM
747. [ ] Sporobolus heterolepis (A. Gray) A. Gray. Prairie Drop-seed. Au
748. [ ] Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey. (Syn: Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski , Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis ) Intermediate Wheatgrass. NLove NTM NWash STM
749. [ ] Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Z.-W. Liu & R.-C. Wang. (Syn: Elymus elongatus (Host) Runemark ) Rush Wheatgrass. NTM
750. [ ] Triticum aestivum L. Wheat. NWash
751. [ ] Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. (Syn: Festuca octoflora Walter , Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora ) Six Weeks Fescue. Au ClrCkCyn NTM NWash STM

752. Potamogetonaceae
753. [ ] Potamogeton nodosus Poir. Longleaf Pondweed. NTMP

754. Ruscaceae
755. [ ] Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link var. amplexicaule (Nutt.) Dorn. (Syn: Maianthemum amplexicaule (Nutt.) W. A. Weber ) Feathery False Lily of the Valley. LkM
756. [ ] Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link. (Syn: Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf. ) Starry False Lily of the Valley. Au

757. Smilacaceae
758. [ ] Smilax lasioneura Hook. Blue Ridge Carrionflower. LkM

759. Typhaceae
760. [ ] Typha angustifolia L. Narrow Leaf Cattail. STM

761. Zannichelliaceae
762. [ ] Zannichellia palustris L. Horned Pondweed. STM

Total number of taxa: 667
Native Taxa:
(serif, italic, bold)
495
Exotic Taxa:
(sans-serif, italic)
164
Nativity Undetermined:
(default font, italic)
8
Listed Weeds:
Indentified as Weed
36

Locations Included in This Area

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Date and time this article was prepared: 6/19/2020 5:35:21 PM