Plant Check List for Golden, Jefferson County, United States.

Edited by Tom Schweich

This list is assembled from personal collections, herbarium vouchers, and published lists. For California, much of the data is provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/). For Colorado, much of the data is provided by the Southwest Environmental Information Network, which web site is found at (http://swbiodiversity.org). See their respective websites for copyright information and recommended citation formats.

For a complete list of Locations included in this Area List, see the Locations Included section, below.

This page is highly summarized. For detail about the distribution of plants, please see: Detailed Area List for Golden, Jefferson County, United States.

1. Azollaceae

Azollaceae.

Sometimes placed in Salviniaceae.


2. [ ] Azolla mexicana C. Presl. Mexican Mosquito Fern. Au

3. Dryopteridaceae
4. [ ] Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. Brittle Bladderfern. LkM NTMP STM
5. [ ] Woodsia oregana D.C. Eaton ssp. cathcartiana (B.L. Rob.) Windham. Rocky Mountain Woodsia. NTM NTMP STM

6. Equisetaceae
7. [ ] Equisetum hyemale L. Tall Scouring Rush. NTM
8. [ ] Equisetum laevigatum A. Braun. Smooth Horsetail. SvyFld

9. Pteridaceae
10. [ ] Argyrochosma fendleri (Kunze) Windham. Fendler's False Cloak Fern. STM
11. [ ] Cheilanthes feei T. Moore. Slender Lipfern. STM

12. Selaginellaceae
13. [ ] Selaginella densa Rydb. Rock Spikemoss. NTM
14. [ ] Selaginella mutica D.C. Eaton ex Underw. Bluntleaf Spikemoss. ClrCkCyn
15. [ ] Selaginella underwoodii Hieron. Underwood's Spikemoss. NTM STM
16. [ ] Selaginella weatherbiana R. Tryon. Weatherby's Spike Moss. ClrCkCyn

17. Cupressaceae
18. [ ] Juniperus communis L. Common Juniper. Eage
19. [ ] Juniperus communis L. var. depressa. Common Juniper. Au SvyFld TinC
20. [ ] Juniperus scopulorum Sarg. (Syn: Sabina scopulorum Sarg.(Sarg.) Rydb. ) Rocky Mountain Juniper. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq MMtn NTM STM Windy
21. [ ] Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern Redcedar. KRun NWash

22. Pinaceae
23. [ ] Pinus ponderosa Laws. Ponderosa Pine. ApexPkR DkR MMtn NTM NTMP TinC Windy

Pseudotsuga. Douglas-Fir.

Bracts spreading, often reflexed; seed cones 4-7 cm; leaves bluish green to dark green or gray-green; Rocky Mountain region.

P. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco


24. [ ] Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco. Douglas Fir. Windy
25. [ ] Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco. (Syn: Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Mayr) Franco ) Douglas Fir. LkM NTM NTMP

26. Adoxaceae

Sambucus. Elderberry.

Not published in FNANM. Formerly placed in in Caprifoliaceae (incl. W&W) and sometimes in its own family, Sambucaceae (Snow, 2009). Placed in Adoxaceae by the Plant List (2014) and TJM2 (2012).


27. [ ] Sambucus canadensis L. American Black Elderberry. Au ClrCk

28. Amaranthaceae
29. [ ] Amaranthus albus L. Prostrate Pigweed. STM
30. [ ] Amaranthus arenicola I. M. Johnst. Sandhill Pigweed. NTMP
31. [ ] Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson. (Syn: A. graecizans L. ) Mat Amaranth. HSq STM
32. [ ] Amaranthus powellii S. Watson. Powell's Pigweed. HSq STM
33. [ ] Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. Slender Snakecotton. Au

34. Anacardiaceae
35. [ ] Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Syn: Rhus aromatica Aiton ) Squawbush. ApexPkR Dead DkR NTMP TinC
36. [ ] Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. trilobata. (Syn: Rhus aromatica Aiton var. trilobata (Nutt.) A. Gray ex S. Watson ) Skunkbush Sumac. KRun MMtn NTM NWash STM
37. [ ] Toxicodendron rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Greene. Western Poison Ivy. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn DkR NTM NTMP SvyFld

38. Apiaceae
39. [ ] Aegopodium podagraria L. Bishops Goutweed. Hdell
40. [ ] Aletes acaulis (Torr.) J.M. Coult. & Rose. Stemless Indian Parsley. Au ClrCkCyn NTM NTMP STM WelchD
41. [ ] Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville. Cut-Leaf Water Parsnip. Au
42. [ ] Conium maculatum L. Common Poison Hemlock. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au ClrCk HSq NTM STM SvyFld
43. [ ] Harbouria trachypleura (A. Gray) J.M. Coult. & Rose. (Syn: Thaspium trachypleurum A. Gray ) Whiskbroom Parsley. ApexPkR Au KRun NTM SvyFld TinC VidGl
44. [ ] Ligusticum porteri J.M. Coult. & Rose. Porter's Licorice-Root. Au
45. [ ] Lomatium orientale J.M. Coult. & Rose. Northern Idaho Biscuitroot. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn DkR HSq LkM MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy
46. [ ] Musineon divaricatum (Pursh) Raf. Leafy Wildparsley. Dead STM

47. Apocynaceae
48. [ ] Apocynum ×floribundum Greene. Dogbane. NTMP
49. [ ] Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian Hemp. Au NTM STM

50. Araliaceae
51. [ ] Aralia nudicaulis L. Wild Sarsaparilla. LkM VidGl

52. Asclepiadaceae
53. [ ] Asclepias incarnata L. Swamp Milkweed. ClrCk
54. [ ] Asclepias pumila (A. Gray) Vail. Plains Milkweed. NTM NTMP STM
55. [ ] Asclepias speciosa Torr. Showy Milkweed. Au NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC
56. [ ] Asclepias viridiflora Raf. Green Comet Milkweed. ApexPkR NTM NTMP STM

57. Asteraceae
58. [ ] Achillea millefolium L. (Syn: A. lanulosa Nutt. , A. m. L. var. alpicola (Rydb.) Garrett , A. m. L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper , A. m. L. var. occidentalis DC. ) Common Yarrow. HSq LkM NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
59. [ ] Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. Russian Knapweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. NTMP
60. [ ] Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. (Syn: Troximon glaucum Pursh ) Pale Goat-Chicory. Au NTM
61. [ ] Agoseris parviflora (Nutt.) D. Dietr. (Syn: A. glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. laciniata (D. C. Eaton) Smiley , Troximon parviflorum Nutt. ) Steppe Goat-Chicory. ApexPkR Au LkM MGal STM SvyFld

Ambrosia. Ragweed, Bur-Sage, Burrobrush

… pistillate flowers … palea bases fused, becoming a hard bur with each pistillate flower in a separate chamber, tips (occasionally not evident in flower heads) becoming hard knobs, spines, or scarious wings … (Baldwin, et al., 2012)


62. [ ] Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Syn: A. artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourt. ) Annual Ragweed. NTM STM
63. [ ] Ambrosia psilostachya DC. Western Ragweed. HSq KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
64. [ ] Ambrosia tomentosa Nutt. Ragweed. NTM
65. [ ] Ambrosia trifida L. (Syn: A. trifida L. var. trifida ) Giant Ragweed. HSq NTM STM
66. [ ] Anaphalis margaritcea (L.) Bentham & Hooker. Western Pearly Everlasting. ApexPkR NTMP
67. [ ] Antennaria parvifolia Nutt. Small-Leaf Pussytoes. ApexPkR LkM NTM STM SvyFld
68. [ ] Antennaria rosea Greene. Rosy Pussytoes. LkM NTM
69. [ ] Arctium minus Bernh. Lesser Burdock. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. ApexPkR Dead HSq
70. [ ] Arnica cordifolia Hook. Heart-Leaf Leopardbane. LkM
71. [ ] Arnica fulgens Pursh. Shining Leopardbane. Au NTM TinC

Artemisia L. — Wormwood, Mugwort, Sagebrush

Note: For some taxa, e.g., A. campestris, it is important to note presence or absence of a basal rosette when collecting.


72. [ ] Artemisia campestris L. Field Sagewort. ApexGl NTM
73. [ ] Artemisia dracunculus L. (Syn: Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov ssp. glaucis (Pall. ex Willd.) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Tarragon, Dragon Wort. ApexPkR NTM NWash STM
74. [ ] Artemisia filifolia Torr. (Syn: Oligosporus filifolius (Torrey) Poljakov ) NTM
75. [ ] Artemisia frigida Willd. Prairie Sagewort. ApexGl Au DkR HSq MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM
76. [ ] Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Silver Wormwood. ApexGl AuRes DkR HSq MMtn NTM NWash STM
77. [ ] Bahia dissecta (A. Gray) Britton. (Syn: Amauriopsis dissecta (A. Gray) Rydberg ) Raglead Bahia. Au
78. [ ] Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt. Arrow-Leaf Balsamroot. TinC
79. [ ] Brickellia californica (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray. California Brickelbush. NTM NTMP STM
80. [ ] Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners. False Boneset. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM
81. [ ] Brickellia grandiflora (Hook.) Nutt. Tasselflower Brickellbush. HSq
82. [ ] Carduus nutans L. (Syn: Carduus nutans L. ssp. macrolepis (Peterman) Kazmi ) Nodding Plumeless Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. KRun NTM NWash STM TinC
83. [ ] Carthamus lanatus L. Wooly Distaff Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: Watch. STM
84. [ ] Centaurea diffusa Lam. (Syn: Acosta diffusa (Lam.) Soja' k ) White Knapweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR MMtn NTMP NWash STM
85. [ ] Centaurea stoebe L. (Syn: Acosta maculosa (L.) Holub , Centaurea maculosa Lam. , Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. australis (Pancic ex A.Kern.) Greuter , Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek ) Weed: CO DofA, List: B. MtV
86. [ ] Cichorium intybus L. Chicory. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. NTM
87. [ ] Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Syn: Breea arvensis (L.) Lessing ) Canada Thistle. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Dead NWash STM SvyFld
88. [ ] Cirsium ochrocentrum A. Gray. Yellowspine Thistle. Au
89. [ ] Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. Wavy Leaved Thistle. Au DkR HSq NTM NWash STM SvyFld
90. [ ] Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist. (Syn: Erigeron canadensis (L.) Cronquist ) Canadian Horseweed. Au HSq STM
91. [ ] Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. Golden Tickseed. STM
92. [ ] Crepis occidentalis Nutt. (Syn: Psilochenia occidentalis (Nutt.) Nutt. ) Largeflower Hawksbeard. Au NTM STM SvyFld
93. [ ] Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (Nutt.) Fresen. (Syn: Iva xanthiifolia Nutt. ) Carelessweed. Au Dead HSq STM
94. [ ] Dieteria bigelovii (A. Gray) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman. (Syn: Machaeranthera b. (A. Gray) Greene ) Bigelow's Tansy Aster. ApexGl STM TinC
95. [ ] Dieteria canescens (Pursh) A. Gray. (Syn: Machaeranthera c. (Pursh) A. Gray ) Hoary Tansyaster. Au
96. [ ] Dyssodia papposa (Vent.) Hitchc. Fetid Marigold. NTMP STM
97. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G. I. Nesom & G. I. Baird. (Syn: Chrysocoma nauseosa Pall. Ex Pursh , Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.ex Pursh) Britton ) Rubber Rabbitbush. Au ClrCkCyn NTM
98. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. graveolens (Nutt.) Reveal & Schuyler. (Syn: Chrysocoma dracunculoides Pursh [misapplied] , Chrysocoma graveolens Nutt. , Chrysothamnus graveolens (Nutt.) Greene , Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.) Britton ssp. graveolens (Nutt.) Piper , E. n. (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. glabrata (Gray) G.L. Nesom & Baird ) ApexPkR Au HSq KRun MMtn NWash STM
99. [ ] Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G. I. Nesom & G. I. Baird var. nauseosa. (Syn: Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall.ex Pursh) Britton ssp. nauseosus ) Rubber Rabbitbush. Au Eage KRun STM

Erigeron L. — Fleabane; Daisy

1a. Leaves 1-4 times ternately or palmately dissected into linear segments; plants with a stout, branching caudex … E. compositus

1b. Leaves entire or coarsely toothed, sometimes with a few leaves 3-lobed to pinnatifid, mostly basal or not … 2

2a. Pappus of the ray and disk flowers unlike, that of the disk flowers of long bristles and short outer setae, that of the ray flowers only of short setae and lacking long bristles; heads small (the involucre 2-5 mm. high and 5-12 mm. wide), several to numerous in an open wide-branching corymbiform cluster; rays white … E. strigosus var. strigosus

2b. Pappus of the ray and disk flowers alike; heads and rays various, usually not in an open, wide-branching corymbiform cluster … 3

3a. Stems with appressed or ascending hairs (at above the middle), not glandular; at least some branches from the lower half of the main stems developing into long, trailing leafy stoloniferous branches … E. flagellaris

3b. Stems with spreading or tangled (pointing in all directions) hairs or mostly glandular; branches developing into stoloniferous branches or not … 4

4a. Leaves more or less densely glandular, or occasionally obscurely so and the leaves stiffly ciliate, mostly or all basal with a few linear linear, reduced stem leaves present; stems glandular and also hirsute with spreading hairs (or at least above); rays usually purple or blue … E. vetensis

4b. Leaves variously hairy to glabrate, if glandular then only the upper stem leaves glandular; stems variously hairy to glabrate, or sometimes glandular or viscid under the heads; rays various … 5

5a. Leaves and stems densely pubescent with spreading, hirsute hairs mostly 1 mm. long, especially on the petioles, leaves mostly less than 3 mm. wide; heads more or less hemispheric; rays only white; outer pappus of inconspicuous bristles … E. pumilis

5b. Leaves and stems unlike the above in all respects; heads and rays various … 6

6a. Branches from the lower half of the main stems often developing into long, trailing leafy stoloniferous branches; basal leaves usually present at flowering time … E. tracyi

6b. Stems usually erect and without leafy stoloniferous branches, often branched above the middle; basal leaves usually withered and not present at flowering time … E. divergens

Key abstracted mostly from Ackerfield (2015).
100. [ ] Erigeron compositus Pursh. (Syn: Erigeron compositus Pursh var. discoideus A. Gray , Erigeron compositus Pursh var. glabratus Macoun ) Cutleaf Daisy. LkM
101. [ ] Erigeron divergens Torr. & A. Gray. Spreading Fleabane. ApexPkR DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM VidGl
102. [ ] Erigeron flagellaris A. Gray. Trailing Fleabane. KRun MtV NTMP SvyFld
103. [ ] Erigeron pumilus Nutt. Shaggy Fleabane. Eage STM
104. [ ] Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd. (Syn: Stenactis strigosa (Muhl. ex Willd.) DC. ) Prairie Fleabane. Au
105. [ ] Erigeron tracyi Greene. (Syn: Erigeron cinereus A. Gray , Erigeron colomexicanus A. Nelson , Erigeron divergens Torrey & A. Gray var. cinereus A. Gray ) Running Fleabane. ApexPkR Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
106. [ ] Erigeron vetensis Rydb. Early Bluetop Fleabane. Au LkM
107. [ ] Gaillardia aristata Pursh. Blanketflower. Au Dead LkM NTM NWash STM SvyFld
108. [ ] Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Gallant Soldier. Au
109. [ ] Gnaphalium uliginosum L. Marsh Cudweed. STM

Grindelia Willd. — Gumweed

Note: It is important to note presence or absence of a basal rosette when collecting.


110. [ ] Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal. Curlycup Gumweed. ApexPkR DkR KRun NTM NTMP STM
111. [ ] Grindelia subalpina Greene. Subalpine Gumweed. STM
112. [ ] Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby. Broom Snakeweed. ApexPkR Au DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
113. [ ] Helianthus annuus L. Common Sunflower. HSq LkM NTM STM
114. [ ] Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray. Nuttall's Sunflower. Au
115. [ ] Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O. Spring & E. Schilling. (Syn: Helianthus rigidus (Cass.) Desf. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) Heiser , Helianthus subrhomboideus Rydb. ) Stiff Sunflower. LkM NTMP
116. [ ] Helianthus pumilus Nutt. Little Sunflower. Au Dead DkR HSq MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
117. [ ] Heliomeris multiflora Nutt. (Syn: Viguiera multiflora (Nutt.) S. F. Blake ) Showy Golden Eye. ApexGl Au LkM
118. [ ] Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners. (Syn: Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. foliosa (Nutt.) V.L. Harms ) Hairy False Goldenaster. STM
119. [ ] Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners. (Syn: H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. nana (A. Gray) Semple , H. v. (Pursh) Shinners var. villosa ) Hairy False Goldenaster. All infra-specific taxa treated here as synonyms. Au AuRes ClrCkCyn DkR HSq KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC Tuck
120. [ ] Hymenopappus filifolius Hook. var. polycephalus (Osterh.) B.L. Turner. Many-Headed Fine-Leaved Wooly-White. Dead DkR HSq KRun NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
121. [ ] Lactuca serriola L. Prickly Lettuce. HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM
122. [ ] Liatris ligulistylis (A. Nelson) K. Schum. Northern Plains Gayfeather. LkMPk
123. [ ] Liatris punctata Hook. Dotted Blazing Star. ApexPkR Au AuRes DkR HSq LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM
124. [ ] Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh) D. Don ex Hooker. Rush Skeletonplant. NTM STM
125. [ ] Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) G. Don in R. Sweet. (Syn: Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A.Mey. , Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A.Mey. var. pulchella (Pursh) Breitung ) Blue Lettuce. Au
126. [ ] Nothocalais cuspidata (Pursh) Greene. Prairie False Dandelion. ApexPkR NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
127. [ ] Onopordum acanthium L. Scotch Cottonthistle. DkR
128. [ ] Packera fendleri (A. Gray) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio fendleri A. Gray ) Fendler"s Ragwort. Au NTM NTMP STM
129. [ ] Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio plattensis (Packera) Nutt. ) Prairie Groundsel. Dead NTM NWash SvyFld
130. [ ] Packera tridenticulata (Rydb.) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve. (Syn: Senecio tridenticulatus Rydb. ) Three-Tooth Ragwort. Au NWash
131. [ ] Picradeniopsis oppositifolia (Nutt.) Rydb. ex Britton. (Syn: Bahia oppositifolia (Nutt.) A. Gray ) Opposite Leaf Bahia. Au STM
132. [ ] Prenanthes racemosa Michx. (Syn: Nabalus racemosus (Michx.) Hook. , Prenanthes racemosa Michx. var. multiflora (Cronquist) Dorn ) Purple Rattlesnake Root. Au LkM
133. [ ] Pseudognaphalium canescens (DC.) Anderberg. (Syn: P. canescens (DC.) W. A. Weber [illeg.] ) Wright's Rabbit-Tobacco.. Au DkR NTMP
134. [ ] Pseudognaphalium macounii (Greene) Kartesz. Macoun’s Rabbit-Tobacco. LkMN
135. [ ] Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl. (Syn: Rudbeckia columnifera Nutt. ) Upright Prairie Coneflower. Au Eage KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld WAsh
136. [ ] Scorzonera laciniata L. (Syn: Podospermum laciniatum (L.) De Candolle ) Cutleaf Vipergrass. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn NTM NWash STM
137. [ ] Senecio eremophilus Richardson var. kingii (Rydb.) Greenm. NTMP
138. [ ] Senecio integerrimus Nutt. Columbia Ragwort. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy
139. [ ] Senecio riddellii (Torr. & A. Gray) Greenm. ex L.O. Williams. Riddell's Ragwort. HSq
140. [ ] Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Senecio multicapitatus Greenm. ex Rydb. ) Broomlike Ragwort. ApexPkR NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
141. [ ] Senecio wootonii Greene. Wooton's Ragwort. Au

Solidago L. - Goldenrod

Perennial herbs; leaves alternate, simple; heads radiate; involucre bracts imbricate in several series or not much imbricate, more or less chartaceous at the base with green tips; receptacle naked; disk flowers yellow; ray flowers white; pappus of capillary bristles; achenes subterete or angled, short-pubescent to glabrous. (Croat, 1972; Nesom, 1993, 1999; Taylor &Taylor 1983; 1984)

1a. Involucre bracts with 3-5 parallel veins; heads in a flat-topped corymbiform inflorescence; plants densely pubescent with short, spreading hairs; leaves uninerved, elliptic-oblong to broadly ovate, Clear Creek Canyon, Ranson/Edwards ... S. rigida var. humilis

1b. Involucre bracts without parallel veins; heads in a paniculate or thyrsiform inflorescence; plants variously pubescent but usually not densely so with short, spreading hairs; leaves often trinerved, variously shaped ... 2

2a. Leaves glabrous or with ciliate leaf margins; stems glabrous or occasionally minutely hairy above or in the inflorescence... 3

2b. Leaves puberulent to hirsute (at least below), the margins ciliate or not; stems evenly short-hairy to hirsute, sometimes glabrate toward the base ... 6

3a. Leaves mostly 3-nerved (the middle nerve the strongest with 2 fainter lateral nerves from the leaf base, sometimes just the upper uninerved), narrowly elliptic to lanceolate or broadly linear ... 4

3b. Leaves uninerved, at least the lower oblanceolate to obovate or ovate to broadly lanceolate ... 5

4a. Leaf margins sharply serrate for at least 1/2 the length of the leaf; plants (5) 10-15 dm or more tall; achenes short-hairy, Wet soil Apex Gulch ... S. gigantea

4b. Leaf margins entire or (especially those of the lower leaves) remotely toothed (on the upper 1/3 of the leaf or less), rarely toothed for 1/2 of the margin or more; plants generally shorter, 1.5-9 dm; achenes glabrous or occasionally sparsely hairy, commonly collected around Golden, Ranson/Edwards ... S. missouriensis

5a. Lower and basal leaves oblanceolate to spatulate or obovate; disk flowers 8-17 (25); achenes hairy, Apex Gl., Lookout Mtn ... S. simplex var. simplex

5b. Lower and basal leaves ovate to broadly lanceolate or oblong; disk flowers usually 4 or 5 but rarely up to 11; achenes glabrous, North Table(?), Ranson/Edwards ... S. speciosa var. pallida

6a. Basal leaves well-developed and present at flowering time, the stem leaves smaller than the basal and progre reduced in size upward (note that specimens collected late in the season may have withered basal leaves) ... 7

6b. Leaves mainly all cauline without well-developed basal leaves present at flowering time, these not greatly reduced in size upward ... 8

7a. Disk flowers 8-20, greater than the number of ray flowers, commonly collected around Golden, Ranson/Edwards ... S. nana

7b. Disk flowers 3-6 (9), fewer than or equal to the number of ray flowers, Lookout Mountain ... S. nemoralis var. decemflora

8a. Leaves 1-nerved or rarely obscurely 3-nerved, the margins mostly entire; involucre bracts not viscid with granular or minutely stipitate glands ... S. nemoralis var. decemflora

8b. Leaves 3-nerved, rarely obscurely so, the margins serrate to irregularly toothed (at least remotely so); most leaves sharply serrate for 1/2 of the margin or more, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate; ray flowers mostly 13, ranging from (5) 10-18, cultivated, South Table ... S. canadensis

Abstracted from Ackerfield (2015) for taxa found in Golden and vicinity.
142. [ ] Solidago canadensis L. Canada Goldenrod. Au Dead STM
143. [ ] Solidago gigantea Aiton. Giant Goldenrod. ApexGl
144. [ ] Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Missouri Goldenrod. ApexPkR KRun NTMP NWash STM
145. [ ] Solidago nana Nutt. Baby Goldenrod. Eage HSq NTM NWash STM
146. [ ] Solidago nemoralis Aiton ssp. decemflora (de Candolle) Brammall ex Semple. Gray Goldenrod. LkM
147. [ ] Solidago rigida L. var. humilis Porter. Stiff Goldenrod. ClrCkCyn
148. [ ] Solidago simplex Kunth. Sticky Goldenrod. HSq LkM
149. [ ] Solidago speciosa Nutt. Showy Goldenrod. NTM
150. [ ] Sonchus asper (L.) Hill. Spiny Sowthistle. Au
151. [ ] Sonchus oleraceus L. Common Sow-Thistle. KRun
152. [ ] Stephanomeria pauciflora (Torr.) A. Nelson. Brownplume Wirelettuce. NTMP STM
153. [ ] Symphyotrichum ericoides (Linnaeus) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Virgulus ericoides (Linnaeus) Reveal & Keener ) White Heath Aster. Au
154. [ ] Symphyotrichum falcatum (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster falcatus Lindl. ) White Prairie Aster. Au HSq NTM NWash STM TinC
155. [ ] Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve. Smooth Blue Aster. Dead
156. [ ] Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve var. geyeri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom. Smooth Blue Aster. AuRes LkM
157. [ ] Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.) G. L. Nesom ssp. hesperium (A. Gray) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster lanceolatus Willd. ssp. hesperius (A. Gray) Semple & J. Chmielewski ) Western Lance-Leaved Aster. Au HSq STM
158. [ ] Symphyotrichum porteri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Aster porteri A. Gray ) Smooth White Aster. Endemic (CO, NM, WY) HSq LkM NTM NWash STM TinC
159. [ ] Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. (Syn: T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC. ) Common Dandelion. ApexPkR KRun MMtn NTM NWash STM SvyFld
160. [ ] Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze. Hopi Tea Greenthread. Cress NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
161. [ ] Townsendia . Townsend Daisy. NTM
162. [ ] Townsendia exscapa (Richards.) Porter. Stemless Townsend Daisy. Chim MMtn
163. [ ] Townsendia grandiflora Nutt. Largeflower Townsend Daisy. Au Eage LkM NTM NTMP STM Windy
164. [ ] Townsendia hookeri Beaman. Hooker's Townsend Daisy. Dead MtV STM SvyFld
165. [ ] Tragopogon dubius Scop. (Syn: Tragopogon dubius Scop. ssp. major (Jacq.) Vollman ) Yellow Salsify. DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
166. [ ] Troximon pubescens (Rydb.) A. Nels. Au
167. [ ] Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex A. Gray. (Syn: Ximenesia encelioides Cav. ) Golden Crownbeard. Cowpen Daisy.. Au NTMP STM
168. [ ] Xanthisma spinulosum (Pursh) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartm. (Syn: Machaeranthera pinnatifida (Hook.) Shinners ) Spiny Goldenweed. ApexPkR Eage STM
169. [ ] Xanthium strumarium L. Common Cocklebur. Au HSq STM

170. Berberidaceae
171. [ ] Berberis repens Lindl. (Syn: Mahonia repens (Lindl.) G. Don ) Creeping Barberry. ApexGl KRun LkM NTM NTMP SvyFld Windy

172. Betulaceae
173. [ ] Betula occidentalis Hook. (Syn: Betula fontinalis Sarg. ) Water Birch. Au
174. [ ] Carpinus betulus L. European hornbeam. Au
175. [ ] Corylus cornuta Marshall. (Syn: Corylus cornuta Marshall var. cornuta ) Beaked Hazelnut. HSq NTMP

176. Boraginaceae
177. [ ] Cryptantha virgata (Porter) Payson. (Syn: Oreocarya virgata (Porter) Greene ) Miner"s Candle. Endemic (CO, WY) Au LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
178. [ ] Cynoglossum officinale L. Gypsyflower. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexPkR KRun MMtn NTM STM SvyFld TinC WelchD
179. [ ] Ellisia nyctelea (L.) L. Aunt Lucy. ApexGl NTMP
180. [ ] Heliotropium curassavicum L. Seaside Heliotrope. NTMP
181. [ ] Hydrophyllum fendleri (A. Gray) A. Heller. NTM SvyFld
182. [ ] Lappula occidentalis (S. Watson) Greene. (Syn: Lappula redowskii (Hornem.) Greene ) Flatspine Stickseed. Treated by some as a synonym of L. redowski (Hornem.) Greene. Au DkR HSq KRun NTM STM Tuck
183. [ ] Lappula occidentalis (S. Watson) Greene var. cupulata (A. Gray) Higgins. (Syn: Lappula redowskii (Hornem.) Greene var. cupulata (A. Gray) M. E. Jones ) Crowned Stickseed. NTMP TinC
184. [ ] Lithospermum arvense L. (Syn: Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I. M. Johnst. ) Corn Gromwell. KRun
185. [ ] Lithospermum incisum Lehm. Narrowleaf Stoneseed. ApexPkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
186. [ ] Lithospermum occidentale (Mack.) Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes. (Syn: Onosmodium bejariense DC. ex A. DC. var. occidentale (Mack.) B. L. Turner , Onosmodium molle Michx. ) Western Gromwell nee Marbleseed. ApexPkR NTM STM SvyFld
187. [ ] Mertensia lanceolata (Pursh) DC. Prairie Bluebells. ApexPkR Au KRun LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
188. [ ] Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm. Silverleaf Phacelia. Au
189. [ ] Phacelia heterophylla Pursh. Varileaf Phacelia. NTM NTMP STM
190. [ ] Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnst. var. hispidulus (Greene) Dorn. (Syn: Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnst. var. penicillata (Greene) Löve ) Scouler's popcornflower. NTMP STM

191. Brassicaceae
192. [ ] Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L. Eage NTM
193. [ ] Alyssum simplex Rudolphi. (Syn: Alyssum minus Rothm. , Alyssum parviflorum Fisch. ex M.Bieb. ) European Madwort. ApexPkR Au DkR MGal MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
194. [ ] Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins var. pycnocarpa. (Syn: Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. , Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. pycnocarpa (M. Hopkins) Rollins ) Cream Flower Rockcress. NTMP STM TinC
195. [ ] Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. Garden Yellowrocket. KRun NTM STM SvyFld
196. [ ] Berteroa incana (L.) DC. Hoary Alyssum. ApexGl Tuck
197. [ ] Boechera fendleri (S.Watson) W.A.Weber. (Syn: Arabis fendleri (S. Watson) Greene ) Fendler's rockcress. NTMP STM
198. [ ] Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC. Little-Podded False Flax. Au Eage LkM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
199. [ ] Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Shepherd's Purse. Tuck
200. [ ] Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. Crossflower. ApexPkR Au KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM Tuck
201. [ ] Descurainia incisa (Engelm.) Britton. STM
202. [ ] Descurainia pinnata (Walter) Britton. Western Tansymustard. STM
203. [ ] Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. Tansy Mustard. Au Eage NTM
204. [ ] Draba nemorosa L. Woodland Whitlow Grass. HSq KRun STM
205. [ ] Draba reptans (Lam.) Fernald. Carolina Whitlow Grass. Au STM
206. [ ] Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC. LkM NTM
207. [ ] Erysimum capitatum (Hook.) Greene. Sanddune Wallflower. ApexPkR Au LkM MGal STM SvyFld
208. [ ] Erysimum cheiranthoides L. Wormseed Wallflower. NTM
209. [ ] Hesperis matronalis L. Dame's Rocket. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Dead WelchD
210. [ ] Lepidium campestre (L.) W. T. Aiton. Field Pepperweed. SvyFld
211. [ ] Lepidium draba L. (Syn: Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. ) White Top. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au Eage NTMP TinC
212. [ ] Lepidium latifolium L. (Syn: Cardaria latifolia (L.) Spach ) Broad-Leaved Pepper-Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au
213. [ ] Lepidium perfoliatum L. Clasping Pepperweed. NTMP
214. [ ] Lunaria annua L. Money Plant. Au
215. [ ] Nasturtium officinale R. Br. (Syn: Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek ) Watercress. ApexGl STM
216. [ ] Noccaea fendleri (A. Gray) Holub. Windy
217. [ ] Noccaea fendleri (A. Gray) Holub ssp. glauca (A. Nelson) Al-Shehbaz & M. Koch. (Syn: Noccaea montana (L.) F. K. Meyer , Thlaspi montanum L. var. montanum ) 0 LkM
218. [ ] Physaria montana (A. Gray) Greene. (Syn: Lesquerella montana (A. Gray) S. Watson ) Mountain Bladderpod. ApexPkR Au DkR LkM NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC
219. [ ] Physaria vitulifera Rydb. Roundtip Twinpod. Au ClrCkCyn KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM
220. [ ] Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser. (Syn: R. islandica (Oeder ex Murray) Borbas ) Bog Yellow-Cress. HSq
221. [ ] Rorippa sinuata (Nutt.) Hitchc. Spreading Yellowcress. STM
222. [ ] Rorippa tenerrima Greene. Modoc Yellowcress. NTMP
223. [ ] Sisymbrium altissimum L. Tall Tumblemustard. ApexPkR HSq NTM NWash STM
224. [ ] Sisymbrium loeselii L. Loesel's Tumble Mustard. NTM
225. [ ] Thlaspi arvense L. Field Penny Cress. KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
226. [ ] Turritis glabra L. (Syn: Arabis glabra (L.) Bernhardi ) Tower Rockcress. ApexPkR NTM SvyFld

227. Cactaceae
228. [ ] Coryphantha missouriensis (Sweet) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Escobaria missouriensis (Sweet) D.R.Hunt ) Missouri Foxtail Cactus. Au DkR MMtn NTM NWash TinC
229. [ ] Coryphantha vivipara (Nutt.) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. , Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. var. deserti (Engelm.) D. R. Hunt , Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxb. var. rosea (Clokey) D. R. Hunt , Mamillaria vivipara (Nutt.) Haw. ) Beehive Cactus. Au NTM NWash SvyFld
230. [ ] Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. (Syn: Echinocereus chloranthus (Engelm.) J.N.Haage , Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. chloranthus (Engelm.) Backeb. ) Nylon Hedgehog Cactus. MGal MtZion NTM NTMP NWash STM
231. [ ] Opuntia (L.) Mill. Prickly Pear. NTM
232. [ ] Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm. Twistspine Pricklypear. DkR NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
233. [ ] Opuntia polyacantha Haw. Plains Pricklypear. Dead NTM NWash STM
234. [ ] Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britton & Rose. (Syn: Echinocactus simpsonii Engelm. , Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britton & Rose var. minor (Engelm.) Cockerell ) Mountain Ball Cactus. DkR NTM NTMP STM

235. Campanulaceae
236. [ ] Campanula glomerata L. Dane's Blood. NWash
237. [ ] Campanula rapunculoides L. Rampion Bellflower. Au
238. [ ] Campanula rotundifolia L. Harebell. ApexGl ClrCkCyn DkR NTM NTMP STM Windy

239. Cannabaceae
240. [ ] Celtis reticulata Torr. (Syn: Celtis laevigata Willd. var. reticulata L. D. Benson ) Net-Leaved Hackberry. DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM
241. [ ] Humulus lupulus L. Wild Hops. Dead Eage NTM

242. Caprifoliaceae
243. [ ] Lonicera morrowii A. Gray. Morrow's honeysuckle. Treated by the Plant List as a synonym of L. tatarica var. morrowii (A. Gray) Q. E. Yang, Landrein, Borosova & J. Osborne Au
244. [ ] Lonicera tatarica L. Tatarian Honeysuckle. NWash
245. [ ] Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook. Western Snowberry. NTM NTMP STM
246. [ ] Symphoricarpos rotundifolius A. Gray. (Syn: S. oreophilus A. Gray , S. rotundifolius A. Gray var. parishii (Rydb.) Dempster , S. rotundifolius A. Gray var. rotundifolius , S. vaccinioides Rydb. ) Roundleaf Snowberry. Au LkM NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
247. [ ] Viburnum lantana L. Wayfaringtree. MtZion

248. Caryophyllaceae
249. [ ] Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin. (Syn: Cerastium strictum L ) Field Chickweed. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq KRun LkM MGal MMtn NTM STM SvyFld TinC Windy
250. [ ] Cerastium brachypodum (Engelmann ex A. Gray) B. L. Robinson. (Syn: Cerastium nutans Raf. var. brachypodum Engelmann ex A. Gray ) Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed. NTM
251. [ ] Cerastium nutans Raf. Nodding Chickweed. Presence in Colorado not universally accepted. STM
252. [ ] Eremogone fendleri (A. Gray) Ikonnikov. (Syn: Arenaria fendleri A. Gray ) Fendler's Sandwort. NTM
253. [ ] Gypsophila elegans M. Bieb. Showy Baby's Breath. LkMN
254. [ ] Gypsophila paniculata L. (Syn: G. paniculata L. var. p. ) Baby's Breath. Weed: CO DofA, List: Watch. NWash
255. [ ] Holosteum umbellatum L. Jagged Chickweed. ApexPkR
256. [ ] Paronychia jamesii Torr. & A. Gray. James' Nailwort. NTM NTMP STM
257. [ ] Pseudostellaria jamesiana (Torr.) W. A. Weber & R. L. Hartm. (Syn: Stellaria jamesiana Torr. ) Tuber Starwort. ApexGl Au
258. [ ] Saponaria officinalis L. Bouncingbet. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. NTMP NWash
259. [ ] Silene antirrhina L. Sleepy Catchfly. Au STM SvyFld
260. [ ] Silene drummondii Hook. Drummond's Campion. Au
261. [ ] Stellaria media (L.) Vill. (Syn: Alsine media L. ) Common Chickweed. Au NWash

262. Chenopodiaceae
263. [ ] Atriplex canescens (Pursh.) Nutt. Four-wing Saltbush. STM
264. [ ] Atriplex hortensis L. Garden Orache. Au
265. [ ] Chenopodium album L. Lambsquarters. DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM
266. [ ] Chenopodium atrovirens Rydb. Pinyon Goosefoot. HSq
267. [ ] Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. Pitseed Goosefoot. Au STM
268. [ ] Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants. (Syn: Chenopodium b. L , Teloxys botrys (L.) Weber ) Jerusalem Oak Goosefoot. ClrCkCyn HSq STM
269. [ ] Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. (Syn: Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott , Bassia sieversiana (Pall.) W. A. Weber ) Common Red Sage. HSq
270. [ ] Salsola collina Pall. Slender Russian Thistle. ClrCkCyn
271. [ ] Salsola tragus L. (Syn: S. australis R. Brown , S. iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botschantzev ex Czerepanov , S. kali , S. kali var. tenuifolia Tausch. , S. pestifer Nels. ) Tumbleweed. Au HSq STM
272. [ ] Suckleya suckleyana (Torr.) Rydb. Poison Suckleya. Au HSq

273. Cleomaceae
274. [ ] Peritoma serrulata (Pursh) DC. (Syn: Cleome serrulata Pursh ) Rocky Mountain Beeplant. HSq NTM TGl
275. [ ] Polanisia dodecandra (Linnaeus) de Candolle ssp. trachysperma (Torrey & A. Gray) H. H. Iltis. (Syn: Polanisia trachysperma Torrey & A. Gray ) Sandyseed Clammyweed. ClrCkCyn STM

276. Convolvulaceae
277. [ ] Convolvulus arvensis L. Field Bindweed. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
278. [ ] Evolvulus nuttallianus Roem. & Schult. (Syn: E. argenteus Pursh [illeg.] , E. pilosus Nutt. ) Shaggy Dwarf Morning Glory. NWash STM

279. Cornaceae
280. [ ] Cornus sericea L. (Syn: Swida sericea (L.) Holub. ) Creek Dogwood. LkM STM

281. Crassulaceae
282. [ ] Sedum lanceolatum Torr. (Syn: Amerosedum lanceolatum (Torr.) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Spearleaf Stonecrop. MMtn NTM STM WelchD
283. [ ] Sedum stenopetalum Pursh. Wormleaf Stonecrop. STM

284. Dipsacaceae
285. [ ] Dipsacus fullonum L. Fuller's Teasel. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au NWash
286. [ ] Dipsacus laciniatus L. Cutleaf Teasel. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR HSq KRun

287. Elaeagnaceae
288. [ ] Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian Olive. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR KRun NWash STM SvyFld

289. Ericaceae
290. [ ] Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel. Bearberry. Au LkM TinC
291. [ ] Orthilia secunda (L.) House. Sidebells Wintergreen. Au
292. [ ] Pyrola asarifolia Michx. (Syn: Pyrola rotundifolia L. ssp. asarifolia (Michx.) A. Löve ) Liverleaf Wintergreen. Au ClrCkCyn LkM

293. Euphorbiaceae

Chamaesyce A. Gray — Sandmat

Chamaesyce is reduced to a subgroup of Euphorbia in FNANM. California and Colorado authors maintain its rank as a genus.


294. [ ] Chamaesyce fendleri (Torr. & A.Gray) Small. (Syn: Euphorbia fendleri Torr. & A. Gray ) Fendler's Sandmat. STM
295. [ ] Chamaesyce glyptosperma (Engelm.) Small. Ribseed Sand Mat. HSq NTMP STM
296. [ ] Euphorbia brachycera Engelm. (Syn: Tithymalus brachyceras (Engelm.) Small ) Horned Spurge. Dead STM
297. [ ] Euphorbia dentata Michx. (Syn: Euphorbia dentata Michx. var. dentata , Pointsettia dentata (Michx.) Klotzsch & Garcke ) Toothed Spurge. HSq STM
298. [ ] Euphorbia esula L. Leafy Spurge. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. DkR NTMP STM Tuck
299. [ ] Euphorbia marginata Pursh. (Syn: Agaloma marginata (Pursh) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Snow on the Mountain. Eage HSq NTM STM
300. [ ] Euphorbia myrsinites L. (Syn: Tithymalus myrsinites (L.) Hill ) Myrtle Spurge. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. ApexPkR Au KRun MtZion NTM NTMP NWash SvyFld TinC
301. [ ] Euphorbia peplus L. (Syn: Tithymalus peplus (L.) Hill ) Petty Spurge. Au KRun
302. [ ] Euphorbia spathulata Lam. (Syn: Tithymalus spathulata (Lam.) W. A. Weber ) Warty Spurge, Spoonleaf Spurge. NTM NTMP STM
303. [ ] Tragia ramosa Torr. Branched Noseburn. ApexPkR Au DkR NTM NTMP STM

304. Fabaceae
305. [ ] Astragalus agrestis Douglas ex G. Don. Purple Milkvetch. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
306. [ ] Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt. Groundplum Milkvetch. NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
307. [ ] Astragalus drummondii Dougl. ex Hook. Drummond's Milkvetch. Au Dead DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
308. [ ] Astragalus flexuosus G. Don. Flexible Milkvetch. ApexPkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
309. [ ] Astragalus laxmannii Jacq. var. robustior (Hook.) Barneby & S. L. Welsh. (Syn: Astragalus adsurgens Pall. ) Prairie Milkvetch. HSq NTM STM
310. [ ] Astragalus parryi A. Gray. Parry's Milkvetch. NTM
311. [ ] Astragalus shortianus Torr. & A.Gray. Short's Milkvetch. KRun NTM NTMP STM TinC
312. [ ] Colutea arborescens L. Bladder Senna. Cress NWash STM
313. [ ] Dalea candida Willd. White Prairie Clover. NTMP STM
314. [ ] Dalea purpurea Vent. Purple Prairie Clover. HSq NTMP SvyFld
315. [ ] Glycyrrhiza lepidota Pursh. American Licorice. Au NTM STM TinC
316. [ ] Lathyrus eucosmus Butters & H. St. John. Bush Vetchling. NTM STM
317. [ ] Lathyrus lanszwertii Kellogg var. leucanthus (Rydb.)Dorn. (Syn: Lathyrus leucanthus Rydb. ) STM
318. [ ] Lathyrus leucanthus Rydb. (=Lathyrus lanszwertii Kellogg var. leucanthus (Rydb.)Dorn) NTM
319. [ ] Lupinus argenteus Pursh. Loosely Flowered Silver Lupine. ApexPkR Cress DkR LkM NTM NTMP SvyFld
320. [ ] Lupinus argenteus Pursh var. argenteus. Loosely Flowered Silver Lupine. HSq NTMP SvyFld
321. [ ] Lupinus caudatus Kellogg var. argophyllus (A. Gray) S.L. Welsh. (=Lupinus caudatus Kellogg ssp. argophyllus (A.Gray) E.Phillips) Kellogg's Spurred Lupine. AuRes
322. [ ] Medicago lupulina L. Black Medick. NTM NTMP STM TinC
323. [ ] Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa. NWash STM
324. [ ] Melilotus albus Medik. NTM NTMP STM
325. [ ] Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Yellow Sweet Clover. Cress NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC
326. [ ] Oxytropis lambertii Pursh. Purple Locoweed. Au DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
327. [ ] Oxytropis sericea Torr. & A. Gray. White Locoweed. STM
328. [ ] Pediomelum tenuiflorum (Pursh) A. N. Egan. (Syn: Psoralea tenuiflora Pursh , Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. ) Slimflower Scurfpea. Au KRun NTM STM
329. [ ] Psoralidium lanceolatum (Pursh) Rydb. (=Ladeania lanceolata (Pursh) A. N. Egan & Reveal) Dune Scurfpea. Au
330. [ ] Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb. (=Pediomelum tenuiflorum (Pursh) A. N. Egan) Slimflower Scurfpea. Au HSq NTMP NWash
331. [ ] Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black Locust. NTM STM
332. [ ] Securigera varia (L.) Lassen. (Syn: Coronilla varia L. ) Purple Crownvetch. MtV NTM
333. [ ] Thermopsis rhombifolia (Nutt. ex Pursh) Nutt. ex Richardson var. divaricarpa (A. Nelson) Isely. (=Thermopsis divaricarpa A. Nelson) Prairie Thermopsis. LkM NTM NTMP STM TinC
334. [ ] Trifolium hybridum L. Alsike Clover. LkM
335. [ ] Vicia americana Willd. American Vetch. ApexPkR Au NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
336. [ ] Vicia ludoviciana Nutt. Louisiana Vetch. STM
337. [ ] Vicia villosa Roth. Hairy Vetch. ApexGl Au HSq NTMP STM

338. Fagaceae
339. [ ] Quercus gambelii Nutt. Gambel's oak. ApexPk Au

340. Fumariaceae
341. [ ] Corydalis aurea Willd. Scrambled Eggs. NTM NTMP STM

342. Gentianaceae
343. [ ] Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinners. (Syn: Eustoma russellianum (Hook.) Griseb. ) Showy Prairie Gentian. LkM
344. [ ] Frasera speciosa Griseb. (Syn: Swertia radiata (Kellogg) Kuntze ) Elkweed. Windy

345. Geraniaceae
346. [ ] Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton. Redstem Stork's Bill. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
347. [ ] Geranium caespitosum James. Pineywoods Geranium. ApexPkR AuRes HSq LkM NTM STM SvyFld
348. [ ] Geranium richardsonii Fisch. & Trautv. Richardson's Geranium. LkM

349. Grossulariaceae
350. [ ] Ribes aureum Pursh. Golden Currant. ApexPkR KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM Windy
351. [ ] Ribes cereum Douglas. Wax Currant. ApexPkR Au DkR Eage HSq KRun LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM SvyFld TinC Windy

352. Hydrangeaceae
353. [ ] Jamesia americana Torr. & A. Gray. Fivepetal Cliffbush. LkM STM WelchD

354. Hypericaceae
355. [ ] Hypericum perforatum L. Common St. John's Wort. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. DkR NTMP

356. Lamiaceae
357. [ ] Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt. American Dragonhead. Au
358. [ ] Lamium amplexicaule L. Henbit. NWash
359. [ ] Lycopus americanus W. P. C. Barton. American Bugleweed. HSq
360. [ ] Marrubium vulgare L. Horehound. DkR HSq NTM STM TinC
361. [ ] Mentha arvensis L. Wild Mint. ApexGl Au NTM STM
362. [ ] Mentha canadensis L. Wild Mint. Au
363. [ ] Mentha spicata L. Spearmint. NTM
364. [ ] Monarda fistulosa L. Wild Bergamot. ApexGl ApexPkR Au HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld Windy
365. [ ] Monarda pectinata Nutt. Plains Beebalm. ApexPkR NTMP STM
366. [ ] Nepeta cataria L. Catnip. ApexGl NTM STM
367. [ ] Prunella vulgaris L. Common Selfheal. NTMP
368. [ ] Salvia farinacea Benth. Mealy Sage. Dead
369. [ ] Salvia reflexa Hornemann. (Syn: S. lanceolata Rydb. [unpub.] , S. lanceolata Willd. [illeg.] , S. trichostemmoides Pursh ) Lanceleaf Sage. Au STM
370. [ ] Scutellaria brittonii Porter. Britton's Skullcap. Dead DkR HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld

371. Linaceae
372. [ ] Linum lewisii Pursh. (Syn: Adenolinum lewisii (Pursh) A. Löve & D. Löve ) Prairie Blue Flax. ApexPkR ClrCk DkR NTM NWash STM
373. [ ] Linum perenne L. (Syn: Adenolinum perenne (L.) Rchb. ) Blue Flax. NTMP STM

374. Loasaceae

Mentzelia. Blazing Star.

Weber and Wittmann (2012) treatment of Mentzelia breaks the genus up into Acrolasia, Mentzelia, and Nuttallia.
375. [ ] Mentzelia albicaulis Hook. (Syn: Acrolasia albicaulis (Douglas) Rydb. ) White-Stem Blazing Star. STM
376. [ ] Mentzelia dispersa S. Watson. (Syn: Acrolasia dispersa (S. Watson) Davidson ) Bushy Blazing Star. STM
377. [ ] Mentzelia multiflora (Nutt.) A. Gray. (Syn: Nuttallia multiflora (Nutt.) Greene ) Adonis Blazing Star. ApexGl ClrCkCyn LkM
378. [ ] Mentzelia nuda (Pursh) Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Nuttallia nuda (Pursh) Greene ) Bractless Blazing Star. Au NTM NWash
379. [ ] Mentzelia speciosa Osterh. (Syn: Nuttallia speciosa (Osterh.) Greene ) Plains Blazing Star. NTM STM

380. Lythraceae
381. [ ] Lythrum salicaria L. Purple Loosestrife. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. Au

382. Malvaceae
383. [ ] Malva neglecta Wallr. Common Mallow. NWash
384. [ ] Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Scarlet Globemallow. ApexPkR Dead Eage NTM NTMP STM SvyFld

385. Montiaceae

Claytonia. Spring Beauty.

Genus sometimes included in Portulacaceae.


386. [ ] Claytonia lanceolata Pursh. Lanceleaf Springbeauty. LkM
387. [ ] Claytonia rosea Rydb. Rocky Mountain Springbeauty. ApexGl ApexPkR LkM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
388. [ ] Phemeranthus parviflorus (Nutt.) Kiger. Sunbright. NTMP STM

389. Myrsinaceae
390. [ ] Lysimachia ciliata L. Fringed Loosestrife. ApexGl LkM

391. Nyctaginaceae
392. [ ] Abronia fragrans Nutt. Ex Hook. Snowball Sand Verbena. Au
393. [ ] Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl. (Syn: Oxybaphus linearis (Pursh) B. L. Robinson ) Narrowleaf Four O'Clock. ApexPkR ClrCkCyn HSq NTM NWash STM
394. [ ] Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill. (Syn: Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michx.) Sweet ) Heartleaf Four O'Clock. Dead KRun STM

395. Oleaceae
396. [ ] Fraxinus americana L. White Ash. NTM
397. [ ] Ligustrum vulgare L. Privet. ApexGl

398. Onagraceae
399. [ ] Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub. (Syn: Epilobium a. L , Epilobium angustifolium L var. intermedium ) Fireweed. LkM
400. [ ] Circaea alpina L. Small Enchanter's Nightshade. ApexGl
401. [ ] Epilobium brachycarpum C. Presl. Autumn Willow Herb. HSq
402. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. Fringed Willowherb. Dead HSq NTM STM
403. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. ciliatum. (Syn: E. adenocaulon Hausskn. ) Fringed Willowherb. MtV
404. [ ] Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. glandulosum (Lehm.) Hoch & P. H. Raven. (Syn: Epilobium glandulosum Lehm. ) Fringed Willowherb. NTM
405. [ ] Epilobium hirsutum L. Hairy Willowherb. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. Dead

Oenothera. Evening Primrose

See also names in Gaura.


406. [ ] Oenothera albicaulis Pursh. Whitest Evening Primrose. LkM STM
407. [ ] Oenothera biennis L. King's-Cureall. Dead
408. [ ] Oenothera brachycarpa A. Gray. Short-Fruit Evening Primrose. Au NTM STM
409. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. Tufted Evening Primrose. Au NTM STM
410. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. ssp. macroglottis (Rydb.) W.L. Wagner. Tufted Evening Primrose. Au NTMP
411. [ ] Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. ssp. marginata (Hook. & Arn.) Munz. Tufted Evening Primrose. STM
412. [ ] Oenothera coronopifolia Torr. & A. Gray. Crownleaf Evening Primrose. ClrCkCyn LkM
413. [ ] Oenothera curtiflora W.L. Wagner & Hoch. (Syn: Gaura mollis James, nom. rej. , Gaura parviflora Douglas ex Lehm. ) Velvet Butterfly-Weed. HSq NTMP STM
414. [ ] Oenothera howardii (A. Nels.) W. L. Wagner. Howard's Evening Primrose. Au ClrCk STM SvyFld
415. [ ] Oenothera nuttallii Sweet. Nuttall's Evening Primrose. Au
416. [ ] Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W. L. Wagner & Hoch. (Syn: Gaura coccinea Pursh , Gaura glabra Lehm. ) Linda Tarde. ApexPkR Au DkR Eage HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
417. [ ] Oenothera villosa Thunb. Hairy Evening Primrose. ApexGl STM

418. Orobanchaceae
419. [ ] Castilleja integra A. Gray. Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush. ApexPkR Au DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
420. [ ] Castilleja linariifolia Benth. Wyoming Indian Paintbrush. NTM
421. [ ] Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (Syn: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray ) Clustered Broomrape. Au Dead DkR Eage NTM NTMP NWash STM
422. [ ] Orobanche uniflora L. (Syn: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray , Orobanche uniflora L. var. uniflora ) Naked Broomrape. STM
423. [ ] Orthocarpus luteus Nutt. Yellow Owls Clover. ApexGl Au

424. Oxalidaceae
425. [ ] Oxalis stricta L. Common Yellow Oxalis. HSq

426. Papaveraceae
427. [ ] Argemone hispida A. Gray. Rough Prickly Poppy. MtV
428. [ ] Argemone intermedia auct. non Sweet. Au
429. [ ] Argemone polyanthemos (Fedde) G.B. Ownbey. Crested Prickly Poppy. HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
430. [ ] Papaver rhoeas L. Corn Poppy. MtV

431. Phrymaceae
432. [ ] Erythranthe floribunda (Douglas ex Lindl.) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus floribundus Lindl. ) Many Flowered Monkey Flower. NTMP STM
433. [ ] Erythranthe glabrata (Kunth) G. L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus glabratus Kunth. ) Roundleaf Monkeyflower. Au
434. [ ] Erythranthe guttata (Fisch. ex DC.) G.L. Nesom. (Syn: Mimulus guttatus DC. ) Seep Monkeyflower. NTM

435. Plantaginaceae
436. [ ] Collinsia parviflora Lindl. Maiden Blue-eyed Mary. ApexPkR NTM STM SvyFld Windy
437. [ ] Gratiola neglecta Torr. Clammy Hedge Hyssop. NTMP
438. [ ] Linaria canadensis (L.) Dum.-Cours. var. texana (Scheele) Pennell. (Syn: Nuttallanthus texanus (Scheele) D. A. Sutton ) Blue Toadflax. Au DkR
439. [ ] Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. (Syn: Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica , Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm. ) Dalmatian ToadFlax. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexPkR Chim ClrCkCyn DkR LkM NTM NWash SvyFld
440. [ ] Penstemon glaber Pursh var. glaber. Sawsepal Penstemon. ClrCkCyn
441. [ ] Penstemon secundiflorus Benth. Sidebells Penstemon. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn DkR HSq LkM NTM NWash STM
442. [ ] Penstemon strictus Benth. Rocky Mountain Penstemon. Au
443. [ ] Penstemon virens Pennell ex Rydb. Front Range Beardtongue. ApexPkR Au DkR KRun LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM TinC
444. [ ] Penstemon virgatus A. Gray var. asa-grayi (Crosswh.) Dorn. Upright Blue Beardtongue. Eage LkM NTM STM
445. [ ] Plantago patagonica Jacq. Woolly Plantain. DkR Eage NTMP STM
446. [ ] Veronica americana (Raf.) Benth. American Speedwell. ApexGl STM
447. [ ] Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Water Speedwell. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
448. [ ] Veronica arvensis L. Corn Speedwell. NTMP SvyFld
449. [ ] Veronica biloba L. (Syn: Pocilla biloba (L.) W. A. Weber ) Twolobe Speedwell. NTM
450. [ ] Veronica catenata Pennell. Speedwell. HSq STM
451. [ ] Veronica peregrina L. ssp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell. (Syn: Veronica peregrina L. var. xalapensis (Kunth) H.St.John ) Neckweed. Au NTM NTMP STM
452. [ ] Veronica serpyllifolia L. (Syn: Veronicastrum serpyllifolium (L.) Fourr. ) Bright Blue Speedwell. NTM

453. Polemoniaceae
454. [ ] Aliciella pinnatifida (Nutt. ex A.Gray) J.M.Porter. (Syn: Gilia pinnatifida Nutt. ) Sticky Gilia. HSq NTM NTMP
455. [ ] Collomia linearis Nutt. Tiny Trumpet. ApexGl HSq
456. [ ] Gilia ophthalmoides Brand. Pinyon Gilia. Au NTM
457. [ ] Gilia sinuata Benth. (Syn: Gilia inconspicua (Sm.) Sweet var. sinuata (Douglas ex Benth.) A. Gray ) Rosy Gilia. Au HSq
458. [ ] Ipomopsis aggregata (Pursh) V.E. Grant ssp. candida (Rydb.) V.E. Grant & A.D. Grant. Scarlet Gilia. Au JksnGl LkM NTM NTMP STM
459. [ ] Ipomopsis spicata (Nutt.) V.E. Grant. Spiked Ipomopsis. Au Dead STM
460. [ ] Microsteris gracilis (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene. Slender Phlox. HSq STM
461. [ ] Phlox longifolia Nutt. Longleaf Phlox. NTM
462. [ ] Phlox multiflora A. Nelson. Mountain Phlox. NTM NTMP
463. [ ] Polemonium foliosissimum A. Gray. Towering Jacob's Ladder. Au

464. Polygonaceae

Eriogonum Michx. — Wild Buckwheat

Eriogonum Michx. — Wild Buckwheat

1a. Perennials, low, spreading, cespitose or mat-forming; flowers attenuate at base, sometimes only weakly so, stipelike base not at all winged; inflorescence bracts 2-10 or sometimes more; perianths glabrous or, if pubescent, not white-tomentose ... 3. (Eriogonum subg. Oligogonum)

1b. Perennial subshrubs or tall erect herbs; flowers not attenuate at base, stipelike base absent or, if present, then slightly winged; inflorescence bracts usually 3 ... 2

2a. Plants perennial subshrubs; involucres (except 1 at fork of node in some) typically sessile, without winged or distinctly ridged achenes ... 6. (Eriogonum subg. Eucycla)

2b. Tall erect perennial herb, Involucres pedunculate, flowers usually glabrous, achenes winged or distinctly ridged ... Eriogonum subg. Pterogonum. Achenes 3-winged; plants (3) 5-25 dm. tall, from a thick taproot; leaves all or mostly basal, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, hirsute, 5-20 cm long; flowers yellow of yellowish green, or reddish in fruit … E. alatum

3. (Eriogonum subg. Oligogonum)

3a. Perianth glabrous externally; stems only with a whorl of leaf-like bracts subtending the inflorescence; ... E. umbellatum

3b. Perianth hairy externally, stems with a whorl of leaf-like bracts subtending the inflorescence and reduced or scale-like bracts at distal nodes; … 4

4a. Flowers white, cream, or pinkish … E. jamesii var. jamesii (in Jeffco known only from an M. E. Jones' collection in Morrison, 1878).

4b. Flowers pale to bright yellow … 5

5a. Involucres elevated on evident peduncles … E. flavum var. flavum

5b. Involucres sessile or nearly so … E. arcuatum

6. (Eriogonum subg. Eucycla). Leaves 4-9 times longer than wide (to 1 cm wide), linear-lanceolate, narrowly oblong, narrowly ellliptic, or oblanceolate, the margins not crenulate. Plants of the eastern slope … E. effusum

Abstracted from FNANM (2005) and Ackerfield (2015).
465. [ ] Eriogonum alatum Torr. (Syn: Pterogonum alatum (Torr.) Gross ) Winged Buckwheat. ApexPk DkR Eage HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
466. [ ] Eriogonum arcuatum Greene. (Syn: Eriogonum jamesii Benth , Eriogonum jamesii Benth var. flavescens S. Watson ) Baker's Buckwheat. MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM
467. [ ] Eriogonum effusum Nutt. Spreading Buckwheat. ApexPkR Au Eage HSq MtV NTM NTMP NWash STM
468. [ ] Eriogonum flavum Nutt. var. flavum. Alpine Wild Golden Buckwheat. NTM NTMP
469. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat. DkR WelchD
470. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. ramulosum Reveal. Buffalo Bill's Sulphur Flower. ApexPkR MtV
471. [ ] Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. umbellatum. Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat. Au DkR Eage HSq NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
472. [ ] Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Löve. (Syn: Polygonum convolvulus L. ) Black Bindweed. ApexGl LkM MtV STM
473. [ ] Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. (Syn: Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. , Reynoutria japonica Houtt. ) Japanese Knotweed. Au
474. [ ] Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbe. (Syn: Polygonum l. L. ) STM
475. [ ] Persicaria maculosa Gray. (Syn: Polygonum persicaria L. ) HSq
476. [ ] Polygonum aviculare L. NTM STM
477. [ ] Polygonum douglasii Greene. (Syn: Polygonum majus (Meisner) Piper ) Douglas Knotweed. ApexPkR LkM STM
478. [ ] Polygonum engelmannii Greene. (Syn: Polygonum douglasii Greene ssp. engelmannii (Greene) J.T.Kartesz & Gandhi ) Engelmann's Knotweed. LkM
479. [ ] Polygonum erectum L. Erect Knotweed. STM
480. [ ] Polygonum ramosissimum Michx. Bushy Knotweed. HSq STM
481. [ ] Rumex acetosella L. (Syn: Acetosella vulgaris (K. Koch) Fourr. , R. angiocarpus Murb. ) Sheep Sorrel. Invasive. Cress LkM
482. [ ] Rumex crispus L. Curley Dock. ApexGl NTM NWash STM
483. [ ] Rumex salicifolius Weinm. (Syn: R. salicifolius Weinm. ssp. salicifolius ) Willow Dock. NTM
484. [ ] Rumex triangulivalvis (Danser) Rech. f. (Syn: R. salicifolius Weinm. var. triangulivalvis (Danser) J. C. Hickman ) Triangular-Valved Dock. NTM STM
485. [ ] Rumex venosus Pursh. Veiny Dock. DkR STM

486. Portulacaceae
487. [ ] Portulaca oleracea L. Little Hogweed. STM

488. Primulaceae
489. [ ] Androsace occidentalis Pursh. Western Rockjasmine. NTMP STM SvyFld
490. [ ] Androsace septentrionalis L. (Syn: Androsace septentrionalis L. ssp. subumbellata (A. Nelson) G. T. Robbins ) Pygmyflower Rockjasmine. LkM
491. [ ] Dodecatheon pulchellum (Raf.) Merr. (Syn: Exinia pulchella Raf. , Primula pauciflora (Greene) Mast & Reveal ) Beautiful Shootingstar. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM VidGl

492. Ranunculaceae
493. [ ] Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd. Red Baneberry. LkM
494. [ ] Anemone canadensis L. (Syn: Anemonidium canadensis (L.) A. Löve & D. Lö ) Canadensis Anemone. LkM
495. [ ] Anemone cylindrica A. Gray. Candle Anemone. LkM
496. [ ] Anemone multifida Poir. var. multifida. Pacific Anemone. Au LkM
497. [ ] Anemone patens L. var. multifida Pritzel. (Syn: Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill. var. multifida (Pritz.) Zämels ) Eastern Pasqueflower. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM
498. [ ] Aquilegia coerulea E. James. Colorado Blue Columbine. LkM
499. [ ] Aquilegia saximontana Rydb. Rocky Montain Columbine. LkM
500. [ ] Clematis columbiana (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray. (Syn: Atragene columbiana Nutt. ) Rock Clematis. LkM
501. [ ] Clematis hirsutissima Pursh. (Syn: Coriflora hirsutissima (Pursh) W. A. Weber ) Hairy Clematis, Sugar Bowls. LkM
502. [ ] Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt. Western White Clematis. ClrCk Eage HSq KRun NTM STM
503. [ ] Clematis orientalis L. Oriental Virginsbower. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au ClrCkCyn Eage STM
504. [ ] Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. virescens (Nutt.) R.E. Brooks. (Syn: Delphinium virescens Nutt. ) Carolina Laskspur. ApexPkR DkR NTMP NWash SvyFld TinC
505. [ ] Delphinium geyeri Greene. Geyer's Larkspur. Au Eage NTM
506. [ ] Delphinium nuttallianum Pritz. Twolobe Larkspur. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn LkM MMtn NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC Windy
507. [ ] Delphinium virescens Nutt. (=Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. virescens (Nutt.) R.E. Brooks) Carolina Larkspur. HSq LkM MtV NTM STM
508. [ ] Myosurus minimus L. (Syn: Myosurus minimus L. ssp. minimus ) Tiny Mousetail. NTMP
509. [ ] Ranunculus acriformis A. Gray. Sharpleaf Buttercup. MtV
510. [ ] Ranunculus acris L. Tall Buttercup. HSq
511. [ ] Ranunculus aquatilis L. var. diffusus With. (Syn: Ranunculus aquatilis L. var. capillaceus (Thuill.) DC. ) Threadleaf Crowfoot. NTMP
512. [ ] Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh. (Syn: Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) Greene , R. cymbalaria Pursh var. saximontanus Fernald ) Alkali Buttercup. NTM NTMP
513. [ ] Ranunculus glaberrimus Hook. var. ellipticus (Greene) Greene. Sagebrush Buttercup. ApexPkR
514. [ ] Ranunculus repens L. Creeping Buttercup. Tuck
515. [ ] Ranunculus sceleratus L. (Syn: Hecatonia scelerata (L.) Fourr. ) Cursed Buttercup. NTMP STM
516. [ ] Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz. (Syn: Ceratocephala orthoceras DC. ) Bur Buttercup. Au

517. Rhamnaceae
518. [ ] Ceanothus fendleri A. Gray. Fendler's Ceanothus. ApexPkR Au LkM MtV
519. [ ] Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. Jersey Tea. STM

520. Rosaceae
521. [ ] Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roem. Saskatoon Serviceberry. Au Chim DkR NTM NTMP STM TinC
522. [ ] Amelanchier utahensis Koehne. Utah Service-Berry. Au LkM
523. [ ] Cercocarpus montanus Raf. Alder-Leaf Mountain Mahogany. Au DkR Eage KRun NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
524. [ ] Cotoneaster lucidus Schltdl. Hairy Stem Cotoneaster. WelchD
525. [ ] Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link. (Syn: Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe , Crataegus erythropoda Ashe , Crataegus macrantha Britton var. occidentalis (Britton) Eggl. ) Fleshy Hawthorn. Au ClrCk HSq KRun LkM MtV NTM STM SvyFld
526. [ ] Fragaria virginiana Mill. Virginia Strawberry. LkM
527. [ ] Geum aleppicum Jacq. (Syn: Geum aleppicum Jacq ssp. strictum (Aiton) Clausen ) Avens. ClrCkCyn
528. [ ] Holodiscus dumosus (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) A.Heller. Rock Spirea. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn Eage LkM NTM NTMP WelchD
529. [ ] Physocarpus monogynus (Torr.) J.M. Coult. (Syn: Spiraea monogyna Torr. ) Mountain Ninebark. LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
530. [ ] Potentilla fissa Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray. (Syn: Drymocallis fissa (Nutt.) Rydb. ) Bigflower Cinquefoil. ApexPkR Au MGal NTM NTMP STM TinC
531. [ ] Potentilla gracilis Hook. Slender Cinquefoil. NTM
532. [ ] Potentilla norvegica L. Norwegian Cinquefoil. NTM NTMP
533. [ ] Potentilla pensylvanica L. Prairie Cinquefoil. NTMP
534. [ ] Potentilla recta L. Sulphur Cinquefoil. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. ApexGl ApexPkR DkR STM TinC
535. [ ] Potentilla rivalis Nutt. Brook Cinquefoil. NTMP
536. [ ] Prunus americana Marshall. American Plum. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn Dead HSq KRun NTM STM
537. [ ] Prunus domestica L. European Plum. ApexPkR NTMP
538. [ ] Prunus pensylvanica L. f. (Syn: Cerasus pensylvanica (L. f.) Loiseleur ) Pin Cherry. Au LkM NTMP NWash STM
539. [ ] Prunus virginiana L. Chokecherry. ApexPkR Au Dead DkR LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
540. [ ] Rosa acicularis Lindl. ssp. sayi (Schwein.) W. H. Lewis. (Syn: Rosa acicularis Lindl. , Rosa sayi Schweinitz ) LkM SvyFld VidGl
541. [ ] Rosa arkansana Porter. Prairie Rose. ClrCk HSq NTM NWash STM
542. [ ] Rosa woodsii Lindl. Mountain Rose. ClrCk Eage VidGl
543. [ ] Rubus deliciosus Torr. (Syn: Oreobatus deliciosus Torr.(E. James ex Torr.) Rydb. ) Delicious raspberry. ApexPkR Au ClrCkCyn KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM SvyFld TinC
544. [ ] Rubus idaeus L. var. strigosus (Michx.) Maxim. American Red Raspberry. LkM MtV

545. Rubiaceae
546. [ ] Galium aparine L. (Syn: Galium aparine L. var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Farw. , Galium spurium L. ) Sticky Willy, Cleavers. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
547. [ ] Galium boreale S. Watson. (Syn: Galium septentrionale Roem. & Schult. ) Bedstraw. NTM
548. [ ] Galium triflorum Michx. Fragrant Bedstraw. NTM

549. Salicaceae
550. [ ] Populus alba L. White Cottonwood. STM
551. [ ] Populus angustifolia E. James. Narrowleaf Cottonwood. ClrCkCyn NTM STM
552. [ ] Populus deltoides Marshall ssp. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenw. (Syn: Populus sargentii Dode ) Plains Cottonwood. DkR NTM NTMP STM
553. [ ] Populus tremuloides Michx. Quaking Aspen. NTM
554. [ ] Salix alba L. White Willow. Tuck
555. [ ] Salix amygdaloides Andersson. Peachleaf Willow. NTM STM SvyFld
556. [ ] Salix exigua Nutt. Coyote Willow, Narrow-Leaved Willow. ClrCkCyn NTM RamRes
557. [ ] Salix irrorata Andersson. Dewystem Willow. LkM
558. [ ] Salix ligulifolia (C. R. Ball) C. R. Ball ex C. K. Schneider. (Syn: Salix eriocephala Michx. var. ligulifolia (C. R. Ball ex C. K. Schneid.) Dorn ) Strap-Leaf Willow. ClrCkCyn
559. [ ] Salix monticola Bebb. Park Willow. ClrCkCyn

560. Santalaceae
561. [ ] Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. pallida (A. DC.) Piehl. (Syn: Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. var. pallida (A. DC.) M. E. Jones ) Pale Bastard Toadflax. DkR LkM MMtn NTM NWash STM TinC WelchD

562. Sapindaceae
563. [ ] Acer glabrum Torr. Rocky Mountain Maple. ApexGl Au LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
564. [ ] Acer negundo L. (Syn: Acer negundo L. var. interius (Britton) Sarg. , Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench ) Box Elder Maple. Au KRun LkM NTM STM Tuck
565. [ ] Acer platanoides L. (Syn: Acer platanoides L. var. schwedleri K. Koch ) Norway Maple. Au
566. [ ] Acer saccharinum L. Silver Maple. NTM

567. Saxifragaceae
568. [ ] Heuchera bracteata (Torr.) Ser. Bracted Alumroot. LkM
569. [ ] Heuchera parvifolia Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray. Littleleaf Alumroot. NTM NTMP STM
570. [ ] Micranthes rhomboidea (Greene) Small. (Syn: Saxifraga rhomboidea Greene ) Diamondleaf Saxifrage. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM STM

571. Scrophulariaceae
572. [ ] Limosella aquatica L. Water Mudwort. NTM NTMP STM
573. [ ] Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh. Lanceleaf Figwort. ApexPkR Au KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM WelchD
574. [ ] Verbascum blattaria L. Moth Mullein. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. SvyFld
575. [ ] Verbascum phlomoides L. Orange Mullien. ApexGl Dead HSq
576. [ ] Verbascum thapsus L. Common Mullein. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. ApexGl ApexPkR DkR MMtn NTM NWash STM

577. Solanaceae
578. [ ] Datura wrightii Regel. Sacred Datura. Au
579. [ ] Physalis hederifolia A. Gray. Ivy-Leaved Ground Cherry. Dead
580. [ ] Physalis hederifolia A. Gray var. comata (Rydb.) Waterfall. Ivy-Leaved Ground Cherry. NTM NTMP STM
581. [ ] Physalis hispida (Waterf.) Cronquist. Prairie Ground Cherry. STM
582. [ ] Physalis longifolia Nutt. Longleaf Groundcherry. DkR
583. [ ] Physalis virginiana Mill. Virginia Ground Cherry. NTM STM
584. [ ] Quincula lobata (Torr.) Raf. (Syn: Physalis lobata Torr. ) Chinese Lantern. Au
585. [ ] Solanum dulcamara L. Climbing Nightshade. Dead KRun
586. [ ] Solanum physalifolium Rusby. Hoe Nightshade. Au HSq
587. [ ] Solanum rostratum Dunal. Buffalo Bur Nightshade. Au NTM STM
588. [ ] Solanum triflorum Nutt. Cutleaf Nightshade. Au HSq

589. Ulmaceae
590. [ ] Ulmus . Elm. NTM
591. [ ] Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Chinese Elm. NTM
592. [ ] Ulmus pumila L. Siberian Elm. DkR NTM STM

593. Urticaceae
594. [ ] Parietaria pensylvanica Willd. Pennsylvania Pellitory. Au STM

595. Verbenaceae
596. [ ] Glandularia tenera (Spreng.) Cabrera. (Syn: Verbena pulchella Sweet ) NTM
597. [ ] Phyla cuneifolia (Torr.) Greene. Wedgeleaf. STM
598. [ ] Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. Large Bract Vervain. Au HSq KRun NTM NTMP STM
599. [ ] Verbena hastata L. Swamp Verbena. Au

600. Violaceae
601. [ ] Hybanthus verticillatus (Ortega) Baill. Baby Slippers. NTM STM
602. [ ] Viola canadensis L. (Syn: Viola rydbergii Greene , Viola scopulorum (A. Gray) Greene ) Canadian White Violet. ApexPkR Au LkM NTM STM
603. [ ] Viola nuttallii Pursh. Nuttall's Violet. ApexPkR Au DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
604. [ ] Viola odorata L. Common Sweet Violet. Au
605. [ ] Viola pedatifida G. Don. Prairie Violet. LkM

606. Viscaceae
607. [ ] Arceuthobium vaginatum (Willd.) J. Presl var. cryptopodium (Engelm.) Cronquist. Pineland Dwarf Mistletoe. LkM

608. Vitaceae
609. [ ] Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. (Syn: Parthenocissus inserta (A.Kern.) Fritsch ) Virginia Creeper. NTM NTMP
610. [ ] Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchcock. Woodbine, thicket creeper. Dead NWash
611. [ ] Vitis riparia Michx. Riverbank Grape. NTM STM

612. Zygophyllaceae
613. [ ] Tribulus terrestris L. Puncture Vine. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au HSq NTMP STM

614. Agavaceae
615. [ ] Yucca glauca Torr. Soapweed Yucca. DkR MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM

616. Alliaceae
617. [ ] Allium × proliferum (Moench) Schrad. ex Willd. Garden Onion. KRun
618. [ ] Allium cernuum Roth. Nodding Onion. NTMP STM SvyFld Windy
619. [ ] Allium textile A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr. Textile Onion. ApexPkR Au Chim DkR Eage KRun LkM NTM NTMP STM

620. Anthericeae

Leucocrinum. Sand Lily

APG3 treats Leucocrinum in the Anthericum group of the Agavoidae subfamily of the Asparagaceae, which it then describes as a “ … highly unsatisfactory family.” The Plant List also uses Asparagaceae. FNANM, USDA Plants, and W&W(2012) retain Leucocrinum in Liliaceae. TJM2 (2102) refers it to Agavaceae. Snow (2009) places Leucocrinum in Anthericaceae, along with Echeandria.


621. [ ] Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray. Star Lily. ApexPkR Au LkM MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld

622. Araceae
623. [ ] Lemna minor L. Common Duckweed. Tuck

624. Asparagaceae
625. [ ] Asparagus officinalis L. Asparagus. NTM NTMP STM TinC

626. Commelinaceae
627. [ ] Tradescantia occidentalis (Britton) Smyth. Prairie Spiderwort. ApexPkR DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld

628. Cyperaceae
629. [ ] Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack. Shortbeak Sedge. ClrCkCyn NTMP STM SvyFld
630. [ ] Carex deweyana Schwein. Dewey sedge. LkM
631. [ ] Carex douglasii Boott. Douglas Sedge. NTM
632. [ ] Carex duriuscula C.A. Mey. (Syn: Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. , Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. ssp. eleocharis (L. H. Bailey) Hultén ) Needleleaf Sedge. NTM STM
633. [ ] Carex inops L.H. Bailey ssp. heliophila (Mack.) Crins. (Syn: C. pensylvanica Lam. ssp. heliophila (Mack.) W. A. Weber ) Sun Sedge. Au LZ MMtn NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
634. [ ] Carex nebrascensis Dewey. Nebraska Sedge. Au ClrCkCyn HSq NTM STM
635. [ ] Carex occidentalis L. H. Bailey. Western Sedge. NTM Windy
636. [ ] Carex praegracilis W. Boott. Clustered Field-Sedge. NTMP RamRes STM
637. [ ] Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. Saw Beaked Sedge. ApexGl
638. [ ] Cyperus squarrosus L. (Syn: Cyperus aristatus Rottb. ) Bearded Flatsedge. STM
639. [ ] Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. Needle Spikerush. NTM
640. [ ] Eleocharis compressa Sull. (Syn: Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. compressa (Sull.) Drapalik & Mohlenbr. ) NTM
641. [ ] Eleocharis elliptica Kunth. Elliptic Spikerush. STM
642. [ ] Eleocharis macrostachya Britton. Common Spike-Rush. NTM
643. [ ] Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. Common Spikerush. NTMP STM
644. [ ] Eleocharis parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer. (Syn: Eleocharis coloradoensis (Britton) Gilly ) Dwarf Spikerush. NTM
645. [ ] Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volkart ex Schinz & R. Keller. (Syn: Scirpus americanus Pers. ) Chairmaker's Bulrush. NTM
646. [ ] Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus lacustris L ) Lakeshore Bulrush. NTM
647. [ ] Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus pungens Vahl ) Threesquare. Au
648. [ ] Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla. (Syn: Scirpus lacustris L. var. validus (Vahl) Kük. , Scirpus validus Vahl ) Softstem Bulrush. KRun NTM
649. [ ] Scirpus pallidus (Britt.) Fern. Cloaked Bulrush. Au KRun STM SvyFld

650. Iridaceae
651. [ ] Iris L. Horticultural Iris. NWash
652. [ ] Sisyrinchium montanum Greene. Rocky Mountain Blue-Eyed Grass. LkM NTMP

653. Juncaceae
654. [ ] Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. Arctic Rush. NTMP STM
655. [ ] Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. var. balticus (Willdenow) Trautvetter. (Syn: Juncus arcticus (Willd.)Trautv. ssp. ater (Rydb.) Hultén , Juncus ater Rydb. , Juncus balticus Willd. , Juncus balticus Willd. ssp. ater (Rydb.) Snogerup , J. balticus Willd. var. montanus Engelm. ) Arctic Rush. NTM
656. [ ] Juncus bufonius L. Toad Rush. NTM NTMP STM SvyFld
657. [ ] Juncus compressus Jacq. Roundfruit Rush. STM
658. [ ] Juncus interior Wiegand. Inland Rush. NTM NTMP STM
659. [ ] Juncus torreyi Coville. Torrey's Rush. STM

660. Liliaceae
661. [ ] Calochortus gunnisonii S. Watson. Gunnison's Mariposa Lily. ApexPkR Eage LkM NTM STM TinC
662. [ ] Lilium philadelphicum L. (Syn: Lilium montanum A. Nelson ) Wood Lily. LkM
663. [ ] Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. Common Grape Hyacinth. Au MMtn NTMP NWash Tuck
664. [ ] Narcissus L. Horticultural Daffodil. NWash
665. [ ] Prosartes trachycarpa S. Watson. (Syn: Disporum trachycarpum (S. Watson) Benth. & Hook. f. ) Roughfruit Fairybells. LkM

666. Melanthiaceae
667. [ ] Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson var. gramineus (Rydb.) Ackerfield. (Syn: Zigadenus gramineus Rydb. ) Grassy Death Camas. KRun NTMP TinC
668. [ ] Zigadenus venenosus S. Watson. (Syn: Toxicoscordion venenosum (S. Watson) Rydb. ) (=Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson) Meadow Death Camas. LkM NTM STM

669. Orchidaceae
670. [ ] Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes. Fairy Slipper. Au LkM
671. [ ] Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. (Syn: Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. ssp. bracteatum (Muhl.) Hultén , Dactylorhiza viridis (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase ) Longbract Frog Orchid. Au LkM
672. [ ] Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. Summer Coralroot. Au LkM Xmas
673. [ ] Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens O. W. Knight. (Syn: Cypripedium calceolus L. var. parviflorum (Salisb.) Hultén ) Greater Yellow Lady's Slipper. LkM
674. [ ] Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. Western Rattlesnake Plantain. ApexGl Au Dead LkM
675. [ ] Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak. Northern Green Orchid. ClrCkCyn
676. [ ] Spiranthes diluvialis Sheviak. Ute Lady's Tresses. Au
677. [ ] Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. Hooded Lady's Tresses. Au

678. Poaceae
679. [ ] Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa hymenoides Roem. & Schult. ) Indian Rice Grass. NTM STM
680. [ ] Achnatherum robustum (Vasey) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa robusta (Vasey) Scribn. ) Sleepygrass. HSq MtV NTM NTMP STM
681. [ ] Achnatherum scribneri (Vasey) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa scribneri Vasey ) KRun NTM
682. [ ] Aegilops cylindrica Host. (Syn: Cylindropyrum cylindricum (Host) Á.Löve ) Jointed Goat Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: B. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
683. [ ] Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. Crested Wheat Grass. Au NTM NWash STM
684. [ ] Agrostis gigantea Roth. (Syn: Agrostis alba L. ) Redtop. MMtn NTMP
685. [ ] Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. Shortawn Foxtail. NTM NTMP
686. [ ] Alopecurus arundinaceus Poir. Creeping Reed Foxtail. Tuck
687. [ ] Alopecurus geniculatus L. Water Foxtail. NTMP
688. [ ] Andropogon gerardii Vitman. Big Bluestem. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq KRun NTM NWash STM
689. [ ] Aristida purpurea Nutt. Purple Threeawn. Au NTMP
690. [ ] Aristida purpurea Nutt. var. longiseta (Steud.) Vasey. (Syn: Aristida longiseta Steud. ) Purple Threeawn. HSq NTM NTMP STM Windy
691. [ ] Arundo donax L. Giant Reed. Weed: CO DofA, List: A. Au
692. [ ] Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. Sideoats Grama. Au HSq NTM STM Windy
693. [ ] Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. (Syn: Chondrosum gracile Kunth ) Blue Grama. HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM Windy
694. [ ] Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. (Syn: Ceratochloa carinata (Hook. & Arn.) Tutin ) California Brome. Au NWash
695. [ ] Bromus inermis Leyss. (Syn: B. inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis ) Smooth Brome. Au KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM
696. [ ] Bromus japonicus Thunb. Japanese Cheat Grass. ApexPkR Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
697. [ ] Bromus lanatipes (Shear) Rydb. (Syn: Bromopsis lanatipes (Shear) Holub ) Wooly Brome. Au
698. [ ] Bromus polyanthus Scribn. ex Shear. Great Basin Brome. NTM
699. [ ] Bromus tectorum L. (Syn: B. tectorum L. var. glabratus Spenn. ) Cheat Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au DkR NTM NTMP NWash STM TinC WelchD
700. [ ] Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm. (=Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) J.T. Columbus) Buffalo Grass. NTM NTMP NWash STM
701. [ ] Dactylis glomerata L. Orchard Grass. Au Dead DkR KRun NTMP NWash WelchD
702. [ ] Danthonia spicata (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. Poverty Oatgrass. HSq
703. [ ] Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Red-hair Crab-grass. STM
704. [ ] Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Barnyardgrass. HSq NTM
705. [ ] Echinochloa muricata (P. Beauv.) Fernald var. microstachya Wiegand. Rough Barnyardgrass. Au STM
706. [ ] Elymus albicans (Scribn. & J.G.Sm.) Á.Löve. (Syn: Agropyron albicans Scribn. & J.G.Sm. ) NTM
707. [ ] Elymus canadensis L. Canadian Wildrye. Cress DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM
708. [ ] Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey. (Syn: Elymus longifolius (J. G. Sm.) Gould , Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J. G. Sm. ) Squirreltail Grass. Au Eage LkM NTM NTMP NWash STM
709. [ ] Elymus glaucus Buckley. NTM
710. [ ] Elymus repens (L.) Gould. (Syn: Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex B. D. Jacks. ) Quack Grass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au
711. [ ] Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinners. Slender Wheatgrass. HSq NTM NTMP STM
712. [ ] Elymus virginicus L. Virginia Wildrye. Au
713. [ ] Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. Stinkgrass. STM
714. [ ] Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees ex Steud. (Syn: Eragrostis diffusa Buckley ) Tufted Lovegrass. STM
715. [ ] Festuca idahoensis Elmer. Idaho Fescue. NWash
716. [ ] Festuca saximontana Rydb. (Syn: Festuca saximontana Rydb. var. purpusiana (St.-Yves) Fred. & Pavlick ) Rocky Mountain Fescue. HSq NWash
717. [ ] Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc. Striate Manna Grass. NTMP
718. [ ] Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. ) Needle and Thread. DkR KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
719. [ ] Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski. Meadow Barley. Au LkM NTM
720. [ ] Hordeum jubatum L. Foxtail Barley. Au NTMP STM
721. [ ] Hordeum murinum L. (Syn: Critesion murinum (L.) Á.Löve ) Mouse Barley. Au NTM STM
722. [ ] Hordeum pusillum Nutt. (Syn: Critesion pusillum (Nutt.) Á.Löve ) Little Barley. Au NTM NTMP STM
723. [ ] Hordeum vulgare L. Common Barley. Au
724. [ ] Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult. Prairie Junegrass. Au DkR HSq NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld WelchD
725. [ ] Lagurus ovatus L. Hares Tail Grass. Au
726. [ ] Leymus triticoides (Buckley) Pilger. (Syn: Elymus triticoides Buckley ) Beardless Wildrye. SvyFld

Muhlenbergia Schreb. — Muhly

Upper glume, teeth, #3 . . . M. montana


727. [ ] Muhlenbergia andina (Nutt.) Hitchc. Foxtail Muhly. ClrCk
728. [ ] Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) Parodi. Alkali Muhley. STM
729. [ ] Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. Mountain Muhly. Dead DkR LkM
730. [ ] Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Stern & Poggenb. Marsh Muhly. Au
731. [ ] Muhlenbergia wrightii Vasey ex J.M. Coult. Spike muhly. NTMP STM
732. [ ] Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. (Syn: Monroa s. [ortho. var.] ) False Buffalograss. NTM NTMP STM
733. [ ] Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth. (Syn: Stipa viridula Trin. ) Green Needlegrass. ApexPkR DkR Eage KRun NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld TinC
734. [ ] Panicum capillare L. Witchgrass. STM
735. [ ] Panicum miliaceum L. Proso Millet. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. LkM
736. [ ] Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Á. Löve. (Syn: Agropyron smithii Rydb. ) Western Wheatgrass. HSq NTM NTMP STM TinC
737. [ ] Phleum pratense L. Timothy. HSq NTM STM
738. [ ] Poa arida Vasey. Plains Bluegrass. Au
739. [ ] Poa bulbosa L. Bulbous Bluegrass. Weed: CO DofA, List: C. Au NTMP SvyFld Tuck
740. [ ] Poa compressa L. Canada Bluegrass. NTM NTMP TinC
741. [ ] Poa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey. Muttongrass. NTMP
742. [ ] Poa palustris L. Fowl Bluegrass. NTM
743. [ ] Poa pratensis L. (Syn: P. agassizensis B. Boivin & D. Löve ) Kentucky Bluegrass. Au NTM NTMP NWash STM SvyFld
744. [ ] Poa secunda J. Presl. (Syn: P. nevadensis Vasey ex Scribn. ) Sandberg Bluegrass.. Cress HSq STM
745. [ ] Poa secunda J. Presl ssp. secunda. (Syn: P. sandbergii (Thurb.) Benth. Ex Vasey ) Sandberg Bluegrass.. NWash
746. [ ] Poa tracyi Vasey. Tracy's Bluegrass. Au
747. [ ] Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski. Russian wildrye. Au
748. [ ] Puccinellia distans (L.) Parl. European Alkali Grass. NTMP
749. [ ] Schedonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Trel. (Syn: Muhlenbergia paniculata (Nutt.) Columbus , Muhlenbergia paniculata (Nutt.) R. M. Peterson ) Tumblegrass. Au Eage STM
750. [ ] Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash. Little Bluestem. Au DkR NTMP NWash
751. [ ] Secale cereale L. Cereal Rye. Au STM
752. [ ] Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Green Bristlegrass. STM
753. [ ] Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash. Yellow Indian Grass. Au
754. [ ] Sporobolus airoides (Torr.) Torr. (Syn: Agrostis airoides Torr. ) Alkali Sacaton. Au
755. [ ] Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Merr. (Syn: Sporobolus asper (Michx.) Kunth ) Composite Dropseed. Au STM
756. [ ] Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray. (Syn: Agrostis cryptandra Torr. ) Sand Drop-seed. HSq NTM NWash STM
757. [ ] Sporobolus heterolepis (A. Gray) A. Gray. Prairie Drop-seed. Au
758. [ ] Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey. (Syn: Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski , Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis ) Intermediate Wheatgrass. Dead NLove NTM NWash STM
759. [ ] Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Z.-W. Liu & R.-C. Wang. (Syn: Elymus elongatus (Host) Runemark ) Rush Wheatgrass. NTM
760. [ ] Triticum aestivum L. Wheat. NWash
761. [ ] Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. (Syn: Festuca octoflora Walter , Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. octoflora ) Six Weeks Fescue. Au ClrCkCyn NTM NWash STM

762. Potamogetonaceae
763. [ ] Potamogeton nodosus Poir. Longleaf Pondweed. NTMP

764. Ruscaceae
765. [ ] Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link var. amplexicaule (Nutt.) Dorn. (Syn: Maianthemum amplexicaule (Nutt.) W. A. Weber ) Feathery False Lily of the Valley. LkM
766. [ ] Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link. (Syn: Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf. ) Starry False Lily of the Valley. Au

767. Smilacaceae
768. [ ] Smilax lasioneura Hook. Blue Ridge Carrionflower. KRun LkM

769. Typhaceae
770. [ ] Typha angustifolia L. Narrow Leaf Cattail. STM
771. [ ] Typha latifolia L. Cattail. KRun

772. Zannichelliaceae
773. [ ] Zannichellia palustris L. Horned Pondweed. STM

Total number of taxa: 678
Native Taxa:
(serif, italic, bold)
499
Exotic Taxa:
(sans-serif, italic)
168
Nativity Undetermined:
(default font, italic)
11
Listed Weeds:
Indentified as Weed
37

Locations Included in This Area

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Date and time this article was prepared: 9/5/2020 8:44:34 PM