|Eastern Mojave Vegetation||Salton Trough, Imperial County, California.|
See also: Colorado River.
Name for the transtensional basin occupied by the Salton Sea and the Imperial Valley.
The Colorado River has delivered a large volume of sediment to the Salton Trough and the northern Gulf of California over the past 5–6 m.y., supplying felsic material that is quickly buried and metamorphosed to form a new generation of crust transferred from the craton interior. The elevation drop of ~2000 m from the Colorado Plateau to the Salton Trough was created by Tertiary extensional collapse of the Cordilleran orogenic belt, and represents significant potential energy that drives the modern source-to-sink conveyer belt (Dorsey, 2010).
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Date and time this article was prepared:4:04:00 PM, 11/21/2019.