Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  
 

Tom Schweich  

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Contents
Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.

   

Sunday, 24 November 2019

Blanding, UT to Williams, AZ

 

 

   

2019

 

 

   

January, 2019

 

Other articles: Iowa Street near Ford St near Ford St Washington Avenue near Iowa
Full Size ImageRecent construction on Iowa Street
Full Size ImageRecent construction on Iowa Street  

January 20, 2019. Walk around the neighborhood.
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Recent construction at Washington and Iowa

Other articles: Washington Avenue near 6th
Full Size ImageProgress on Washington Avenue complete street project.  

January 21, 2019

Neighborhood walk, progress on Washington Avenue complete streets project.

 

   

February, 2019

 

Other articles: Washington Avenue bet. 2nd & 5th
Full Size ImageGrading on the Washngton Avenue complete streets project.  

February 4, 2019. Neighborhood walk. Granding on Washington Avenue.

Other articles: 5th Street near Arapahoe
Full Size ImageLaundry day in Colorado.  

February 20, 2019.

Other articles: Arapahoe Street near 2nd
Full Size Image124 Arapahoe Street
Full Size Image124 Arapahoe Street  

February 24, 2019. This house was listed as for sale in Zillow for less than a day before the status was changed to pending.

 

   

March, 2019

 

Other articles: Cheyenne Street near 4th near alley
Full Size ImageDuplex at the former 409 Cheyenne St.
Full Size ImageDuplex under construction.  

March 9, 2019. Current state of construction.

Other articles: Golden Checklist Flora Euphorbia myrsinites Gregory Drive 30290 Washington Avenue bet. 2nd & 5th near 5th near 5th
Full Size ImageInfestation of Myrtle Spurge between Gregory Drive and Goldco Circle.
Full Size ImageProgress on Washington Avenue Complete Street project.  

Neighborhood walk, large infestation of Myrtle Spurge.
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Washington Avenue north of 5th.
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Washington Avenue looking south.

Other articles: Rubey Drive at path
Full Size ImageContinued construction at 148 Washington  

March 16, 2019

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 2090, 26 Jun 2019

Locations: North Washington Open Space.
Full Size ImagePost-construction miitigation.  

Post construction, area cleaned and jute mat emplaced.

Other articles: Golden Cliffs Trail at highpoint along trail near the rim of Golden Ravine. Climbing Access Trail below rim below rim
Full Size ImageGrrrr, Someone rode their mountain bike off trail in the mud.
Full Size ImageNorth Table Loop climbs out of Golden Ravine.  

Spring morning ramble on North Table Mountain.
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Mouth of Golden Ravine.
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Coyote in Golden Ravine.
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Small herd of deer on North Table Mountain.
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Two golf balls on top of the mesa.
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Where I previously found Munroa squarrosa.
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I don't think closing the trail has worked.
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Does every rock need a steel anchor?
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Property boundaries lined up on a section line.
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Survey Pin

Other articles: CO Hwy 93 above CO 93

Locations: Ralston Dike. Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.
Full Size ImageYellow Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans) in winter.  

Little sojourn to Ranson/Edwards.
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Creative bird box, carved in the trunk of a burned ponderosa pine.
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The Ralston Dike, or what is left of it.

Other articles: Climbing Access Trail below rim North Table Mountain Other Vertebrates
Full Size ImageWestern Fence Lizard in the grotto.
Full Size ImageClimbers hiking along the base of the cliffs.  

Saturday, April 6, 2019

North Table Mountain. My objective on this trip was to visit the slot or grotto that is visible on the southwest side of North Table Mountain. I was hoping I would find a damp place with ferns or bryophytes. The grotto was shallow and dry.
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Slot or grotto below the cliffs.

Full Size ImageDakota Ridge at the north end of Golden  

Sunday, April 7, 2019.

Survey Field.
  2012  Berberis repens, south-facing slope of a ravine, near power line, few patches of snow still around, Lomatium orientale also blooming here.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Berberidaceae

Berberis repens Lindl.  Creeping Barberry.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. West edge of Survey Field, 3.2 km. south southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7345N, 105.2296W. WGS 1984 Elev. 6324 ft. South-facing steep slope of a ravine. Lomatium orientale also blooming here.

Collected by permit: Colorado School of Mines, 2018, issued: Apr 1, 2018, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2012. 7-Apr-2019

Other articles: Ancient Palms Trail at Basalt Top Loop Basalt Cap Loop at Ancient Palms Trl near Ancient Palms Trail near social trail near overlook 50000 Cretaceous Trail at Basalt Top Loop at Tertiary Trl near Denver West Pkwy along Denver West Pkwy at Denver West Pkwy west at Denver West Pkwy west 60000 Tertiary Trail at property line near property line 30000
Full Size ImageRecently paved parking lot at Camp George West Park.
Full Size ImageSports field at Camp George West Park.  

Tuesday, April 9, 2019

South Table Mountain. I walked from the officially designated parking lot at Camp George West Park. Learned that I would be the only person doing that, because the walk to the base of South Table Mountain is nearly a mile.
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Entrance to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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Cretaceous Trail north of Denver West Parkway to South Table Mountain.
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Junction of the Tertiary Trail with the Cretaceous Trail.
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Social trail up to the Tertiary Trail from the Montrachet Denver West Apartments below.
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View north from South Table Mountain.
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Top end of the Cretaceous Trail.
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End of the Cretaceous Trail at the Basalt Cap Loop.
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South Table Mountain as seen from Denver West Parkway.
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Sun-loving Sedge beside the Tertiary Trail.
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Social trail users on a trail from W. 20th Avenue.
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Hikers on the Ancient Palms Trail.
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Basalt Top Loop Trail looking east.
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Mt. Morrison and I-70 west.
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Junction of Basalt Top Loop and Ancient Palms Trails.
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The start of the Ancient Palms Trail.
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View northwest.
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Ancient Palms Trail nears the north rim of South Table Mountain.

Other articles: Alley at end Social Trail (N. Ford to Jackson) at trl jct at alley Social Trail (N. Wash. OS) at trl jct

Locations: North Washington Open Space.
Full Size ImageWhat happened here? Cactus dug up and soil scraped.  

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

North Washington Open Space
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Leaves of Campanula glomerata “Dane's Blood”
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Yard waste disposal in the open space.
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Yard waste disposal in the open space.
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Buffalo grass (Buchloe dactyloides) at the intersection of social trails.
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Social trail at the end of the alley.
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Columbine/Ford St alley from north end.
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Three Missouri Foxtail Cactus together.
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Packera plattensis leaves just beginning to grow in mid-April.
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Assassin bug in North Washington Open Space
  2013  Taraxacum officinale

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.  Common Dandelion.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue. 2.3 km. northwest of GNIS location of Golden. Top of hill, sunny slope south of social trail. 39.7686N, 105.2331W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1825 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2013. 16-Apr-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2014, Bryophyte  
2014  Bryophyte

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Bryophyta

Bryophyte.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue. 2.3 km. northwest of GNIS location of Golden. Upper slope of cut bank, north side of open space. 39.7688N, 105.2335W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1825 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2014. 16-Apr-2019

Other articles: Lou's Loop 28340 Recreational Trail (Pine Ridge Estates) near Pine Ridge near Pine Ridge at spur at game trl Private Path (Canyon View III HOA) at Lous Lp near Lous Lp

Locations: Dakota Ridge.
Full Size ImageSouth end of Dakota Ridge, Golden open space.  

Pine Ridge Estates and Dakota Ridge.
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South end of Dakota Ridge, Golden open space.
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Private spur trail connecting Lou's Loop to the City of Golden recreational trail.
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Slope of Dakota Ridge
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Spur trail from Lou's Loop towards Dakota Ridge.
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The southernmost end of Dakota Ridge

Other articles: Lippincott Road at Bull Gl near Bull Gulch near s gate near s gate at washout mid-quarry near quarry near jct quarry rd near jct quarry rd near gate 80000

Locations: Bull Gulch. Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageGate, usually locked, closed to public access.  

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Lippincott Property
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The road continues north-ish in the direction of Bull Gulch.
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The way out, south-ish.
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Stream and springy ground at top of quarry.
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The linear opening in the forest accomodates a power line.
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The summit meadow.
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Tilted rocks above middle meadow.
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Bull Gulch, looking upstream.
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Turkey, one of a pair, many more seens.
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Where the old ranch road crosses Bull Gulch.
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Path southwest to middle meadow.
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Ranch road approaches Bull Gulch.
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North gate, to City of Boulder property.
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South gate, City of Boulder side.
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South gate, from Lippincott property.
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Stream crossing.
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View up the quarry from the ranch road crossing.
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Quarry
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Quarry
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Ranch road, generally north-ish.
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View across springy ground.
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Entrance to Lippincott Property.
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Lippincott property on 1906 base map.
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Lippincott property on 1942 base map.
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Lippincott property on 1965, 1967 ed. base map.
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Lippincott property on 1965 rev. 1994 base map.

Full Size ImageMy first collection on the Lippincott Property, Taraxacum officinale  
2015  Taraxacum officinale

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.  Common Dandelion.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate center of property. 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9013N, 105.2741W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1983 m. Gentle slope at edge of ponderosa pine forest.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2015. 18-Apr-2019

Literature Cited:
- Baldwin, Bruce G., Susan Kalisz, and W. Scott Armbruster, 2011.

Other articles: Lippincott Road 60000
Full Size ImageLocation of three collections of tiny annuals.  

2016  Collinsia parviflora

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Collinsia parviflora Lindl.  Maiden Blue-eyed Mary.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate center of property. 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.274W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2005 m. Forming carpets under trees in ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2016. 18-Apr-2019

Other articles: Lippincott Road 60000
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2017, Capsella bursa-pastoris  

2017  Capsella bursa-pastoris

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.  Shepherd's Purse.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate center of property. 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2739W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2003 m. Disturbed places, in this case an old road, along with other early annuals, such as Collinsia parviflora and Draba reptans.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2017. 18-Apr-2019

Other articles: Lippincott Road 60000
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2018, Draba nemorosa  

2018  Draba reptans

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Draba nemorosa L.  Woodland Whitlow Grass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate center of property. 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2739W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2002 m. Disturbed places, in this case an old road, along with other early annuals, such as Collinsia parviflora and Capsella bursa-pastoris.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2018. 18-Apr-2019


Full Size ImageColl No. 2019, Woodsia ?
Full Size ImageColl No. 2019, Woodsia ?
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2019, Fern.  
2019  Woodsia ?

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Dryopteridaceae

Woodsia oregana D.C. Eaton ssp. cathcartiana (B.L. Rob.) Windham.  Rocky Mountain Woodsia.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south bank of Bull Gulch, 23.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9081N, 105.279W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1987 m. Deep shade. Determined by comparison to Coll. No. 2069, which was made from the same plants.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2019. 18-Apr-2019

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageOne of several small ponds on the stream.
Full Size ImageThe elk were keeping a close eye on us.  

Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Lippincott Property, with Irene Weber.

Also seen, Clematis hirsutissima, Anemone patens, Nothocalais cuspidata, and Carduus nutans.

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Sugar Bowls, Clematis hirsutissima, Irene's knee for scale.
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Southeast parcel, general view to northwest.
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Southeast parcel, general view to northeast.
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View of Lippincott property from southeast corner.
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Carpet of Spring Beauty (Claytonia rosea) under the Ponderosa Pines.

Full Size ImageFlower of Coll. No. 2020, Claytonia rosea  
2020  Claytonia rosea

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Montiaceae

Claytonia rosea Rydb.  Rocky Mountain Springbeauty.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, grassland with a few ponderosa pines, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9008N, 105.2722W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2020. 24-Apr-2019

  2021  Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin.  Field Chickweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, high prairie above Rocky Flats, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9008N, 105.2673W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1936 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2021. 24-Apr-2019

  2022  Chorispora tenella

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC.  Crossflower.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, high prairie above Rocky Flats, 21.5 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9001N, 105.2626W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1908 m. Coordinates estimated by GoogleEarth.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2022. 24-Apr-2019


Full Size ImageCymopterus? Lomatium?
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2023, Musineon divaricatum  
2023  Cymopterus ? p>
Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Musineon divaricatum (Pursh) Raf.  Leafy Wildparsley.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, high prairie above Rocky Flats, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9021N, 105.2608W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1903 m. Heavy clay soil.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2023. 24-Apr-2019

  2024  Leucocrinum montanum

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Anthericeae

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.  Star Lily.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, high prairie above Rocky Flats, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9016N, 105.2676W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1950 m. Grassy, open, southeast-facing slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2024. 24-Apr-2019

  2025  Viola nuttallii

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Violaceae

Viola nuttallii Pursh.  Nuttall's Violet.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south parcel, high prairie above Rocky Flats, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9016N, 105.2687W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. Grassy, open, southeast-facing slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Irene Weber 2025. 24-Apr-2019

Locations: North Table Mountain.  

Thursday, April 25, 2019.

North Table Mountain, parking lot for Golden Cliffs Trail

Full Size ImageHabitat of Coll. No. 2026, Corydalis aurea.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2026, Corydalis aurea with fruit.  
2026  Corydalis aurea

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Fumariaceae

Corydalis aurea Willd.  Scrambled Eggs.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. City of Golden open space, lower south slope of North Table Mountain, just above the overflow parking lot, 1.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7663N, 105.2164W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1797 m. Small colony growing amongst rocks and shrubs, primarily Ribes cereum at this location.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2026. 25-Apr-2019

Locations: Kenneys Creek.
Full Size ImageKenneys Creek shown on the Morrison, CO 1938 quadrangle.  

Saturday, April 27, 2019

Found “Kenneys Creek” on the Morrison quad of 1938.

Other articles: Washington Avenue above Rubey near Rubey

Locations: North Washington Open Space.
Full Size ImageDeer in the open space.  

Upper Washington Open Space.
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Packera plattensis
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The Washington Avenue Complete Street Project nears completion.
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The Washington Avenue Complete Street Project nears completion.

Other articles: Lippincott Road 53000

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageWoodland Pinedrops seen in the northern parcel.  

Sunday, May 26th

Sunday, 26 May 2019
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View east from the Lippincott property.
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Meadow in the southwest corner.
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Turkey
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Former watercourse (?), view upstream
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Former watercourse (?), view downstream.
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Meadow and Ponderosa pine woodland in the northernmost part of the property.
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Turkey, maybe the same one.
  2027  Field identification: Claytonia rosea

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Montiaceae

Claytonia rosea Rydb.  Rocky Mountain Springbeauty.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, grassland in a ponderosa pines woodland, 23.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9127N, 105.2787W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2066 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2027. 26-May-2019

  2028  Field identification: Cerastium arvense ssp. strictum

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium arvense L. ssp. strictum Gaudin.  Field Chickweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, grassland in a ponderosa pines woodland, 23.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9129N, 105.2785W. wgs 1984 Elev. 2055 M. Common early spring forb, growing with Mertensia lanceolata, Thermopsis, Prunus virginiana, and Pinus ponderosa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2028. 26-May-2019

  2029  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio integerrimus Nutt.  Columbia Ragwort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, east side of ridge, 25.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9125N, 105.2764W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2087 m. Deep forest litter in cracks of ridge bedrock.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2029. 26-May-2019

  2030  Field identification: Delphinium, probably D. nuttallii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Ranunculaceae

Delphinium nuttallianum Pritz.  Twolobe Larkspur.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, east side of ridge, 25.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9124N, 105.2765W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2089 m. Perennial plant from a thickened tuber-like root; flowers blue. In thick soil and forest duff on the exposed east side of a ridge.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2030. 26-May-2019


Full Size ImageFruit of Coll. No. 2031, Lomatium orientale
Full Size ImageLeaf of Coll. No. 2031, Lomatium orientale
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2031, Lomatium orientale  
2031  Field identification: Lomatium orientale.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Lomatium orientale J.M. Coult. & Rose.  Northern Idaho Biscuitroot.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, east side of ridge, 25.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9125N, 105.2765W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2088 m. In thick soil and forest duff on the exposed east side of a ridge.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2031. 26-May-2019


Full Size ImageFlower of Coll. No. 2032, Zigadenus paniculatus var. gramineus  
2032  Field identification: Zigadenus sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Melanthiaceae

Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson var. gramineus (Rydb.) Ackerfield.  Grassy Death Camas.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, east side of ridge, 25.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9126N, 105.2765W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2087 m. In thick soil and forest duff on the exposed east side of a ridge.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2032. 26-May-2019

Inflorescence, a raceme, no panicle branches seen; Flowers, 9-11 mm. dia.; Tepals, (4)5.4(6) mm., gland indistinct; Stamens, = tepals; Ovary, superior.

  2033  Field identification: Viola nuttallii

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Violaceae

Viola nuttallii Pursh.  Nuttall's Violet.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, west side of ridge, 23.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9123N, 105.2769W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2080 m. Large plants. In deep ponderosa pine forest duff near top of forested west southwest-facing slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2033. 26-May-2019

  2034  Field identification: Leucocrinum montanum

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Anthericeae

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.  Star Lily.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, near the northern edge of the property and the Boulder County boundary, west side of ridge, 23.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9123N, 105.2774W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2076 m. Deep ponderosa pine forest duff.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2034. 26-May-2019

Literature Cited:
- Nazaire, Mare, and Larry Hufford, 2012.
Full Size ImageCorolla of Coll. No. 2035, Mertensia lanceolata  

2035  Field identification: Mertensia lanceolata

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Mertensia lanceolata (Pursh) DC.  Prairie Bluebells.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, north of Bull Gulch about half way to north boundary, west side of ridge, 23.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9104N, 105.2778W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2030 m. Deep ponderosa pine forest duff.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2035. 26-May-2019

Coll. No. 2035, 26 May 2019, characters observed: Perennial, relatively short (<40 cm.); Leaves, cauline, adaxial surface slightly pustular strigose directed toward apex; Calyx, not divided to base; Corolla, tube 6.5 mm. + lobes 7.5 mm., fused 5.5 mm., ring of white hairs near (2.2 mm.) base; Filaments, 3.5 mm., attached below (0.5 mm.) fornices, filaments > anthers; Anthers, #6 (!), 1.8-1.9 mm., versatile.

  2035.1  Field identification: Galium aparine.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rubiaceae

Galium aparine L.  Sticky Willy, Cleavers.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, north of Bull Gulch about half way to north boundary, west side of ridge, 23.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9104N, 105.2778W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2030 m. Annual. Deep ponderosa pine forest duff.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2035.1 26-May-2019

Literature Cited:
- Hufford, Larry, and Michelle McMahon, 2004.
- James, Edwin, 1825.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2036, Besseya plantaginea  

2036  Field identification: Plantaginaceae, office: Besseya plantaginea

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Besseya plantaginea (James) Rydb.  White River Kittentails.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south of Bull Gulch approximate centroid of parcel, 22.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9051N, 105.2791W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2021 m. Northwest facing forested slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2036. 26-May-2019

Full Size Image
Inflorescence of Coll. No. 2036, Besseya plantaginea
Described by James (1825) in his Catalogue of Plants, collected between Palmer Lake and Fountain.

V[eronica] plantaginea. N. S.? Flowers spiked, unibracteate. Capsule nearly orbicular, dehiscent at the margin. Radical leaves numerous and large, oval-lanceolate, stiped. Margin crenate. Those of the scape few, sessile, and alternate, Spike long, dense-flowered.

This plant, so unlike in habit and appearance to the American Species of Veronica, seems referable to no other Genus among the Pediculari of Jussieu, to which it is manifestly nearly allied. Habitat on open plains within the Rocky Mountains; flowering in June and July.

Hufford and McMahon (2004) make a strong argument for submerging Besseya back into Synthyris.

A central concern is the paraphyly of Synthyris in the face of continued recognition of Besseya as a coordinate group. We advocate a classification that reflects our knowledge of evolutionary relationships, especially monophyletic groups. Thus, we consider it important that Besseya be classified as part of Synthyris (Hufford and McMahon, 2004).

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2037, Viola canadensis  
2037  Field indentification: Viola sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Violaceae

Viola canadensis L.  Canadian White Violet.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south of Bull Gulch approximate centroid of parcel, 22.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9044N, 105.2797W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2034 m. Northwest facing forested slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2037. 26-May-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2037.1, Noccaea fendleri var. glauca  
2037.1  Field identification: Noccaea fendleri.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Noccaea fendleri (A. Gray) Holub.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south of Bull Gulch approximate centroid of parcel, 22.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9044N, 105.2797W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2034 m. Northwest facing forested slope. Collected with Besseya plantaginea and Viola canadensis.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2037.1 26-May-2019


Full Size ImageLeaves of Coll. No. 2037.2
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2037.2
Full Size ImageTuber (?) of Coll. No. 2037.2  
2037.2  Accidental collection, probably Delphinium nuttallianum, per the fusiform or tuberous roots, and the ternately compound leaves with spinulose tips.
Full Size Image
Rehydrated Leaves of Coll. No. 2037.2

Full Size ImageWoolly hairs in axils of basal leaves of Coll. No. 2038, Arnica fulgens  
2038  Field identification: Arnica fulgens

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Arnica fulgens Pursh.  Shining Leopardbane.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south of Bull Gulch approximate centroid of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9038N, 105.2788W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2053 m. Open prairie in small saddle.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2038. 26-May-2019

Coll. No. 2038, 26 May 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, 25 cm., fibrous roots; Stem, glandular to densely glandular distally; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, petiole 40 mm. + blade 46 mm. × 12 mm. wide, long brown woolly hairs in the axils, 3-5± subparallel veins, cauline, opposite, 2-3 pairs, sessile, reduced distally, elliptical, glandular adaxial and margin, margin, sinuate to entire, tips, round; Inflorescence, head, 1 per stem, showy, >leaves; Involucre, hemispheric, 11 mm. × 25 mm. wide; Phyllaries, in 2 series (not strongly overlapping), ±equal, 13 mm. × 2.8 mm. wide, green, margin of inner series chartaceous, tips, purplish-red, glandular, margins, ±flat; Receptacle, epaleate, short bristles; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #12-14, tube 4 mm. + blade 11 mm. × 5 mm. wide, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 6 mm. + lobes 1 mm., expanding gradually, yellow, open, bisexual; Pappus, well-developed bristles, barbellate, 7.5 mm.; Cypsela, 4 mm. × 1.3 mm wide, compressed front to back, hairy on angles.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2039, Iris missouriensis  
2039  Field identification: Iris missouriensis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Iridaceae

Iris missouriensis Nutt.  Western Blue Flag.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south of Bull Gulch approximate centroid of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9028N, 105.278W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2041 m. Open prairie in small saddle.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2039. 26-May-2019

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field. Deadman Gulch. Kinney Run.  

Sunday, June 2, 2019

Illinois Avenue, Deadman Gulch, Kinney Run, and Survey Field
  2040  Field identification: Prunus virginiana

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Prunus virginiana L.  Chokecherry.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slightly above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 3.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7339N, 105.216W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1790 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2040. 2-Jun-2019

  2041  Field identification: Rhus trilobata

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Anacardiaceae

Rhus trilobata Torrey & A. Gray.  Squawbush.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slightly above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 3.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7339N, 105.216W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1791 m. Variety trilobata if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2041. 2-Jun-2019

  2042  Field identification: Scutellaria brittonii.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Scutellaria brittonii Porter.  Britton's Skullcap.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slightly above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 50 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.734N, 105.2163W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1798 m. Southeast-facing slope, most dense in and around Rhus trilobata shrubs.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2042. 2-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageSeed of Coll. No. 2042.1, Musineon divaricatum
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2042.1, Musineon divaricatum  
2042.1  Field identification: Musineon divaricatum.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Musineon divaricatum (Pursh) Raf.  Leafy Wildparsley.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slightly above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 50 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.734N, 105.2163W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1798 m. In fruit.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2042.1 2-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageCalyx and corolla of Coll. No. 2043, Orobanche fasciculata
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2043, Orobanche fasciculata  
2043  Field identification: Orobanche fasciculata.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Orobanchaceae

Orobanche fasciculata Nutt.  Clustered Broomrape.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Slightly above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 90 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.734N, 105.2166W. Elev. 1806 m. With Artemisia frigida and Lithospermum incisum

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2043. 2-Jun-2019

stem leaves, #8, glandular-hairy; calyx tube 4.5 mm. + lobes 5 mm.; flowers, #6.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2044, Packera plattensis  
2044  Field identification: Packera plattensis.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & . Lve.  Prairie Groundsel.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 110 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7339N, 105.2169W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1817 m. Northeast-facing slope, more open stoney ground, on what appears to be a southeast to northwest trend approximating the trend of Eagle Ridge to the southeast.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2044. 2-Jun-2019

  2044.1  Field identification: something weird, later: Ipomopsis spicata.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Polemoniaceae

Ipomopsis spicata (Nutt.) V.E. Grant.  Spiked Ipomopsis.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 110 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7339N, 105.2169W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1817 m. Northeast-facing slope, more open stoney ground, on what appears to be a southeast to northwest trend approximating the trend of Eagle Ridge to the southeast.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2044.1 2-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageCyathium of Coll. No. 2044.2, Euphorbia brachycera
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2044.2, Euphorbia brachycera
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2044.2, Euphorbia brachycera  
2044.2  Field identification: Euphorbiaceae, Office: Euphorbia brachycera.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia brachycera Engelm.  Horned Spurge.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Above the watercourse locally named “Kinney Run,” between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 110 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7339N, 105.2169W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1817 m. Northeast-facing slope, more open stoney ground, on what appears to be a southeast to northwest trend approximating the trend of Eagle Ridge to the southeast.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2044.2 2-Jun-2019

  2045  Field identification: Ipomopsis spicata.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Polemoniaceae

Ipomopsis spicata (Nutt.) V.E. Grant.  Spiked Ipomopsis.

Deadman Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Above the watercourse locally named "Kinney Run," between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 140 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. Very near the boundary of the Colorado School of Mines Survey Field. 39.7341N, 105.2171W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1815 m. Northeast-facing slope, more open stoney ground, on what appears to be a southeast to northwest trend approximating the trend of Eagle Ridge to the southeast. Same as Coll. No. 2044.1. A little beaten down by recent hail.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2045. 2-Jun-2019

  2046  Field identification: Oxytropis lambertii.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Oxytropis lambertii Pursh.  Purple Locoweed.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. Above the watercourse locally named "Kinney Run," between US Highway 6 and Eagle Ridge Drive, 190 m. northwest of Kinney Run Trail, 3.17 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. Very near the boundary of the Colorado School of Mines Survey Field. 39.7341N, 105.2175W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1810 m. A collection of O. lambertii by Edward L. Greene on May 1, 1870 is the first known plant collection from Golden (PBRU35080).

Collected by permit: Colorado School of Mines, 2019, issued: Apr 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2046. 2-Jun-2019

  2047  Field identification: Cercocarpus montanus.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Cercocarpus montanus Raf.  Alder-Leaf Mountain Mahogany.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. Southeast portion of the Survey Field, overlooking an unnamed creek, on the lip of an northwest-facing alluvial terrace, 3.09 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7342N, 105.2191W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1825 m. Mixed-grass prairie and shrubland.

Collected by permit: Colorado School of Mines, 2019, issued: Apr 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2047. 2-Jun-2019

  2048  Field identification: Physocarpus monogynus Crataegus succulenta

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link.  Fleshy Hawthorn.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest Great Plains at the Rocky Mountain Front Range, southeast portion of Survey Field, beside a small unnamed stream tributary to Deadman Gulch (Kinney Run), 2.9 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7357N, 105.219W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1800 m. Thorns 4.3-4.8 mm.

Collected by permit: Colorado School of Mines, 2019, issued: Apr 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2048. 2-Jun-2019

  2049  Field identification: Antennaria parvifolia.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Antennaria parvifolia Nutt.  Small-Leaf Pussytoes.

Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, Jefferson County, Colorado. Highest Great Plains at the Rocky Mountain Front Range, southeast portion of Survey Field, on a terrace above a small unnamed stream tributary to Deadman Gulch (Kinney Run), 2.9 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7357N, 105.2176W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1808 m.

Collected by permit: Colorado School of Mines, 2019, issued: Apr 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2049. 2-Jun-2019

Locations: North Table Mountain.  

Tuesday, June 4, 2019

 
  2050  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Aegilops cylindrica Host.  Jointed Goat Grass.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower southwest slopes of North Table Mountain, along the lower portion of the City of Golden North Table Mountain trail, 1.9 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7687N, 105.2231W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1806 m. Highest prairie mixed with foothill shrubs, also collected nearby Sphaeralcea coccinea, Linaria dalmatica, and Thinopyrum intermedium.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2050. 4-Jun-2019

  2051  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth.  Needle and Thread.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower southwest slopes of North Table Mountain, along the lower portion of the City of Golden North Table Mountain trail, 1.9 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7687N, 105.223W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1828 m. Highest prairie mixed with foothill shrubs, also collected nearby: Aegilops cylindrica, Sphaeralcea coccinea, Linaria dalmatica, and Thinopyrum intermedium.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2051. 4-Jun-2019

  2052  Field identification: Lithospermum occidentale.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Lithospermum occidentale (Mack.) Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes.  Western Gromwell nee Marbleseed.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower southwest slopes of North Table Mountain, along the lower portion of the City of Golden North Table Mountain trail, 1.9 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7687N, 105.223W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1836 m. Highest prairie mixed with foothill shrubs, also collected nearby: Aegilops cylindrica, Hesperostipa comata, Sphaeralcea coccinea, Linaria dalmatica, and Thinopyrum intermedium.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2052. 4-Jun-2019

  2053  Field identification: Sphaeralcea coccinea.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Malvaceae

Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb.  Scarlet Globemallow.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower southwest slopes of North Table Mountain, along the lower portion of the City of Golden North Table Mountain trail, 1.95 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7689N, 105.2233W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1837 m. Most dense along disturbed trail sides, the roots of this one extended under the trail. Highest prairie mixed with foothill shrubs, also collected nearby: Aegilops cylindrica, Hesperostipa comata, Lithospermum occidentale, Linaria dalmatica, and Thinopyrum intermedium.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2053. 4-Jun-2019

  2054  Field identification: Linaria dalmatica.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.  Dalmatian ToadFlax.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower southwest slopes of North Table Mountain, on the section line between Sections 21 and 28 which for unknown reason has been plowed or otherwise disturbed, 1.95 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.769N, 105.2228W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1848 m. Highest prairie mixed with foothill shrubs, also collected nearby: Aegilops cylindrica, Hesperostipa comata, Lithospermum occidentale, Sphaeralcea coccinea, and Thinopyrum intermedium.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2054. 4-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2055, Zigadenus paniculatus var. gramineus
Full Size ImagePanicle at base of inflorescence of Coll. No. 2055, Zigadenus paniculatus var. gramineus  
2055  Field identification: Zigadene lily.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Melanthiaceae

Zigadenus paniculatus (Nutt.) S. Watson var. gramineus (Rydb.) Ackerfield.  Grassy Death Camas.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small grassy areas on the upper southwest slope of North Table Mountain, hummocky terrain, probably in the head of one or more landslides, 1.95 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.769N, 105.2211W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1907 m. One of three plants collected is paniculate and then only at the base of the inflorescence. In a small wedge of Jefferson County lands, between two City of Golden-owned parcels.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2055. 4-Jun-2019

  2056  Field identification: Carex sp.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Carex occidentalis L. H. Bailey.  Western Sedge.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small grassy areas on the upper southwest slope of North Table Mountain, hummocky terrain, probably in the head of one or more landslides, 1.98 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7692N, 105.2209W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1905 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2056. 4-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2056, 4 Jun 2019, characters observed: Perennial sedge; Habit, caespitose; Culms, to 50 cm., slightly scabrous especially below the inflorescence; Leaves, 1.7 mm. wide, green, sheaths, white-hyaline, ventrally smooth; Inflorescence, 29 mm. × 10 mm. wide, loosely clustered; Spikes, identical appearing, 6 mm. × 5 mm. wide, terminal and lateral androgynous (there are no anthers, but the flowers at the top of each spike contain white filaments); Bracts, 5 mm., proximal, 10 mm., <inflorescence, leaf-like; Pistillate scales, 3.5 mm., <perigynia, mid-vein green, brown laterally, hyaline margin; Perigynia, #12 per spike, 4 mm. × 1.6-1.8(2) mm. wide, weakly winged, ±veinless, glabrous, beak, 1 mm., flattish, dorsally bulged and the margin is displaced but not onto the ventral face; Achene, 2.3 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, biconvex, short oblong; Stigmas, #2; Anthers, n/a;


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2057, Poa pratensis  
2057  Field identification: Poa sp.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Poa pratensis L.  Kentucky Bluegrass.

North Table Mountain, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small grassy areas on the upper southwest slope of North Table Mountain, hummocky terrain, probably in the head of one or more landslides, 1.96 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7691N, 105.2211W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1905 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2057. 4-Jun-2019

  2058  Field identification: Physocarpus monogynus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Physocarpus monogynus (Torr.) J.M. Coult.  Mountain Ninebark.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small grassy areas on the upper southwest slope of North Table Mountain, hummocky terrain, probably in the head of one or more landslides, 1.94 km. north of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7689N, 105.2209W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1912 m. In a small wedge of Jefferson County Open Space lands between two City of Golden parcels.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2058. 4-Jun-2019

Locations: Lippincott Property.  

Thursday, June 6, 2019

Lippincott property with Anthony Massaro, Tanner Marshall, Megan Bowes, and Chris Wanner.
  2059  Field identification: Senecio integerrimus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio integerrimus Nutt.  Columbia Ragwort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2741W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2027 m. Ponderosa pine woodland where the highest Great Plains meets the Rocky Mountain Front Range, parcel disturbed by cattle grazing and clay mining.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2059. 6-Jun-2019

  2060  Field identification: Potentilla fissa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla fissa Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray.  Bigflower Cinquefoil.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9021N, 105.2769W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2019 m. Growing with Potentilla recta which was not yet in bloom. GPS coordinates were doubtful and revised using GoogleEarth.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Anthony Massaro and Tanner Marshall 2060. 6-Jun-2019

The coordinates reported by my GPS receiver were (39.902637117,-105.275957342), but when mapped in ArcMap they were up on the side of the hogback. I'm sure the collection was made below the hogback fairly close to the stream. I used GoogleEarth to estimate different coordinates of (39.902078,-105.276874) which are about 125 m. to the southwest.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2061, Crataegus succulenta  
2061  Field identification: Crataegus succulenta.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Crataegus succulenta Schrad. ex Link.  Fleshy Hawthorn.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.902N, 105.2771W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2025 m. Highest Great Plains meets the Rocky Mountain Front Range, bottomland between two hogbacks, parcel disturbed by cattle grazing and clay mining.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2061. 6-Jun-2019

  2062  Field identification: Penstemon virens.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Penstemon virens Pennell ex Rydb.  Front Range Beardtongue.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9026N, 105.278W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2040 m. Highest Great Plains meets the Rocky Mountain Front Range, southern edge of a small meadow in a saddle, parcel disturbed by cattle grazing and clay mining.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2062. 6-Jun-2019

  2063  Field identification: Veronica, maybe V. arvensis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Veronica arvensis L.  Corn Speedwell.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9035N, 105.2782W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2044 m. Annual, inflorescence terminal, pedicel short, corolla blue. Margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron. Very wet.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2063. 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageFruit of Coll. No. 2063.1, Veronica biloba
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2063.1, Veronica biloba  
2063.1  Accidental collection, some kind of Veronica.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Veronica biloba L.  Twolobe Speedwell.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9035N, 105.2782W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2044 m. Annual, petiole short, flowers in terminal raceme, pedicels long, style short, fruit notch deep. Margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron. Very wet. Collected with V. arvensis.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2063.1 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2063.2, Alyssum alyssoides  
2063.2  Accidental collection: Alyssum alyssoides

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Alyssum alyssoides (L.) L.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9035N, 105.2782W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2044 m. Margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron. Very wet. Collected with Veronica arvensis and V. biloba.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2063.2 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2063.3, Erodium cicutarium
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2063.3, Erodium cicutarium
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2063.3, Erodium cicutarium  
2063.3  Accidental collection: unknown.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Geraniaceae

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her. ex Aiton.  Redstem Stork's Bill.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9035N, 105.2782W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2044 m. Margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron. Very wet. Collected with Veronica arvensis and V. biloba.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2063.3 6-Jun-2019

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 2085, 17 Jun 2019 Glossary calyculus
Full Size ImageStout and erect caudex of Coll. No. 2064, Packera plattensis.
Full Size ImageInconspicuous calyculi in the head of Coll. No. 2064, Packera plattensis  

2064  Field identification: Packera streptanthifolia, possibly the same as Coll. No. 2085, office identification: P. plattensis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & . Lve.  Prairie Groundsel.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9027N, 105.2782W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2038 m. South margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron, quite wet from runoff of the meadow.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2064. 6-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2064, 6 June 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, 25-35 cm., caudex, some, perhaps the older ones, are stout and erect; Stem, tomentose, especially in axils, thinning distally; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, petiole, 35-40 mm, long, thin not winged, tomentose, blade 20-24 mm. × 7-9 mm. wide, ovate, some (7 of 23 = 30%) lyrate, 2-7-2.8 × longer than wide, mid-vein tomentose thinning distally, tips, mostly entire, few 3-toothed, cauline, reduced distally, sessile, base not auriculate, increasingly pinnatisect distally; Inflorescence heads #3-5 per stem, >leaves; Peduncles, 8-12 mm.; Involucre, 5 mm. × 9 mm. wide, ovoid, thinly tomentose; Phyllaries, in 2 equal series, 5.5 mm. × 1.0-1.3 mm. wide, green, thinly tomentose, margins, flat, scarious, tip, reddish brown; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, of 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #10-12, tube 3 mm. + blade 6.5-7.5 mm. × 2.7 mm. wide, color yellow, fertile; Disk flowers many, tube 4 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm., throat expanding gradually, yellow, open, bisexual; Pappus, many, well-developed. Bristles, 4.5 mm., ±equal; Fruit, 1.2 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, compressed front-to-back, color brown, margin, thinly pubescent or fringed(?).

The following was abstracted from FNANM (2019):

Packera streptanthifolia (Greene) W. A. Weber & . Lve, Phytologia. 49: 48. 1981. Packera pseudaurea (Rydberg) W. A. Weber & . Lve, Phytologia. 49: 48. 1981. Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & . Lve, Phytologia. 49: 48. 1981. Coll. No. 2064
Rocky Mountain groundsel False-gold groundsel Prairie groundsel
Perennials, 1050+ cm; fibrous-rooted (caudices weak to stout, horizontal to suberect). Perennials, 2070+ cm; fibrous-rooted (bases simple or branched, horizontal to erect). Biennials or perennials, 2060+ cm; rhizomatous and/or fibrous-rooted (bases erect to suberect), sometimes stoloniferous (mostly eastern populations). Perennial herb, 25-35cm., caudex , some, perhaps older ones, are stout and erect;
Stems 1 or 25, clustered, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely floccose-tomentose proximally and in leaf axils. Stems usually 1, sometimes 24, clustered, glabrous or sparsely tomentose proximally. Stems 1 or 23, clustered, floccose-tomentose proximally and in leaf axils, otherwise sparsely tomentose or glabrescent. Stem, tomentose, especially in axils, thinning distally;
Basal leaves (and proximal cauline, relatively thick and turgid) petiolate; blades spatulate to oblanceolate, or ovate to orbiculate, 2040+ 1030+ mm, bases tapering to abruptly contracted or subcordate, margins entire, crenate, dentate, or weakly lobulate (faces usually glabrous, sometimes hairy). Basal leaves petiolate; blades usually broadly lanceolate to ovate, sometimes subhastate, 2050+ 2040+ mm, bases truncate to subcordate or obtuse, margins crenate, denticulate, bluntly dentate, or sharply dentate (proximal cauline leaves petiolate; margins usually pinnately lobed to laciniate, sometimes subentire). Basal leaves (and proximal cauline) petiolate; blades narrowly elliptic to elliptic-ovate or oblanceolate to suborbiculate or sublyrate, 2070+ 1030+ mm, bases tapering to rounded or abruptly contracted, margins subentire to crenate, serrate-dentate, or pinnately lobed (abaxial faces floccose-tomentose, especially along midribs, glabrescent). Basal leaves, petiole, 35-40mm, long, thin not winged, tomentose, blade 20-24mm. 7-9mm. wide, ovate, some (7 of 23 = 30%) lyrate, 2-7-2.8 longer than wide, mid-vein tomentose thinning distally, tips, mostly entire, some 3-toothed;
Cauline leaves gradually to abruptly reduced ( petiolate or sessile; entire or subentire). Cauline leaves gradually reduced (becoming sessile, sometimes clasping). Cauline leaves gradually reduced (petiolate, sublyrate or pinnatisect, abaxial faces sparsely hairy; distals sessile, subentire to irregularly dissected). Cauline leaves, reduced distally, sessile, base not auriculate, inreasingly pinnatisect distally;
Heads 220+ in loose, corymbiform or subumbelliform arrays. Peduncles bracteate, glabrous or sparsely tomentose. Heads 520+ in open or congested, subumbelliform arrays. Heads 620+ in open or congested, corymbiform arrays. Peduncles conspicuously bracteate, sparsely to densely tomentose. Inflorescence, heads #3-5 per stem, >leaves;
Peduncles bracteate, glabrous. Peduncles, 8-12mm.;
Calyculi conspicuous. [However, looking at images of vouchers, I don't see conspicuous calyculi.] Calyculi inconspicuous. Calyculi inconspicuous. (Calyculi inconspicuous)
    Involucre, 5mm. 9mm. wide, ovoid, thinly tomentose;
Phyllaries (8)13 or 21, green (tips sometimes cyanic), 47+ mm, glabrous. Phyllaries (13)21(30+), light green, 38 mm, glabrous. Phyllaries 13 or 21, green (tips sometimes cyanic), 56+ mm, densely tomentose proximally, glabrescent distally. Phyllaries, in 2 equal series, 5.5mm. 1.0-1.3mm. wide, green, thinly tomentose, margins, flat, scarious, tip, reddish brown;
Receptacle, epaleate;
    Flowers, of 2 kinds;
Ray florets 8 or 13; corolla laminae 510 mm. Ray florets 0, 8, or 13; corolla laminae 610+ mm Ray florets 810; corolla laminae 910 mm. Ray flowers, #10-12, tube 3mm. + blade 6.5-7.5mm. 2.7mm. wide, color yellow, fertile;
Disc florets 3560+; corolla tubes 24 mm, limbs 2.54 mm. Disc florets 7080+; corolla tubes 2.53.5 mm, limbs 23 mm. Disc florets 6070+; corolla tubes 2.53.5 mm, limbs 3.54.5 mm. Disk flowers many, tube 4mm. + lobes 0.5mm., throat expanding gradually, yellow, open, bisexual;
    Pappus, many, well-developed. Bristles, 4.5mm., equal;
Cypselae 12.5 mm, glabrous; pappi 36 mm. Cypselae 11.5 mm, glabrous; pappi 4.55.5 mm. Cypselae 1.52.5 mm, usually hirtellous, sometimes glabrous; pappi 6.57.5 mm. Fruit, 1.2mm. 0.5mm. wide, compressed front-to-back, color brown, margin, thinly pubescent;
Filename: 280Packera_plattensis_streptanthifolia.html
  2065  Field identification: Allium geyeri.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Alliaceae

Allium geyeri S. Watson.  Geyer's Onion.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9028N, 105.2781W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2039 m. South margin of a small meadow in saddle between hogback and flatiron, quite wet from runoff of the meadow.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2065. 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2066, 6 June 2019  
2066  Field identification: Besseya plantaginea.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Besseya plantaginea (James) Rydb.  White River Kittentails.
    (=Synthyris plantaginea (James) Benth.)

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, 22.5 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.904N, 105.2801W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2038 m. Northwest slope, deep shade.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2066. 6-Jun-2019

  2067  Field identification: Lithospermum incisum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Lithospermum incisum Lehm.  Narrowleaf Stoneseed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, north-central area of parcel, 22.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9055N, 105.28W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2022 m. Edge of ponderosa pine woodland exposed to prairie to the south.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2067. 6-Jun-2019

  2068  Field identification: Oreobatus deliciosus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Rubus deliciosus Torr.  Delicious raspberry.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by City of Boulder and Jefferson County Open Space, north-central area of parcel, 23.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9073N, 105.2805W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2020 m. Highest prairie at edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2068. 6-Jun-2019

  2069  Field identification: Woodsia sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Dryopteridaceae

Woodsia oregana D.C. Eaton ssp. cathcartiana (B.L. Rob.) Windham.  Rocky Mountain Woodsia.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south bank of Bull Gulch, 23.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2784W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1997 m. Deep shade. Same as Coll. No. 2019, 18 Apr 2019.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2069. 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2069.1, Osmorhiza, cf. O. depauperata  
2069.1  Field identification: Sweet-Cicely.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Osmorhiza depauperata Phil.  Blunt-Fruit Sweet-Cicely.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south bank of Bull Gulch, 23.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2784W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1997 m. Immature.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2069.1 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2069.2, Pseudostellaria jamesiana  
2069.2  Field identification: Pseudostellaria sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Pseudostellaria jamesiana (Torr.) W. A. Weber & R. L. Hartm.  Tuber Starwort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, south bank of Bull Gulch, 23.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2784W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1997 m. Also collected here: Osmorhiza depauperata and Woodsia oregana.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2069.2 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2070, Carex nebrascensis  
2070  Field identification: Carex nebrascensis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Carex nebrascensis Dewey.  Nebraska Sedge.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, northern portion of property, sunny site on the south bank of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9079N, 105.277W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1957 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2070. 6-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2070, 6 June 2019, Characters observed: Perennial sedge, rhizomatous; Culms, to 30 cm., lightly scabrous below head; Leaves, 5.5 mm. wide, green, glabrous, sheaths, white-hyaline, ventrally smooth; Inflorescence, 75 mm. × 16 mm. wide, #4 spikes, loosely clustered; Spikes, differentiated, terminal staminate, lateral pistillate, erect, proximal pistillate, 18-29 mm. × 6-7 mm. wide; Bracts, 12 mm., short, proximal, 76 mm., < inflorescence, bristle=like; Pistillate scales, 3.5 mm., ≤ perigynia, green mid-vein, black laterally, awn, short; Perigynia, many per spike, 3 mm. × 1.6 mm. wide, wingless, faces veined, glabrous, beak, 0.4 mm. flattish; Achene, unknown; Stigma, #2; Anthers, 3.5-3.7 mm.; Habitat, streamside.

Other articles: Glossary spathe
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2071, Sisyrinchium montanum  

2071  Field identification: Sisyrinchium sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Iridaceae

Sisyrinchium montanum Greene.  Rocky Mountain Blue-Eyed Grass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, northern portion of property, sunny site on the south bank of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9079N, 105.277W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1957 m. Outer spathe bract avg. 2.17× inner, corolla blue-violet.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2071. 6-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2072, Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare  
2072  Field identification: Cerastium sp., something different that we usually see.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium fontanum Baumgarten ssp. vulgare (Hartman) Greuter & Burdet.  Common Mouse-Ear.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, northern portion of property, sunny site on the south bank of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9079N, 105.277W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1963 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2072. 6-Jun-2019

  2073  Field identification: Liverwort

Deferred to match with Coll. No. 2171.

  2074  Field identification: Clematis hirsutissima.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Ranunculaceae

Clematis hirsutissima Pursh.  Hairy Clematis, Sugar Bowls.

Lindsay/JEFFCO, Jefferson County, Colorado. On the City of Boulder OSMP parcel just west across the fence from the Lippincott Parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9074N, 105.2759W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1970 m.

Collected by permit: City of Boulder OSMP, issued: May 18, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2074. 6-Jun-2019

 

Sunday, June 9, 2019

North Table Mountain field trip for Colorado Native Plant Society.

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Monday, June 10, 2019

Ranson/Edwards

Full Size ImageFruit of Coll. No. 2075, Lomatium orientale
Full Size ImageInflorescence with fruit of Coll. No. 2075, Lomatium orientale  
2075  Field identification: Lomatium orientale in fruit.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Lomatium orientale J.M. Coult. & Rose.  Northern Idaho Biscuitroot.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO 72 from CO 93, 1.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then approx. 300 m. northeast on an old road in the direction of the original homestead. Open prairie, lightly grazed in some recent years. 39.8919N, 105.2603W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1941 m. In fruit. Geographic coordinates estimated with GoogleEarth.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2075. 10-Jun-2019

  2076  Field identification: Scutellaria brittonii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Scutellaria brittonii Porter.  Britton's Skullcap.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.7 mi. west on CO 72 from CO 93, 1.1 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then approx. 75 m. east. 39.8893N, 105.261W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1936 m. Relatively dry terrace on south side of small creek, in open prairie, lightly grazed in some recent years.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2076. 10-Jun-2019

 

Friday, June 14, 2019

North Washington Open Space, Cressman Gulch, and Dakota Ridge.

Locations: North Washington Open Space.
Full Size ImagePartially weeded patch os smooth brome at the top of the hill.
Full Size ImagePost-weeding photo, not terribly enlightening.  

Weeded a patch of smooth brome on top of the hill.

There was an isolated patch of smooth brome mixed into the remnant mixed-grass prairie on top of the hill. I estimate it to be 1 to 1.5 square meters in size.

Over the course of two days, with about 1 hours of work, I pulled all of it. This resulted in 2 shopping bags of grass to dispose of. Probably weighed about 5 pounds. This material was removed to my residence and disposed of in the yard waste bin.

Generally, the culms snapped off at the ground surface. Though, in about to 1/3 of the stems I removed at least some root material. Occasionally I would get a rhizome to 6-8 cm in length.

I pulled mostly smooth brome, although occasionally I would also pull cheatgrass and alyssum.

I occasionally accidently pulled a native, such as mistaking a stem of scurf pea for a culm of smooth brome. However, overall, I suspect I did more damage to natives with my knees and shoes that by accidently pulling them.

Access to the patch without damaging the native vegetation was difficult. The plants are sometimes hidden in the litter, and sometimes too dense to step anywhere without stepping on a native. I noticed this with the cacti and with Eriogonum effusum.

The remaining native plant vegetation is shown in the list below.

Within the patch of smooth brome there were many small Echinocereus viridiflorus. It is not clear to me whether the small cacti were new seedlings and the smooth brome was acting like a nurse plant, or whether the cacti were small because of competition with the smooth brome.

Will removal of smooth brome simply prepare more habitat for cheatgrass and alyssum?

How quickly will the smooth brome re-assert its dominance in the patch?

How many years of weeding are necessary to completely remove the smooth brome?

Without post-weeding water, will the remaining natives suffer from root disturbance and from sudden exposure?

Should cheatgrass and alyssum be removed at the same time?

When weeding smooth brome around natives, should we be pulling the culms, or digging out the crowns and rhizomes?

Full Size Image
Cacti exposed by weeding the smooth brome.
After weeding, I observed the following native plants in the weeded plot.
  • Artemisia dracunculus L. Tarragon, Dragon Wort
  • Artemisia frigida Willd. Prairie Sagewort
  • Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Silver Wormwood
  • Erigeron divergens Torr. & A. Gray. Spreading Fleabane
  • Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners. Hairy False Goldenaster
  • Hymenopappus filifolius Hook. Polycephalus (Osterh.) B.L. Turner. Many-Headed Fine-Leaved Wooly-White
  • Coryphantha missouriensis (Sweet) Britton & Rose. Missouri Foxtail Cactus
  • Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. Nylon Hedgehog Cactus
  • Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm. Twistspine Pricklypear
  • Oxytropis lambertii Pursh. Purple Locoweed
  • Eriogonum effusum Nutt. Spreading Buckwheat
  • Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. Ex A. Gray. Star Lily
  • Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth. Needle and Thread

Literature Cited:
- Friends of Bidwell Park, 2019.
- Martine, Christopher T., Stacey Leicht-Young, Patrick Herron, and Andrew Latimer, 2008.

Other articles: Wyoming Street at N trail at Ridge  

Looked for Colutea arborescens along Cressman Gulch.

C. arborescens is native to Europe and North Africa, but it is known on other continents where it is grown as an ornamental and used in landscaping for erosion control. It is also known in the wild as an occasionally weedy escapee from cultivation.

C. arborescens is on the monitor list of noxious weeds for Washington state, but has no special status in Colorado. Friends of Bidwell Park (Chico, California) lists it under the heading of "Plants ranked #1 on park priority list: Highly invasive. Should have immediate management," with the following comments,

Came from 1 plant in 1890s. Control attempted in past, focused eradication program started by FOBP in May, 2003 with about 1M plants removed so far. People spread seeds by "popping" pods as they walk through the park.

C. arborescens has potential to become invasive in New England (Martine, et al., 2008)

Full Size Image
View of City of Golden open space from Wyoming Street.
Full Size Image
Flower of Colutea arborescens
Full Size Image
Colutea arborescens along Cressman Gulch trail near Wyoming St.
Full Size Image
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) out-competing bladder senna (Colutea arborescens) in Cressman Gulch.

Other articles: Catamount Drive near city shops Recreational Trail (Pine Ridge Estates) near spur

Locations: Dakota Ridge. North Table Mountain.
Full Size ImageYucca glauca “Soapweed Yucca” on Dakota Ridge.  

South end of Dakota Ridge. Walked diagonally up the ridge, noting plants as I went. Observed 44 natives and 17 exotic plants, for a total of 61 taxa. I also collected nine golf balls. Collected geographic coordinates for the gold balls, so we can plot their location and estimate the source of them.
Full Size Image
Gaillardia aristida on Dakota Ridge.
Full Size Image
North Table Mountain from Dakota Ridge
Full Size Image
Slickensides on Dakota Ridge.
Full Size Image
Golf balls collected on Dakota Ridge.
Full Size Image
Southwest slope of North Table Mountain, City of Golden open space.

Literature Cited:
- Fernandez-Mazuecos, Mario, Jose Luis Blanco-Pastor, and Pablo Vargas, 2013.
- Sutton, D. A., 1988.

Other articles: Golden Checklist Flora Dakota Ridge Linaria canadensis texana Field Notes 22 March 2020

Locations: Dakota Ridge.  

2077  Field identification: Scroph s.l. (?), office: Nuttallanthus texana.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Nuttallanthus texanus (Scheele) D. A. Sutton.  Blue Toadflax, Texas Toadflax.

Dakota Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. Western slope, southernmost end of Dakota Ridge, 4.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden 39.7821N, 105.2375W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1899 m. In sedimentary rocks with Rhus trilobata and Heterotheca villosa. Name of ridge is taken from Van Horn (1972) Geology of Golden quadrangle, but is otherwise not accepted by the USGS.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2077. 14-Jun-2019

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 2077, Linaria canadensis var. texana
Sutton (1988) separated the North American Linaria into their own genus. However, Fernandez-Mazuecos, et al. (2013) show that acceptance of Nuttallanthus renders Linaria paraphyletic.

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageMy assistants for a day of collecting.  

Monday, June 17, 2019

Lippincott Property.
  2078  Field identification: Penstemon virens.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Penstemon virens Pennell ex Rydb.  Front Range Beardtongue.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.902N, 105.2731W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1995 m. With mixed grasses and forbs in a gently sloped ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2078. 17-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2079, Rumex acetosella  
2079  Field identification: Sorrel.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Rumex acetosella L.  Sheep Sorrel.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9021N, 105.2726W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1995 m. With mixed grasses and forbs in a gently sloped ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2079. 17-Jun-2019

  2080  Field identification: Arnica fulgens.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Arnica fulgens Pursh.  Shining Leopardbane.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9022N, 105.2721W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1992 m. With mixed grasses and forbs in a gently sloped, open ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2080. 17-Jun-2019

Literature Cited:
- Pursh, Frederick, 1814.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2081, Phacelia heterophylla  

2081  Field identification: Phacelia heterophylla.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Phacelia heterophylla Pursh.  Varileaf Phacelia.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9023N, 105.2717W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1992 m. Open ponderosa pine woodland with a lot of cheatgrass. Subspecies heterophylla if infraspecific names are to be applied, as this is not the subspecies virgata found in northern California and Oregon.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2081. 17-Jun-2019

Described by Pursh (1814) from a collection by M. Lewis Jun-Jul, 1806 on the banks of the Kooskooskie (Clearwater) River.

  2081.1  Field identification: Camelina microcarpa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC.  Little-Podded False Flax.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9023N, 105.2717W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1992 m. Open ponderosa pine woodland with a lot of cheatgrass.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2081.1 17-Jun-2019

  2081.2  Field identification: Descurainia sofia.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth.  Needle and Thread.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2697W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1972 m. Edge of open ponderosa pine woodland at break in slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2082.1 17-Jun-2019

  2082  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.  Prairie Junegrass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2697W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1972 m. Edge of open ponderosa pine woodland at break in slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2082. 17-Jun-2019

  2082.1  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth.  Needle and Thread.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2697W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1972 m. Edge of open ponderosa pine woodland at break in slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2082.1 17-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2083, Achillea millifolium
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2083, Achillea millifolium  
2083  Field identification: Achillea millifolium.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Achillea millefolium L.  Common Yarrow.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2697W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1976 m. Edge of open ponderosa pine woodland at break in slope.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2083. 17-Jun-2019

  2084  Field identification: Vicia americana.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Vicia americana Willd.  American Vetch.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9023N, 105.2696W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1973 m. Flowers magenta to purple, fading light blue. Edge of open ponderosa pine woodland at break in slope. Variety minor if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2084. 17-Jun-2019

Other articles: Field Notes Coll. No. 2064, 6 Jun 2019
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2085, Packera plattensis  

2085  Field identification: Packera? Senecio?

Possibly the same as Coll. No. 2064

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Packera plattensis (Nuttall) W. A. Weber & . Lve.  Prairie Groundsel.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2694W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1965 m. South-facing slope with grasses and forbs.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2085. 17-Jun-2019

  2086  Field identification: Allium geyeri.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Alliaceae

Allium geyeri S. Watson.  Geyer's Onion.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9023N, 105.2722W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1987 m. Nearly flat, open ponderosa pine woodland with grasses and forbs.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2086. 17-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageCiliate glumes of Coll. No. 2087, Hordeum murinum  
2087  Field identification: Hordeum sp., probably H. jubatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Hordeum murinum L.  Mouse Barley.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, narrows of the parcel between central and southeast portions, 22 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2737W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1997 m. Disturbed site at junction of two ranch roads on the edge of a flat, open ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2087. 17-Jun-2019

Auricles, to 3 mm., glumes ciliate.

 

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Golden to Steamboat Springs.

Full Size ImageHerding cows to summer pasture.  
Herding cows across the road.

Other articles: CO Hwy 131 in Toponas

Locations: The Flat Tops. Toponas.
Full Size ImageDowntown Toponas  

Toponas

Full Size Image
The Flat Tops, as seen from Toponas.
Full Size Image
North side of Toponas.
Toponas consists of a large general store with gas pumps, and a few ranch houses and attendant outbuildings. Despite the small size of the town, this is a strategic location, lying in a broad mountain pass on the divide between the Yampa River to the north and the Colorado River to the south. As a result, the town is traversed by not only State Highway 131, but also the former Craig branch of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad.

Other articles: County Route 5 along route

Locations: Egeria Park.
Full Size ImageBald Eagle on a post in Egeria Park.  

Egeria Park

Full Size Image
County Route 5 east through Egeria Park.
Full Size Image
County Route 5 west toward the Flat Tops
West ot Toponas and south of Five Pine Mesa.

Other articles: County Route 3 at edge of mesa at ditch at gulch Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer Stillwater Ditch

Locations: Five Pine Mesa.
Full Size ImageUnnamed gulch on Five Pine Mesa.  

Five Pine Mesa

Full Size Image
Stillwater Ditch (Five Pine Mesa Ditch) coming down from Stillwater Reservoir.
Full Size Image
Stillwater Ditch (Five Pine Mesa Ditch) coming down to Toponas and eventually the Colorado River.
Full Size Image
Yampa and the uppermost Yampa River valley.
Across the top of Five Pine Mesa on County Route 3.

Other articles: County Road 7 at Main St

Locations: Yampa.
Full Size ImageMoffatt Avenue in Yampa  

Yampa
Full Size Image
Business at the center of Yampa.
 

Thursday, June 20 2019

Steamboat Springs north to Steamboat Lake State Park.

Other articles: Forest Road 60 near forest boundary
Full Size ImageArea of Steamboat Springs from Forest Road 60  

Buffalo Pass

Road closed!

Other articles: County Route 129 at Steamboat Lk

Locations: Hahns Peak. Sand Mountain. Steamboat Lake State Park.
Full Size ImagePanorama at Steamboat Lake State Park.  

Steamboat Lake State Park

Full Size Image
Hahn's Peak from the valley below.
Full Size Image
Sand Mountain seen from Steamboat Lake State Park.
 

Other articles: County Route 129 at FR 486

Locations: Hahns Peak Lake.
Full Size ImageVegetation zones above Hahns Peak Lake.  

Hahns Peak Lake

Vegetation zones at Hahn's Peak Lake, grasses and Douglas fir near shore, Lodgepole pines, willows on lower slope with aspen in the draw, sagebrush near the top, with junipers on the dry summit.
Full Size Image
Hahns Peak Lake.
 

Friday, June 21, 2019

Snow day, around Steamboat Springs.

Other articles: US Hwy 40 Steamboat Springs

Locations: Steamboat Springs.
Full Size ImageSnow on the first day of Summer in Steamboat Springs.  

Snowy morning in Steamboat Springs.
Full Size Image
Steamboat Springs depot, now an art center.
Full Size Image
Rio Grande caboose at former Steamboat Springs depot.
 

Saturday, June 22, 2019

Steamboat Springs to Golden.

Other articles: US Hwy 40 on US Hwy 40

Locations: Lake CataMount.
Full Size ImageLake Catamount on the Yampa River.  

View from US Hwy 40 south of Steamboat Springs.

Other articles: US Hwy 40 along Muddy Ck

Locations: Baker Mountain.
Full Size ImageBaker Mountain on a snowy second day of summer.  

Upper portion of the valley of Muddy Creek.
Full Size Image
Whiteley Peak in the valley of Muddy Creek.

Other articles: Township Route 132 near H. Mill

Locations: Henderson Mill.
Full Size ImageHenderson Mill  

Henderson Mill and Ute Pass

Full Size Image
Tailings Pond.
 

Locations: North Washington Open Space.  

Tuesday, 25 June 2019

Field trip to North Washington Open Space for Stewards of Golden Open Space.

Locations: North Washington Open Space.  

Wednesday, 26 June 2019

North Washington Open Space
  2088  Field identification: Melilotus officinalis.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.  Yellow Sweet Clover.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.20 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7686N, 105.2313W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1803 m. Extreme southeastern corner, approx. 5 m. in the parcel owned by Villas at Canyon Point, LLC.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2088. 26-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2089, Triticum aestivum
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2089, Triticum aestivum  
2089  Field identification: Wheat

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Triticum aestivum L.  Wheat.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.20 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7686N, 105.2312W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1803 m. Extreme southeastern corner of open space, probably a contaminant in grass seed used for revegetation following construction of condominiums at 410-416 N. Ford St.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2089. 26-Jun-2019

Literature Cited:
- Ackerfield, Jennifer, 2015.
- Baldwin, Bruce G., Douglas H. Goldman, David J. Keil, Robert Patterson, and Thomas J. Rosatti, 2012.
- SEINet, 2019+.
- Shaw, Robert B., 2008.
- Weber, William A., and Ronald C. Wittmann, 2012.

Other articles: Field Notes 28 Apr 2018 18 Mar 2019 Coll. No. 2090, 26 Jun 2019  

2090  Field identification: Bromus sp.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.20 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7686N, 105.2312W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1803 m. Extreme southeastern corner of open space, probably planted as revegetation following construction of condominiums at 410-416 N. Ford St. Probably var. carinatus if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2090. 26-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2090, 26 June 2019, characters observed: Annual/Perennial unknown (planted Spring 2019), height 60-90 cm., clumped; Leaves, sheath and blade differentiated, soft; Sheath, 80 mm., closed, generally glabrous, except collar somewhat hairy; Ligule, membraneous, 2 mm.; Auricles, absent; Blade, 140 mm. × 7 mm. wide, flat, scabrous, mid-rib prominent; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 180-200 mm. × 40-90 mm. wide; Rachis, not extended, minutely scabrous on abaxial side; Spikelets, many (#22-26), 36 mm. × 11 mm. wide, similar, 1 per node; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, between the florets; Glumes, lower, 9.5 mm., veins, #5, distinct, upper, 12 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #7, distinct keeled, membraneous, awns, 0, margins short ciliate; Florets, 6 per spikelet; Rachilla, exposed, scabrous on abaxial side, not extended; Lemma, 13 mm., broad, 2.5 mm. midvein to margin, >glumes,ovate, keeled distally, finely short hairy throughout, veins, #9, glabrous, margins, scarious, tip, entire, awns, #1, 8 mm., straight, attached near tip; Palea, 7 mm., <lemma, keel, ciliate, veins, green, margin, glabrous, tip, entire; Anthers, 3.6 mm., yellow; Ovary, hairy. Keys poorly in most Colorado floras, but quite nicely to B. carinatus var. carinatus in the Jepson Manual (Baldwin, et al., 2012), in good part by the length of the lemma awn. Regardless, I think this is very likely a commercial cultivar used in revegetation.

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 2090, Bromus carinatus
Full Size Image
Inflorescence of Coll. No. 2090, Bromus carinatus
Full Size Image
Spikelets of Coll. No. 2090, Bromus carinatus
The construction of the condominiums at 410-416 North Ford Street bled over into the North Washington Open Space. The soil was disturbed, construction debris was dumped, and construction equipment was stored on the city-owned parcel. At completion of construction the construction debris and equipment was removed. The disturbed area was covered with a jute mat, and the area seeded. Unfortunately, the primary species seeded was Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. California brome. Colorado flora authors disagree whether California brome is native to the state (Shaw, 2008, and Ackerfield, 2015) or whether it is an alien grass (Weber & Wittmann, 2012). Regardless, there are no historic or recent collections of this grass made in Golden s.l. (SEINet, 2019). The closest old collection is an early 20th century collection from Mount Morrison (Bethel & Clokey #3998, 3 Jun 1921: CM234168, IND27631, RM88139 & UTC22795). There were no collections of B. carinatus when the Magic Mountain area was extensively collected E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960, nor were there any collections from South Table Mountain when that mesa was collected by Loraine Yeatts in 1983-1984.

Therefore, I think it is fair to say that the planting of the grass as construction remediation represents introduction of an alien grass to Golden s.l. if not to Colorado. In addition, the seed was contaminated by Triticum aestivum L. Wheat as several specimens of that taxon were collected with the California brome. None of this was necessary, as there are numerous native grasses already growing in the North Washington Open Space that are easy to obtain and grow from seed.

  2091  Field identification: Nasella viridula.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth.  Green Needlegrass.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.27 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7685N, 105.2325W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1806 m. East-central portion of the parcel where native vegetation begins to give way to smooth brome.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2091. 26-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2092, Erigeron divergens
Full Size ImagePappi of Coll. No. 2092, Erigeron divergens  
2092  Field identification: Erigeron sp.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron divergens Torr. & A. Gray.  Spreading Fleabane.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.27 km. northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7686N, 105.2333W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1821 m. A very blue Erigeron with pappi of alternating scales and bristles, rather than outer scales and inner bristles.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2092. 26-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2092, 26 June 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb 20 cm.; Stem ascending, short spreading white hairs; Leaves, cauline, alternate, sessile, not clasping, blade 23 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, 5× long/wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, entire, eglandular, white curved hairs but not appressed (FNANM: strigoso-hirsute), margins, entire; Inflorescence, heads enclosed by involucre, heads #3+ per stem, not overtopped by leaves; Peduncles, 24-50 mm.; Involucre, 10-11 mm. wide × 5.5 mm. high, ellipsoid; Phyllaries, ±equal, 3± series, 4 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide, green, minutely glandular, margins flat, tips acute; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds, Ray flowers, many, tube 2 mm. + blade 5-6 mm. × 0.5 mm. wide, lavender, fertile, pappus, very short scales with a few barbellate bristles; Disk flowers, many, tube 2 mm. + lobes 0.4 mm., tube white, lobes yellow, pappus, alternating very short scales and barbellate bristles, 1.5 mm.; Fruit, 0.8 mm., slightly compressed front to back, light brown, sparsely hairy.

Locations: Tin Cup Ridge.  

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Tin Cup Ridge
  2093  Field identification: Melilotus officinalis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.  Yellow Sweet Clover.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Rudge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Rudge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7137N, 105.2037W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1880 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Aegilops cylindrica, Erigeron tracyi, Nassella viridula, and Poa compressa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2093. 30-Jun-2019

  2094  Field identification: Aegilops cylindrica.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Aegilops cylindrica Host.  Jointed Goat Grass.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Rudge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Rudge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7137N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1884 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Erigeron tracyi, Melilotus officinalis, Nassella viridula, and Poa compressa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2094. 30-Jun-2019

  2095  Field identification: Nassella viridula.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth.  Green Needlegrass.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Rudge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7137N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1887 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Aegilops cylindrica, Erigeron tracyi, Melilotus officinalis, and Poa compressa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2095. 30-Jun-2019

  2096  Field identification: Poa compressa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Poa compressa L.  Canada Bluegrass.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Rudge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7137N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1886 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Aegilops cylindrica, Erigeron tracyi, Melilotus officinalis, and Nassella viridula.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2096. 30-Jun-2019

  2097  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7137N, 105.2039W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1889 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Aegilops cylindrica, Erigeron tracyi, Melilotus officinalis, Nassella viridula, and Poa compressa. Probably var. minor if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2097. 30-Jun-2019

  2098  Field identification: Achillea millefolium.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Achillea millefolium L.  Common Yarrow.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7136N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1889 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Erigeron tracyi, Heterotheca villosa, Medicago lupulina, and Poa compressa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2098. 30-Jun-2019

  2099  Field identification: Medicago lupulina.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Medicago lupulina L.  Black Medick.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7136N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1889 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Achillea millefolium, Erigeron tracyi, Heterotheca villosa, and Poa compressa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2099. 30-Jun-2019

  2100  Field identification: Erigeron tracyi.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron tracyi Greene.  Running Fleabane.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7136N, 105.2038W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1889 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Achillea millefolium, Erigeron tracyi, Heterotheca villosa, and Medicago lupulina.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2100. 30-Jun-2019

  2101  Field identification: Asclepias speciosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asclepiadaceae

Asclepias speciosa Torr.  Showy Milkweed.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.4 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7134N, 105.2037W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1891 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Achillea millefolium, Erigeron tracyi, Glycyrrhiza lepidota, and Medicago lupulina.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2101. 30-Jun-2019

  2102  Field identification: Glycirhiza lepidota.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Glycyrrhiza lepidota Pursh.  American Licorice.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.42 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7132N, 105.2039W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1897 m. Mixed grasses and forbs. Collected with Achillea millefolium, Astragalus flexuosus, Asclepias speciosa, and Medicago lupiulina.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2102. 30-Jun-2019

  2103  Field identification: Astragalus flexuousus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Astragalus flexuosus G. Don.  Flexible Milkvetch.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. East base of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.44 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7131N, 105.2039W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1900 m. Among Poa compressa, Pediomelum tenuiflorum, and Artemisia campestris in what appears to be an old quarry road.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2103. 30-Jun-2019

  2104  Field identification: Eriogonum umbellatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. umbellatum.  Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower east slopes of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.44 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7129N, 105.2043W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1909 m. Growing around base of Rhus trilobata on east-facing moderate slope. Collected with Elymus lanceolatus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2104. 30-Jun-2019


Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2105, Elymus lanceolatus  
2105  Field identification: Pascopyrum smithii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J. G. Sm.) Gould.  Thickspike Wheatgrass.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. Lower east slopes of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.44 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7129N, 105.2043W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1910 m. Growing near Rhus trilobata on east-facing moderate slope. Collected with Eriogonum umbellatum var. umbellatum. 1 of 4 clumps dug up has a clearly-defined rhizome

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2105. 30-Jun-2019

Coll. No. 2105, 30 June 2019, characters observed: Perennial, to 65 cm., rhizomatous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated; Sheath, 95 mm., open, pilose distally; Ligule, membraneous, 0.5 mm., auricles, 2 mm.; Blade, 190 mm. × 3 mm. wide, involute, veins prominent and pilose adaxially; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, bilateral spike rachis internodes 5.0-5.5(8.0) mm.; Spikelets, many, 19 mm. × 6 mm. wide, 3.5-3.8(2.4) × internode, closely spaced, reaching midlength of that above, similar, 1(2) per node, stalked, pedicels, 1 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, between the florets; Glumes, lower, 11 mm., narrowly lanceolate (not subulate), veins, #5, upper, 11.5 mm., ≤lowest floret, widest at middle, veins, #7-9, keeled, sparsely hairy throughout, awn-tipped; Florets, 7 per spikelet, bisexual; Lemma, 9.5 mm., >glumes, lanceolate, rolled, pilose, veins, #7, tip, entire, awns, #1, 2 mm., or possible merely awn-tipped; Palea, 8.5 mm., <lemma, membraneous, keel, ciliate, veins, green, margin, glabrous, tip, bifid; Anthers, #3, 4.7 mm., yellow; Stigma, feathery; Achene, unknown.

  2106  Field identification: Helianthus pumilis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Helianthus pumilus Nutt.  Little Sunflower.

Tin Cup Ridge, Jefferson County, Colorado. Top of the hogback locally called Tin Cup Ridge, the northward extension of Dinosaur Ridge into Golden, 6.42 km. south southeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.713N, 105.205W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1932 m. Among shrubs and grasses typical of Front Range foothills.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2106. 30-Jun-2019

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageView east to Rocky Flats.  

Monday, July 1, 2019

Lippincott Property

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2107, Lithospermum occidentale  

2107  Field identification: Lithospermum occidentale.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Lithospermum occidentale (Mack.) Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes.  Western Gromwell nee Marbleseed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9009N, 105.2724W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1977 m. East-facing swale; also collected here: Calochortus gunnisonii and Claytonia rosea.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2107. 1-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2108, Calochortus gunnisonii.
Full Size ImagePetal of Coll. No. 2108, Calochortus gunnisonii
Full Size ImageFlower interior of Coll. No. 2108, Calochortus gunnisonii  
2108  Field identification: Calochortus gunnisonii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Liliaceae

Calochortus gunnisonii S. Watson.  Gunnison's Mariposa Lily.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9008N, 105.2722W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1977 m. Northeast slope, small swale; also collected here: Lithospermum occidentale and Claytonia rosea.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2108. 1-Jul-2019

Full Size Image
Flower interior of Coll. No. 2108, Calochortus gunnisonii being scanned.

Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2109, Juncus interior  
2109  Field identification: Juncus sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Juncaceae

Juncus interior Wiegand.  Inland Rush.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9005N, 105.272W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1978 m. In small ravine, open below. Smut infested.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2109. 1-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2109, 1 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial rush, to 50 cm., densely caespitose; Leaves, sheaths, ±40 mm. exposed, ligule, auricles, absent and very short, blades, to 250 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, margins inrolled somewhat but not folded along the mid-rib; Inflorescence, 42-47 mm. × 13-17 mm. wide, appearing terminal, bracts, upper, 130 mm., lower, 70 mm.; Flowers, #30-40, subtended by a pair of bracteoles; Tepals, 5 mm., lanceolate, tip, acuminate or short bristle(?), green center, light brown stripe, scarious margin; Capsule, 3.5 mm., rounded at summit, greenish-brown.

Literature Cited:
- Grant, William F., and Ernest Small, 1996.  

2110  Field identification: Lotus, maybe L. tenuis per few-flowered umbels.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Lotus tenuis Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.  Narrowleaf Birds Foot Trefoil.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9005N, 105.2717W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1971 m. Also collected here: Juncus interior, Veronica anagallis-aquatica and Dianthus armeria.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2110. 1-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2110, 1 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, decumbent to ascending, to 45 cm.; Stem, sparsely hairy; Leaves, apparently ternately compound with free foliaceous stipules, but described as “... leaves pinnately compound with 5 leaflets sessile on the stem such that the lowest pair of leaflets resemble foliaceous stipules ... Ackerfield (2015)”, leaflet, 11-12 mm. × (2.5)3.2-3.6(5) mm. wide; Inflorescence, umbel; Flowers, #(2)4-6, yellow; Stamens, united.

Width of leaves and flowers per umbel within range of both L. corniculatus and L. tenuis. Determined as L. tenuis because the range of characters occasionally equals the lower limit of the smaller L. tenuis, but never the upper limit of the larger L. corniculatus.

Lotus corniculatus, birdsfoot trefoil, is a Eurasian perennial legume, popular in temperate climates for pasture or hay and silage production. Its ancestry is controversial. While innumerable studies of L. corniculatus and allied species have been published, comprehensive morphological, geographical, and genetic studies are still needed. Nevertheless, there is sufficient information for a provisional analysis of the origin and relationships of this important economical species. Although sometimes defined to have diploid populations, L. corniculatus essentially appears to be tetraploid. Biochemical and genetic evidence indicates that this species is an allotetraploid. Although about a dozen diploid species have been proposed as ancestral to L. corniculatus, the evidence points strongly to four of these species. Lotus uliginosus uniquely shares a rhizomatous habit, an acyanogenic factor, and a tannin characteristic with L. corniculatus, clearly showing an especially close relationship, and reflecting the possibility that it is one of two direct parental species. Principal candidates for a second parent include Lotus alpinus, Lotus japonicus, and Lotus tenuis. ... An evolutionary sequence is suggested in which L. uliginosus hybridized with L. tenuis followed by introgression from L. alpinus and L. japonicus (Grant and Small, 1996).
  2110.1  Field identification: Dianthus armeria.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus armeria L.  Deptford Pink.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2715W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1969 m. Also collected here: Heterotheca villosa, Potentilla recta, Prunella vulgaris, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica Found at this location and numerous places downslope, and in the adjacent northwest corner of Ranson/Edwards.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2110.1 1-Jul-2019

  2111  Field identification: Veronica, probably V. anagallis-aquatica.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Veronica anagallis-aquatica L.  Water Speedwell.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2715W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1969 m. Also collected here: Dianthus armeria, Heterotheca villosa, Potentilla recta, and Prunella vulgaris.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2111. 1-Jul-2019

  2112  Field identification: Prunella vulgaris.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Prunella vulgaris L.  Common Selfheal.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9001N, 105.2716W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1969 m. At edge of small creek; also collected here: Dianthus armeria, Heterotheca villosa, Potentilla recta, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica. Also Coll. No. 2144, about 550 m. northwest where the creek is diverted through the former clay pit.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2112. 1-Jul-2019

  2113  Field identification: Heterotheca villosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2714W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1966 m. At edge of small creek; also collected here: Dianthus armeria, Prunella vulgaris, Potentilla recta, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica. Variety minor if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2113. 1-Jul-2019

  2114  Field identification: Potentilla recta.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla recta L.  Sulphur Cinquefoil.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2712W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1966 m. At edge of small creek; also collected here: Dianthus armeria, Heterotheca villosa, Prunella vulgaris, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica. Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2114. 1-Jul-2019

  2115  Field identification: Bromus japonicus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus japonicus Thunb.  Japanese Cheat Grass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2712W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1967 m. Also collected here: Dianthus armeria, Heterotheca villosa, Potentilla recta, Prunella vulgaris, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2115. 1-Jul-2019

While B. japonicus and B. tectorum are superficially similar and often found growing together, they are probably not that closely related, as B. japonicus is placed in section Bromus, and B. tectorum in section Genea.

  2116  Field identification: Gaillardia aristata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Gaillardia aristata Pursh.  Blanketflower.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9002N, 105.2708W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1964 m. Also collected here: Bromus japonicus, Dianthus armeria, Heterotheca villosa, Potentilla recta, and Veronica anagallis-aquatica.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2116. 1-Jul-2019

  2117  Field identification: Gaillardia aristata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Gaillardia aristata Pursh.  Blanketflower.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9008N, 105.2708W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1963 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2117. 1-Jul-2019

  2118  Field identification: grass, Agrostis?

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Poa secunda J. Presl.  Sandberg Bluegrass..

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.901N, 105.2708W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. In the bottom of a swale with timothy grass.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2118. 1-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2118, 1 July 2019, characters observed; Perennial grass, to 85 cm., may have one small rhizome; Leaves, Sheath, 120 mm., open, glabrous, Ligule, absent to minimal to 0.5 mm., membraneous when present, Blade, 140 mm. × 4 mm., flat to involute to ±prow-tipped; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 150 mm. × 15-20 mm. wide, 2-3 branches, 5-8 mm.; Rachis, not extended; Spikelets, many, 10-10.5 mm. × 3-3.5 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 0.5, 1, 4 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes, between the florets; Glumes, lower, 4 mm., veins, #1, upper, 5.5 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #5; Florets, 4 per spikelet, mostly bisexual; Lemma, 6.5 mm., >glumes; lanceolate, membraneous, rolled, a bit scabrous on the midvein best seen when viewed laterally, veins, ≥5, ±convergent, margins, scarious, tip, acute, awns, none; Palea, 6.5 mm., ±=lemma, membraneous, keel ciliate, veins, green, tip, entire. Anthers, 2.2-2.5 mm.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2118.1, Cerastium brachypodum
Full Size ImageFlower/Fruit of Coll. No. 2118.1, Cerastium brachypodum  
Field identification: Cerastium sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium brachypodum (Engelmann ex A. Gray) B. L. Robinson.  Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.901N, 105.2708W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. Sepals glandular hairy, >petals. Collected with Phleum pratense and Poa secunda.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2118.1 1-Jul-2019

  2119 

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Phleum pratense L.  Timothy.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, open wet prairie in southeast portion, 21.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.901N, 105.2708W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1963 m. Collected with Poa secunda and Cerastium brachypodum.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2119. 1-Jul-2019

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Saturday, July 6, 2019

Ranson/Edwards, primarily an attempt to relocation Crassula aquatica, which failed after crawling in the mud for an hour.
  2120  Field identification: Calochortus gunnisonii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Liliaceae

Calochortus gunnisonii S. Watson.  Gunnison's Mariposa Lily.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 50 m. east into open prairie, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8872N, 105.2607W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1920 m. Gentle slope, southeast aspect, collected with Helianthus pumilis, Artemisia ludoviciana, and Hesperostipa comata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweish 2120. 6-Jul-2019

  2121  Field identification: undetermined aquatic.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Callitriche palustris L.  Vernal Star Wort.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 225 m. east to a small stream, 19.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8863N, 105.2595W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1918 m. Aquatic. Also collected nearby: Lithospermum occidentale, Sisyrinchium montanum, and Amorpha fruticosa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2121. 6-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2122, Trifolium pratense
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2122, Trifolium pratense  
2122  Field identification: Trifolium, perhaps T. pratense.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Trifolium pratense L.  Red Clover.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 360 m. east to a small stream, 19.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8866N, 105.2582W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1925 m. On the bank of a small stream that has been diverted to water a terrace above Coal Creek.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2122. 6-Jul-2019

When collected, the flowers were more red than purple. The stipules are large, ovate-acuminate, scarious with several green nerves, heads solitary at the ends of each stem.

  2123  Field identification: Juncus bufonius.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Juncaceae

Juncus bufonius L.  Toad Rush.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.1 mi. on Plainview Road, then 500 m. east to a muddy terrace above Coal Creek, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.888N, 105.2566W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1920 m. Muddy terrace created by diversion of a small stream. Also collected here: Alopecurus carolinianus, Limosella aquatica, Crassula aquatica, Veronica peregrina, Erythranthe floribunda, and Plagiobothrys scouleri var. hispidulus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2123. 6-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2124, Cynoglossum officinale  
2124  Field identification: Cynoglossum officinale.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Cynoglossum officinale L.  Gypsyflower.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 365 m. east into a thicket, primarily of Prunus virginiana, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8872N, 105.258W. Also collected nearby: Lithospermum occidentale, Toxicodendron rydbergii, and Thinopyrum intermedium. Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

Tom Schweich 2124. 6-Jul-2019

  2124.1 

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Arctium minus Bernh.  Lesser Burdock.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 365 m. east into a thicket, primarily of Prunus virginiana, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8872N, 105.258W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1921 m. Collected with Cynoglossum officinale. Vegetative parts only, collections with flower or fruit typically made in August through October. Colorado Noxious Weed List C.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2124.1 6-Jul-2019

Literature Cited:
- Weakley, Alan S., Richard J. LeBlond, Bruce A. Sorrie, C. Theo Witsell, L. Dwayne Estes, Janchi Gandhi, Katherine Gould Mathews, and Atsushi Ebihara, 2011.
- Weigend, M., M. Gottschlinf, F. Selvi, and H. H. Hilger, 2009.  

2125  Field identification: Lithospermum occidentale.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Lithospermum occidentale (Mack.) Weakley, Witsell & D. Estes.  Western Gromwell nee Marbleseed.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 400 m. east to a small break in slope, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8875N, 105.2578W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1922 m. Between two thickets of Prunus virginiana on the same break in slope. Collected nearby: Thinopyrum intermedium; observed nearby: Toxicodendron rydbergii.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2125. 6-Jul-2019

  2126  Field identification: Thinopyrum intermedium.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey.  Intermediate Wheatgrass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 400 m. east to a small break in slope, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8875N, 105.258W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1928 m. Few rhizomes, glume with offset mucro. Between two thickets of Prunus virginiana on the same break in slope. Collected nearby: Lithospermum occidentale; observed nearby: Toxicodendron rydbergii.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2126. 6-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2127, Silene latifolia
Full Size ImageFlower of Coll. No. 2127, Silene latifolia  
2127  Field identification: Silene sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Silene latifolia Poir.  Bladder Campion.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 400 m. east to a small break in slope, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.888N, 105.2573W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1926 m. In a thicket, primarily of Prunus virginiana, along a break in slope. Also collected in these thickets: Polygonum douglasii, Cynoglossum officinale, and Arctium minus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2127. 6-Jul-2019

Calyx with long multicellular hairs and short glandular hairs; flowers imperfect, pistillate flowers with 5 styles.

  2127.1  Field identification: Polygonum douglasii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Polygonum douglasii Greene.  Douglas Knotweed.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, west 1.7 mi. on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, generally north 1.0 mi. on Plainview Road, then 400 m. east to a small break in slope, 19.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.888N, 105.2573W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1926 m. In a thicket, primarily of Prunus virginiana, along a break in slope. Also collected in these thickets: Silene latifolia, Cynoglossum officinale, and Arctium minus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2127.1 6-Jul-2019

 

Sunday, July 7, 2019

Weed collecting in the Heritage Dells area.

Full Size ImageFlowers of Aegopodium podagraria
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Aegopodium podograria
Full Size ImageBasal leaves of Aegopodium podograria  
2128  Field identification: Aegopodium podagraria.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Apiaceae

Aegopodium podagraria L.  Bishops Goutweed.

Heritage Dells, Jefferson County, Colorado. Backyard of 209 Berthoud Way, Golden. 5.58 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7182N, 105.2091W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1874 m. Non-varigated form. Escaping through side fence where watered, but apparently not through the back fence into unwatered open space. Not seen in Apex Gulch, City of Golden open space, 100 m. south.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2128. 7-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2128, 7 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 90 cm., erect, branched, rhizomatous; Leaves, basal, petiole 150 mm., irregular to biternate, 120 mm. × 100 mm. wide, leaflet, ovate, 55 mm. × 35 mm. wide, margin serrate, cauline, reduced, sometimes opposite, ternate, leaflets, lanceolate, 53 mm. × 18 mm. wide; Inflorescence, compound umbel, 45 mm. × 75 mm. wide; Flowers, white; Ovary, glabrous, stylopodium, present; Style, #1, 1.2 mm.; Fruit, glabrous, 1.5 mm. × 1 mm. wide. Native of Eurasia, cult. in old-fashioned gardens and often escaped in ne. U.S., especially in moist, partly shaded places.

Full Size Image
Overview of Aegopodium podograria
Full Size Image
Compound umbels of Aegopodium podograria
Full Size Image
Fruit of Aegopodium podograria

Locations: Apex Gulch.  

Monday, July 8, 2019

Headed for Kinney Run, got stuck in Apex Gulch.
  2129  Field identification: "White top."

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Berteroa incana (L.) DC.  Hoary Alyssum.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.72 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.717N, 105.2095W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1877 m. Also collected here: Potentilla recta, Verbascum thapsus, and Vicia americana. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. B. incana was not collected at that time.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2129. 8-Jul-2019

  2130  Field identification: Vetch.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Vicia villosa Roth.  Hairy Vetch.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.73 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.717N, 105.2095W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1879 m. Lax, twining on smooth brome. Also collected here: Berteroa incana, Potentilla recta, and Verbascum thapsus. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2130. 8-Jul-2019

  2131  Field identification: Potentilla recta.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla recta L.  Sulphur Cinquefoil.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.73 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7169N, 105.2095W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1879 m. Also collected here: Berteroa incana, Vicia villosa, and Verbascum thapsus. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. P. recta was not collected at that time. Colorado Noxious Weed List B.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2131. 8-Jul-2019

  2132  Field identification: Verbascum thapsus.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum thapsus L.  Common Mullein.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.73 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.717N, 105.2095W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1879 m. Also collected here: Berteroa incana, Vicia villosa, and Potentilla recta. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. V. thapsus was collected at that time. Colorado Noxious Weed List C.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2132. 8-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2133, Nasturtium officinale
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2133, Nasturtium officinale  
2133  Field identification: Noccaea fendleri. --- Egads!

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Brassicaceae

Nasturtium officinale R. Br.  Watercress.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.73 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7169N, 105.21W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1873 m. Flowing water below a well or casing-enhanced spring. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. N. officinale was not collected at that time.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2133. 8-Jul-2019

  2134  Field identification: Monarda fistulosa.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Monarda fistulosa L.  Wild Bergamot.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.74 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7168N, 105.2103W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1891 m. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. M. fistulosa was also collected at that time.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2134. 8-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2135, Ligustrum vulgare
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2135, Ligustrum vulgare
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2135, Ligustrum vulgare  
2135  Field identification: fragrant shrub.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Oleaceae

Ligustrum vulgare L.  Privet.

Apex Gulch, Jefferson County, Colorado. Terrace on the north bank of Apex Gulch, between Fire Station 4 and the Kinney Run Trail bridge, 5.74 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7168N, 105.2102W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1886 m. Naturalized. Shaded, equable habitat. This area was extensively collected by E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 during the Peabody Museum excavation at Magic Mountain. L. vulgare was not collected at that time.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2135. 8-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageFresh seed of Hesperostipa spartea
Full Size ImageFresh seed of Hesperostipa spartea
Full Size ImageGlumes of Hesperostipa spartea  

Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Collected seed and scanned them. This is Hesperostipa spartea, for which the original seed was purchased from Minnesota.
Full Size Image
Glumes of Hesperostipa spartea

Locations: North Table Mountain.  

Thursday, July 11, 2019

Collecting on the north side of North Table Mountain.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2136, Potentilla pensylvanica  
2136  Field identification: Potentilla, probably P. pensylvanica.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla pensylvanica L.  Prairie Cinquefoil.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.26 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7977N, 105.209W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1813 m. Leaflet margins revolute. Also collected here: Boechera fendleri, Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens, Senecio integerrimus, and Viola nuttallii.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2136. 11-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2136, 11 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm., erect; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 130 mm. × 25 mm. wide, compound, pinnate, leaflets, #11, margins, revolute; cauline, #7-10 per stem, alternate, reduced in size, compound, pinnately-lobed, stipules, large, to 25 mm., deeply cleft, petiole, 25 mm., blade, 70 mm. × 32 mm. wide, leaflets, #10, 30 mm. × 11 mm. wide, lobed ≥½, margin, revolute; Inflorescence, clusters of #5-7 flowers; Pedicels, 2-10 mm.; Sepals, #5, 5 mm., green, hairy, glands, abundant, epicalyx bractlets, 4.5 mm. × 1.8 mm. wide; Petals, #5, 5.3 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, yellow; Receptacle, hairy, 3 mm.; Stamens, ±16; Anthers, 0.7 mm. × 0.6 mm. wide; Ovary, many; Styles, 1 per ovary, thickest near base, tapered throughout; Achenes, 1.3 mm. × 0.8 mm. wide, attachment, lateral, rugose.

  2137  Field identification: Dephinium carolinum var. virescens.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Ranunculaceae

Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. virescens (Nutt.) R.E. Brooks.  Carolina Laskspur.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.26 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7976N, 105.2094W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1815 m. Also collected here: Boechera fendleri, Potentilla pensylvanica, Senecio integerrimus, and Viola nuttallii. Inflorescence stunted in one specimen, virus infection (?).

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2137. 11-Jul-2019

  2138  Field identification: Chenopodium, probably C. album.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium album L.  Lambsquarters.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.16 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7969N, 105.2101W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1815 m. Also collected nearby: Opuntia macrorhiza, Potentilla pensylvanica, and Opuntia macrorhiza.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2138. 11-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2139, Rhus trilobata.  
2139  Field identification: Rhus trilobata, in fruit.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Anacardiaceae

Rhus trilobata Torrey & A. Gray.  Squawbush.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.06 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7965N, 105.21W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1822 m. Fruit, no flower. Near top of small mound, also collected here: Opuntia macrorhiza and Thelesperma megapotamicum.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2139. 11-Jul-2019

  2140  Field identification: Thelesperma megapotamicum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze.  Hopi Tea Greenthread.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.06 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7965N, 105.21W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1822 m. Near top of small mound, also collected here: Opuntia macrorhiza and Rhus trilobata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2140. 11-Jul-2019

  2141  Field identification: Opuntia, later in the office: O. macrorhiza.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cactaceae

Opuntia macrorhiza Engelm.  Twistspine Pricklypear.

North Table Mountain Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Near the north boundary of the park, lower north slopes of North Table Mountain, in what appears to be the hummocky terrain of an ancient landslide, 6.06 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.7966N, 105.21W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1814 m. Near top of small mound, also collected here: Thelesperma megapotamicum and Rhus trilobata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2141. 11-Jul-2019

Locations: Lippincott Property.
Full Size ImageView southeast from “Saddle Meadow”
Full Size ImageBNSF train on the Moffatt Route.  

Saturday, July 13, 2019

Lippincott

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2142, Juncus bufonius  
2142  Field identification: Juncus bufonius.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Juncaceae

Juncus bufonius L.  Toad Rush.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, in flowing water diverted through former clay pit, 22.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9028N, 105.2749W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2005 m. Also collected here: Aloperucus carolinianus, Prunella vulgaris, and Trifolium repens.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2142. 13-Jul-2019

  2142.1  Field identification: Alopecurus carolinianus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Alopecurus carolinianus Walter.  Carolina Foxtail.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, in flowing water diverted through former clay pit, 22.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9028N, 105.2749W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2005 m. Also collected here: Juncus bufonius, Prunella vulgaris, and Trifolium repens.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2142.1 13-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2143, Trifolium repens
Full Size ImageHead of Coll. No. 2143, Trifolium repens  
2143  Field identification: “White Clover”

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Trifolium repens L.  White Clover.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, muddy places beside flowing water diverted through former clay pit, 22.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.903N, 105.2748W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2005 m. Also collected here: Juncus bufonius, Prunella vulgaris, and Alopecurus carolinianus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2143. 13-Jul-2019

As described in Ackerfield (2015), the thing to see here is the “ calyx with a whitish-green tube with a purple spot below each sinus, and green teeth ”

  2144  Field identification: Prunella vulgaris.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Prunella vulgaris L.  Common Selfheal.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, muddy places beside flowing water diverted through former clay pit, 22.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9029N, 105.275W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2005 m. Also collected here: Juncus bufonius, Trifolium repens, and Alopecurus carolinianus. Also Coll. No. 2112 about 550 m. southeast along a small natural stream.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2144. 13-Jul-2019

  2145  Field identification: Monarda fistulosa.
  2146  Field identification: Ceanothus fendlerii.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rhamnaceae

Ceanothus fendleri A. Gray.  Fendler's Ceanothus.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, a little southwest of the clay pit and adit, 22.1 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2758W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2015 m. Openings in ponderosa pine woodland. Also collected nearby: Monarda fistulosa, Plantago lanceolata, Nassella viridula, and Crataegus succulenta.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2146. 13-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2147, Plantago lanceolata  
2147  Field identification: Plantago lanceolata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Plantago lanceolata L.  Narrowleaf Plantain.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, west of the clay pit and adit, 22.1 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9023N, 105.2769W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2018 m. Lowest slopes of hogback, among ponderosa pines, also collected here: Crataegus succulenta, Nassella viridula, and Potentilla fissa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2147. 13-Jul-2019

  2148  Field identification: Nassella viridula.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Nassella viridula (Trin.) Barkworth.  Green Needlegrass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, west of the clay pit and adit, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9021N, 105.2772W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2031 m. South end of the hogback, at the edge of a small group of Ponderosa pines. Also collected nearby: Crataegus succulenta and Potentilla fissa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2148. 13-Jul-2019

  2149  Field identification: Acer glabrum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Sapindaceae

Acer glabrum Torr.  Rocky Mountain Maple.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, edge of forest at extreme southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9016N, 105.2825W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2104 m. Also collected nearby: Juniperus communis and J. scopulorum, Berberis repens, and Hieracium albiflorum. One of several quintessential Jefferson County taxa, as the type was collected in Platte Canyon by Dr. Edwin James of the Major Stephen H. Long expedition of 1820.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2149. 13-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageRosette of Coll. No. 2150, Hieracium albiflorum
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2150, Hieracium albiflorum
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2150, Hieracium albiflorum  
2150  Field identification: Chicorieae, office: Hieracium albiflorum, thanks to Cindy.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Hieracium albiflorum Hook.  White-Flower Hawkweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2813W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2095 m. Non-rhizomatous, fibrous roots, leaves mostly rosette, hairy, nearly scapose, flowers ligulate, white. In ponderosa pine woodland, thick forest duff, with Juniperus communis and J. scopulorum, and Berberis repens. Most plants show some evidence of herbivory.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2150. 13-Jul-2019

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 2150, Hieracium albiflorum

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2151, Campanula rotundifolia  
2151  Field identification: Campanula rotundifolia.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Campanulaceae

Campanula rotundifolia L.  Harebell.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9025N, 105.2802W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2079 m. More sprawling than erect, deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland, with Collomia linearis, Eriogonum umbellatum, Lappula occidentalis, and Sedum lanceolatum.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2151. 13-Jul-2019

  2152  Field identification: Sedum lanceolatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Crassulaceae

Sedum lanceolatum Torr.  Spearleaf Stonecrop.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2802W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2090 m. Deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland, with Collomia linearis, Eriogonum umbellatum, Lappula occidentalis, and Campanula rotundifolia.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2152. 13-Jul-2019

  2153  Field identification: Hypericum perforatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Hypericaceae

Hypericum perforatum L.  Common St. John's Wort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9025N, 105.2801W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2077 m. Deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland, with Collomia linearis, Eriogonum umbellatum, Lappula occidentalis, and Campanula rotundifolia.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2153. 13-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageGeoreferenced collections of selected Myosotis near Colorado.
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2154, Myosotis micrantha  
2154  Field identification: some sort of stickseed

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Myosotis micrantha Pall. Ex Lehm.  Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9024N, 105.2801W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2067 m. Deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland, with Collomia linearis, Eriogonum umbellatum, Hypericum perforatum, and Campanula rotundifolia.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2154. 13-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2154, 13 Jul 2019, characters observed; Annual, 12-20 cm.; Stems, erect, branched at and above the base; Leaves, alternate, sessile, oblanceolate, 14 mm. × 5.5 mm. wide, strigose, few hooked hairs on abaxial mid-rib; Inflorescence, scorpioid, greatly exceeding leaves, although there are flowers throughout the plant; Pedicel, in fruit << calyx; Calyx, in flower, 2.5 mm., fused ±½, lobes ±equal, strigose, some hairs hooked, in fruit 4 mm.; Corolla, white, lobes, blue; Nutlets, 1.2 mm., >>style, brown, smooth, shiny, margin sharp raised.

I applied M. micrantha because the inflorescence greatly exceeds the leaves and the plant is floriferous nearly to the base. Also hairs are hooked on the abaxial mid-rib of the leaves, a character only described for M. micrantha (see the Jepson Manual of California, 2nd ed.). This will key to M. arvensis in Ackerfield (2015). However, M. micrantha is not a possibility there. Distribution of collections of the two taxa (SEINet, 8 Dec 2019) show collections of M. micrantha in northeast Utah and southeast Wyoming, whereas collections of M. arvensis are much farther from Colorado.

Myosotis arvensis. Biennial or sometimes annual, 1-4 dm, often branched above, strigose to hirsute-puberulent throughout; lvs 1-6 cm ?3-16 mm, the lower mostly oblanceolate, the upper often more oblong or lanceolate; infl slightly if at all longer than the leafy part of the plant; mature pedicels ascending or spreading, equaling or generally surpassing the 3-5 mm cal; cal hirsute-puberulent and shortly uncinate-hispid; cor blue or occasionally white, the limb 2-4 mm wide; nutlets distinctly surpassing the style; 2n=50-54. Native of Eurasia, established in fields and roadsides from Nf. to Minn., s. sometimes to N.H. and W.Va. Summer. (Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.)

Myosotis micrantha. Annual or winter-annual to 2 dm, often branched from the base, hirsute-puberulent throughout; lvs seldom over 2 cm ?7 mm; plants floriferous nearly to the base, the lower fls scattered among the lvs; fruiting pedicels ascending or somewhat spreading, under 2 mm, shorter than the 3-5 mm cal; cal strigose at least above, the tube also shortly uncinate- hispid; cor blue, the limb 1-2 mm wide, not flat; nutlets surpassing the style; 2n=36-40. Native of Eurasia, locally intr. in dry waste places; Que. to Va., Mich., and Io. Apr.-July. (M. stricta) (Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.)

  2154.1  Field identification: Collomia linearis
  2155  Field identification: Eriogonum umbellatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. umbellatum.  Sulphur-Flower Buckwheat.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest corner near the railroad tracks, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9025N, 105.28W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2062 m. Deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland, with Sedum lanceolatum, Hypericum perforatum, and Campanula rotundifolia.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2155. 13-Jul-2019

  2156  Field identification: Opuntia macrorhiza.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Cryptantha virgata (Porter) Payson.  Miner"s Candle.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest base of hogback in center of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9034N, 105.2776W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2056 m. Gentle rocky southwest-facing slope with forest duff near edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2157. 13-Jul-2019

  2157  Field identification: Cryptantha virgata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Boraginaceae

Cryptantha virgata (Porter) Payson.  Miner"s Candle.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest base of hogback in center of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9034N, 105.2776W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2056 m. Gentle rocky southwest-facing slope with forest duff near edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2157. 13-Jul-2019

  2157.1 

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Alliaceae

Allium geyeri S. Watson.  Geyer's Onion.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest base of hogback in center of parcel, 22.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden 39.9034N, 105.2776W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2056 m. Gentle rocky southwest-facing slope with forest duff near edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2157.1 13-Jul-2019

  2158  Field identification: Briza maxima Bromus briziformis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C. A. Mey.  Rattlesnake Brome.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest base of hogback in center of parcel, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9032N, 105.2771W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2065 m. Gentle rocky southwest-facing slope with forest duff near edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2158. 13-Jul-2019

Other articles: Rubey Drive at school
Full Size ImageSouth Table Mountain from Mitchell School.
Full Size ImageNorth Table Mountain from Mitchell School.  

Full Size Image
Northwest flank of Mount Zion above Clear Creek Canyon
 

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.
Full Size ImageGeum macrophyllum growing beside a spring.  

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Ranson/Edwards, mostly as a pre-walk for tomorrow.
  2159  Field identification: Elymus, maybe E. virginicus E. canadensis that may be just a little immature.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus canadensis L.  Canadian Wildrye.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Approx. centroid of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO Highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 1.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, in the ditch on the west side of Plainview Road. 39.8902N, 105.262W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1914 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2159. 17-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2159, 16 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 1 m., clumped, not rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous, nodes mostly concealed by sheaths; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated; Sheath, open; Ligule, membraneous, auricles, 1 mm., thim, Blade, 180 mm., folded; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, bi-lateral spike, 75 mm. × 9 mm. wide; Rachis, not disarticulating; Spikelets, many, 2 per node, 7-9 mm. × 2-5 mm wide (exclusive of awns); Compression, unremarkable; Disarticulation, below the glumes; Glumes, #2, side-by-side, body 7 mm. + awn 21 mm. = 28.5 mm, body < adjacent lemma, veins, (2+)3, more flat than rounded (terete); Florets, 3+ per spikelet, pistillate, bisexual, staminate; Lemma, 9 mm, body > glume body, rolled, scabrous, veins, #5, glabrous, tip, 2-forked, awns, #1, 25 mm., curving, attached end; Palea, 8.5 mm, ≤lemma, color, tan, except veins, veins, green, scabrous, margin, scarious, tip, bifid; Stamens, #3, 2.4 mm., yellow.

  2160  Field identification: aquatic.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Araceae

Lemna minor L.  Common Duckweed.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northwest corner of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 2.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then 300 m. west to a small spring and pond, 21.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.8976N, 105.2746W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2020 m. Aquatic.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2160. 16-Jul-2019

  2161  Field identification: tree.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Salicaceae

Populus alba L.  White Cottonwood.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northwest corner of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 2.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then 445 m. west to the base of a east limb of a small hogback, 21.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.8977N, 105.2759W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2030 m. Small tree. This has also been collected in the nearby City of Boulder Lindsay-Jeffco property.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2161. 16-Jul-2019

  2161.1  Field identification: Dianthus armeria.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus armeria L.  Deptford Pink.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northwest corner of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 2.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then 445 m. west to the base of a east limb of a small hogback, 21.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.8977N, 105.2759W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2030 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2161.1 16-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2162, Danthonia spicata
Full Size ImageOpen inflorescence of Coll. No. 2162, Danthonia spicata
Full Size ImageDissected spikelet of Coll. No. 2162, Danthonia spicata  
2162  Field identification: Danthonia, maybe D. californica because of the open panicle.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Danthonia spicata (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.  Poverty Oatgrass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northwest corner of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 2.2 mi. generally north on Plainview Road, then 445 m. west to the base of the east limb of a small hogback, 21.4 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.8978N, 105.276W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2030 m. Previously collected nearby: Amorpha nana, Dianthus armeria, Muhlenbergia wrightii, and Sorghastrum nutans.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2162. 16-Jul-2019

Full Size Image
Spikelets of Coll. No. 2162, Danthonia spicata
Coll. No. 2162, 16 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial, 60-65 cm., clumped, non-rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaf, blade and sheath differentiated, soft; Sheath, open; Ligule, 0.2-0.3 mm., ciliate; Blade, 120 mm., mostly flat, margin, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 55 mm. × 40 mm. wide, 2 branches [in the specimen examined, the florets appear paired, one on a short pedicel, and one on a longer pedicel]; Rachis, not extended, short soft hairy an all sides; Spikelets, #10-11, 14 mm. × 3.0-4.5 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 1 mm. and 2.7 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, between the florets; Glumes, lower, 13.0-15.5 mm., veins, #5, ±obscure, upper, 12.5-14.0 mm., >lowest floret, rounded, awns, #0; Florets, 7+ per spikelet, bisexual; Axis, extended beyond upper floret; Callus, tuft of white hairs; Lemma, 6 mm., <glumes, ovate, rounded, green, back, sparse straight hairs, veins, ≥5, margins, proximal hairy, distal scarious, tip, 2-forked, 1.5 mm., awns, #1, attached end, 8 mm., brown and flattened proximally, twisted; Palea, 4.5 mm., <lemma, body, single cell thick, margin, green and ciliate; Anthers, #2, 2 mm., purple; Achene, 2 mm., green.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2163, Carex scoparia.
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2163, Carex scoparia.  
2163  Field identification: Carex brevior.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd.  Pointed Broom Sedge.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northwest corner of park, 1.7 mi. west on CO highway 72 from CO Highway 93, 2.0 mi. generally north on Plainview Road to private road, then 550 m west northwest, near northern fence line, 21.6 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden, 39.8991N, 105.2743W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2002 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2163. 16-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2163, 16 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial sedge, caespitose, to 60 cm., lightly scabrous below head; Leaves, 2 mm. wide, green sheaths, white-hyaline, centrally smooth; Inflorescence, 22 mm. × 15 mm. wide, spikes, #6, closely clustered; Spikes, identical appearing, gynecandrous, 10 mm. × 5 mm. wide, terminal spike clavate; Bracts, 9 mm. long, proximal, 20 mm., =inflorescence, bristle-like; Pistillate scales, <perigynia, mid-vein, green, margin, hyaline, awn, absent; Perigynia, many per spike, 5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, winged, faces, veined, adaxial veins, #7-9, glabrous, beak, 1.5 mm., ±sloping to tip, achene to beak tip, 2.5-2.8 mm.; Achene, 1.3 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide, oval, biconvex; Stigma, #2.

Locations: Lippincott Property.  

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Lippincott.
  2164  Field identification: some sort of dandelion or viper grass-like thing.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Scorzonera laciniata L.  Cutleaf Vipergrass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, approximate centroid of parcel, in the junction of the ranch road and quarry road, 22.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9019N, 105.2738W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1997 m. Trampled by vehicles and eaten by cows. Also collected in this junction: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Collinsia parviflora, and Draba nemorosa, with Taraxacum officinale nearby.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2164. 21-Jul-2019

  2165  Field identification: Elymus elymoides.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey.  Squirreltail Grass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, on the spoils pile east side of the clay pit, 22.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9041N, 105.2741W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1972 m. With ponderosa pines, grasses and forbs.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2165. 21-Jul-2019

Other articles: Lippincott Road near n gate
Full Size ImageSea of Monarda fistulosa  

2166  Field identification: Monarda fistulosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Monarda fistulosa L.  Wild Bergamot.

Lindsay/JEFFCO, Jefferson County, Colorado. On the City of Boulder OSMP parcel just west across the fence from the Lippincott Parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9073N, 105.2759W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1970 m. In an opening among ponderosa pines, with Erigeron speciosus.

Collected by permit: City of Boulder OSMP, issued: May 18, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2166. 21-Jul-2019

  2166.1  Field identification: Erigeron, maybe E. speciosus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron speciosus (Lindl.) DC.  Aspen Fleabane.

Lindsay/JEFFCO, Jefferson County, Colorado. On the City of Boulder OSMP parcel just west across the fence from the Lippincott Parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9073N, 105.2758W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1970 m. With Monarda fistulosa, Castilleja integra, Phleum pratense, openings in Pinus ponderosa forest.

Collected by permit: City of Boulder OSMP, issued: May 18, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2166.1 21-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageHabit of Coll. No. 2167, Bromus briziformis
Full Size ImageDissected spikelet of Coll. No. 2167, Bromus briziformis
Full Size ImageSpikelet of Coll. No. 2167, Bromus briziformis  
2167  Field identification: Briza maxima Bromus briziformis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C. A. Mey.  Rattlesnake Brome.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, moderate slope above and on the north side of Bull Gulch, 23. km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9089N, 105.2777W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1987 m. Other grasses collected nearby: Bromus lanatipes and Danthonia spicata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2167. 21-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2167, 21 July 2019, characters observed: Annual grass, 30-40 cm., clumped; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated, soft; Sheath, closed; Ligule, membraneous, ciliate; Blade, 120 mm. × 4 mm. wide, flat, hairy; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, nodding, raceme or few-branched panicle, >leaves; Rachis, not extended, scabrous; Spikelets, many, 16-20 mm. × 8-10 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, pedicels, 18-22 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, unknown, rachilla seems pretty tough; Glumes, spreading at 45 to rachilla, lower, 5.5 mm., veins, #5, terete, upper, 7.0 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #9, ±parallel, membraneous, tough, awns, #0; Florets, 10-12 per spikelet, spreading at 45 to rachilla; Lemma, 8 mm., >glumes, ovate, membraneous, rolled, glabrous, tan, veins, #9, not uniformly spaced, ±parallel, margins, scarious, tip acute, awns, #0; Palea, 6 mm., membraneous, ciliate, tip, unknown, color, tan; Stamens, none seen; Achene, 5 mm., brown, fused to lemma and palea.

  2168  Field identification: Danthonia spicata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Danthonia spicata (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.  Poverty Oatgrass.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, moderate slope above and on the north side of Bull Gulch, 23.3 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9097N, 105.2789W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2040 m. Ponderosa pine woodland; a little immature compared to the same grass collected at Ranson/Edwards in full sun a week earlier.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2168. 21-Jul-2019

  2169  Field identification: Lupinus sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Lupinus caudatus Kellogg var. argophyllus (A. Gray) S.L. Welsh.  Kellogg's Spurred Lupine.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, moderate slope above and on the north side of Bull Gulch, 23.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden 39.9105N, 105.2791W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2040 m. Openings in ponderosa pine woodland. The collector was competing with the cows to collect these before the cows ate them all.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2169. 21-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2169, 21 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb to 50 cm.; Stems, erect, hairs appressed; Leaves, basal, unknown, cauline, petiole, to 40 mm., compound, palmate, leaflets, #6, 47-50 mm. × 7-8 mm. wide, lanceolate, flat, adaxial glabrous, abaxial hairy, tips, pointed; Inflorescence, loose raceme; Flowers, 10-12 mm., purple, calyx 5-7 mm., hairy, spur ≤1 mm.; banner, 9 mm., recurved 3.2-3.5 mm. from tip, flowers open in profile, hairy on back (easier to see if not rehydrated), wings, 10 mm., keel, blue tipped, glabrous (except a few occasional hairs); Style, >stamens, barely exserted.


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2170, Bromus lanatipes
Full Size ImageDissected spikelet of Coll. No. 2170, Bromus lanatipes  
2170  Field identification: Bromus sp., office: Bromus lanatipes, based in part on shaggy hairy leaf sheath, and hairy lemmas that are mostly glabrous on the proximal back with increasing hairiness distally.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus lanatipes (Shear) Rydb.  Wooly Brome.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, jointly owned by City of Boulder OSMP and Jefferson County Open Space, moderate slope above and on the north side of Bull Gulch, 23.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden 39.9097N, 105.2771W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2019 m. Deep forest duff in ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2170. 21-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2170, 21 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial grass (short-lived?), 50 cm., clumped; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Internodes, glabrous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated, soft; Sheath, 60-70 mm., closed, long shaggy hair; Ligule, 1.5 mm., membraneous, auricles, absent; Blade, 160 mm. × 5 mm. wide, adaxial scaberulous, tip, acute; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 130 mm. × 60 mm. wide, 2+ branches; Rachis, not extended, scabrous; Spikelets, #12-13, 23 mm. × 5 mm. wide, similar, borne singly; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, unknown, should be above the glumes; Glumes, lower, 5 mm., veins, #1, keeled, keel scabrous, upper, 6 mm., <lowest floret, veins, #5, keeled; Lemma, 7.5 mm., >glumes, hairy laterally becoming more broadly hairy distally, veins, #5, convergent, awns, #1, 3 mm., straight, barbellate, attached near end; Palea, 9 mm., ±=lemma, membraneous, keel ciliate, veins, lt. green, margin, glabrous, tip, entire; Anthers, #3, 2.3 mm., yellow; Achene, immature.


Full Size ImageLiverwort in Bull Gulch.  
2171  Field identification: Liverwort

Locations: Little Scraggy Peak. Long Scraggy Peak.
Full Size ImageLong Scraggy Peak  

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Buffalo Creek recreation area, east flank of Little Scraggy Peak.

Literature Cited:
- Grant, Verne, 1992.
- Grant, Verne, and Dieter H. Wilken, 1986.
- Greene, Edward Lee, 1905a.  

2172  Field identification: Ipomopsis, assumed to be I. aggregata.

Plants of Colorado
Polemoniaceae

Ipomopsis aggregata (Pursh) V.E. Grant ssp. collina (Greene) Wilken & Allard.  Scarlet Gilia.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.3408N, 105.2607W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2410 m. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2172. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2172, 23 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, 50-60 cm.; Stem, glandular, few long white hairs; Leaves, basal and cauline similar, 37 mm. × 24 mm. wide, pinnatifid with narrow segments, reduced above; Inflorescence, narrow thyrse; Pedicels, 1-2.5 mm.; Calyx, tube 5 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm., glandular, hyaline sinuses, tips spinulose; Corolla, salverform, tube 25 mm. × 1.8 mm. gradually expanding to 5 mm. wide, + lobes 5 mm., spreading; Stamens, some barely exserted.

Nearby (10 km.) collections of Ipomopsis aggregata are all subsp. collina and all by Dieter Wilkin (his #13548, #13600, and #14502). Vouchers are at CS and RM.

Full Size Image
Coll. No. 2172, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina
The basionym for I. aggregata ssp. collina is Callisteris collina proposed by Greene in 1905.
C. collina. Calyx-teeth not half as long as the almost cylindric tubes, very obtuse, abruptly aristate-pointed, the point straight, rigidly erect: corolla only pinkish, its oblong-lanceolate very acute lobes reflexed, and irregularly so.

Bluffs of Clear Creek on the plains not far from Denver, collected by myself, July 1870. Type in my own herbarium.

  2173  Field identification: Geranium, perhaps G. viscosissimum.

Plants of Colorado
Geraniaceae

Geranium caespitosum James.  Pineywoods Geranium.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3406N, 105.2607W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2410 m. Also collected here: Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2173. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2173, 23 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 35 cm.; Stems, simple, erect, glandular, glands yellow-tipped; Leaves, basal and cauline, 50 mm. wide, palmately lobed, lobes, #5, obtuse and shortly acuminate; Inflorescence, cyme, cymules 2-flowered (see Aedo, 2001); Corolla, blue-purple; Petals, 13 mm. × 8 mm. wide, hairy on proximal ⅓.

Will key to G. viscosissimum in Weber & Wittman (2012) using the simple and erect stems. However, in Ackerfield (2015), Aedo (2001), and Welsh, et al. (1993), keys to G. caespitosum mainly on leaf characters.

  2174  Field identification: Koeleria macrantha.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.  Prairie Junegrass.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3407N, 105.2607W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2407 m. In bloom. Also collected here: Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina and Geranium caespitosum. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2174. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2175, Lithospermum multiflorum
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2175, Lithospermum multiflorum  
2175  Field identification: Lithospermum, probably L. multiflorum.

Plants of Colorado
Boraginaceae

Lithospermum multiflorum Torrey ex A. Gray.  Many Flowered Stoneseed.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, 4 mi. generally south of town of Buffalo Creek on County Road 126, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3407N, 105.2607W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2405 m. Also collected here: Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina, Geranium caespitosum, and Koeleria macrantha. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2175. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageObscure rhizome on Coll. No. 2176, Bromus pumpellianus  
2176  Field identification: Bromus ciliata.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Bromus pumpellianus Scribn.  Pumpelly's Brome.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3406N, 105.2609W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2411 m. Also collected here: Lithospermum multiflorum, Geranium caespitosum, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina, and Koeleria macrantha. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2176. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2176, 23 Jul 2019, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 70-80 cm., occasionally obscurely rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated, soft, sheath, 90 mm., closed, ligule, membraneous, 1 mm., auricles, minimal, blade, 90 mm. × 3 mm. wide, flat, scabrous, margins, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, panicle, 130 mm. × 30 mm. wide; Rachis, not extended, scabrous; Spikelet, many, 26 mm. × 5 mm. wide, similar, 1 per node, pedicels 16-30 mm.; Compression, lateral; Disarticulation, above the glumes, between florets; Glumes, lower, 6 mm., veins, ≥3, back hairy, upper, 8.5 mm., <lowest floret, veins, ≥3, rounded, membraneous, awns, 0, back hairy, somewhat more dense distally; Florets, 6 per spikelet, bisexual; Lemma, 10 mm., >glumes, lanceolate, rolled, uniformly hairy on back, green, veins, #7, convergent, tip, rounded, awns, #1, 1.5 mm., straight, attached back of lemma, near tip; Palea, 8 mm., <lemma, membraneous, back hairy, keel ciliate, veins, green, margin, glabrous, tip, entire; Anthers, 2.3 mm.; Ovary, glabrous; Stigma, feathery; Achene, 3 mm., green.


Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2177, Heterotheca foliosa  
2177  Field identification: Heterotheca, towards H. foliosa.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3407N, 105.261W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2412 m. Scent a kind of foetid lemon-pine. Also collected here: Lithospermum multiflorum, Geranium caespitosum, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina, Bromus pumpellianus, and Koeleria macrantha. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2177. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2177, 23 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stem, hispid, glandular; Leaves, proximal mostly withered, but they appear to have been oblanceolate; distal, 35 mm. × 9 mm. wide, sessile, oblanceolate, glandular, hispid, hairs are curved, but not really appressed, so not strigose, Bracts, #1-4, surpassing heads; Phyllaries, 2+ graduated series; Flowers of 2 kinds; Ray flowers, tube 4 mm. + blade 17 mm. ×1 mm. wide, yellow; Disk flowers, tube 6 mm. + lobes 1.5 mm = 7.5 mm., yellow; Pappus, capillary bristles 2 kinds, short, 1 mm., long, 7 mm. Cypsela, 2 mm., shaggy hairy;

In Harrington (1954): Crysopsis fulcrata Greene [=Heterotheca fulcrata (Greene) Shinners], and not Chrysopsis foliosa Nutt. because the involucres are definitely glandular. In Weber & Wittman (2012): Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners. H. fulcrata requires foliage very densely appressed pubescent, the plant gray in aspect, glands hardly visible. H. foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners is not recognized. In Ackerfield (2015): Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners [H. fulcrata (Greene) Shinners misapplied].

  2178  Field identification: yellow owl's clover.

Plants of Colorado
Orobanchaceae

Orthocarpus luteus Nutt.  Yellow Owls Clover.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3405N, 105.2608W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2409 m. Also collected here: Lithospermum multiflorum, Geranium caespitosum, Ipomopsis aggregata ssp. collina, Bromus pumpellianus, and Koeleria macrantha. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2178. 23-Jul-2019

  2179  Field identification: Sedum lanceolatum.

Plants of Colorado
Crassulaceae

Sedum lanceolatum Torr.  Spearleaf Stonecrop.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3394N, 105.2618W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2430 m. On a berm left by prospecting a quartz vein, area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2179. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2180, Apocynum x-floribundum
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2180, Apocynum x-floribundum  
2180  Field identification: Apocynum sp.

Plants of Colorado
Apocynaceae

Apocynum floribundum Greene.  Dogbane.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3393N, 105.2616W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2438 m. Openings in ponderosa pine, also seen/collected here; Achillea millefolium, Sedum lanceolatum, Oxytropis lambertii, Verbascum thapsus, and Elymus elymoides. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2180. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2180, 23 Jul 2019: Nearby collections (15 km., SEINet, 29 Jan 2020) are of Apocynum cannabinum L. and A. androsaemifolium L. I applied the hybrid name (A. floribundum Greene) to this collection because the leaves are spreading to ascending, not drooping, and the corolla lobes are more spreading, not reflexed. Also of note, the corolla is more than twice the calyx.

  2181  Field identification: Achillea millefolium.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Achillea millefolium L.  Common Yarrow.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3393N, 105.2615W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2429 m. Openings in ponderosa pine, also seen/collected here; Apocynum floribundum, Sedum lanceolatum, Oxytropis lambertii, Verbascum thapsus, and Elymus elymoides. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2181. 23-Jul-2019

  2182  Field identification: Wooly Potentilla.

Plants of Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla hippiana Lehm. var. hippiana.  Wooly Cinquefoil.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.3 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3393N, 105.2617W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2423 m. Openings in ponderosa pine, also seen/collected here; Apocynum floribundum, Sedum lanceolatum, Oxytropis lambertii, Verbascum thapsus, and Elymus elymoides. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2182. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2182, 23 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 35 cm., woody caudex; Stem, unbranched, pilose; Leaves, basal and cauline, basal, 70 mm. × 24 mm. wide, pinnately compound, sericeous, less dense adaxially, but not distinctly bicolored, leaflets, #9, cauline, reduced, stipules, 11 mm. × 3 mm. wide, lanceolate, entire, leaflets, #5, 24 mm. × 6 mm. wide, without decurrent bases, toothed along length; Inflorescence, cyme; Bractlets, ±same color as sepals; Petals, 5 mm. × 4.5 mm. wide, yellow; Styles, 2.7 mm., tapered from base, smooth.


Full Size ImageLittle Scraggy Peak from the location of my Coll. Nos. 2183-2185.
Full Size ImageFruit of Coll. No. 2183, Ceanothus fendleri  
2183  Field identification: Ceanothus fendleri.

Plants of Colorado
Rhamnaceae

Ceanothus fendleri A. Gray.  Fendler's Ceanothus.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3385N, 105.2612W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2426 m. Also collected here: Cercocarpus montanus and Potentilla fissa. Among rock outcrops in an area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2183. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2184, Cercocarpus montanus in fruit.  
2184  Field identification: Cercocarpus montanus.

Plants of Colorado
Rosaceae

Cercocarpus montanus Raf.  Alder-Leaf Mountain Mahogany.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3384N, 105.2613W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2426 m. Also collected here: Ceanothus fendleri and Potentilla fissa. Among rock outcrops in an area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2184. 23-Jul-2019

  2185  Field identification: another Potentilla, maybe P. fissa.

Plants of Colorado
Rosaceae

Potentilla fissa Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray.  Bigflower Cinquefoil.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3385N, 105.2612W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2425 m. Also collected here: Ceanothus fendleri and Cercocarpus montanus. Among rock outcrops in an area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2185. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImagePanorama at the location of Coll. Nos. 2186-2188.  
2186  Field identification: Hesperostipa comata.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Hesperostipa comata (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth.  Needle and Thread.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3378N, 105.2621W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2427 m. Open ponderosa pine woodland. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation. Subsp. intermedia per Shaw (2008), infraspecific names not recognized by Weber & Wittmann (2012) or Ackerfield (2015).

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2186. 23-Jul-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2187, Elymus trachycaulus
Full Size ImageSpikelets of Coll. No. 2187, Elymus trachycaulus  
2187  Field identification: a non-blue Thinopyrum, maybe T. ponticum

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinners.  Slender Wheatgrass.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3379N, 105.2622W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2420 m. Open ponderosa pine woodland, with Hesperostipa comata and Nassella viridula. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2187. 23-Jul-2019

Coll. No. 2187, 23 July 2019, characters observed: Perennial grass, to 80 cm., not rhizomatous; Roots, fibrous; Stem, herbaceous; Leaves, blade and sheath differentiated, soft; Sheath, 16 cm., open, glabrous; Ligule, membraneous, 1 mm., auricles, minimal; Blade, 20 cm., rolled, scabrous; Inflorescence, 1 per culm, >leaves, bi-lateral spike, 140 mm. × 5 mm. wide; Rachis, not extended, scabrous on margins; Spikelets, many, #20-24, 14 mm. × 2.2 mm. wide, similar, borne singly, sessile; Disarticulation, above the glumes, between florets; Glumes, lower, 11 mm., veins, #5, rounded, some veins scabrous, upper, 11.5 mm., =lowest floret, veins, #5, rounded, membraneous, some veins scabrous, awns, #0, margins chartaceous, if the lemma awn is excluded, glumes > adjacent lemma, nearly as long as spikelet; Florets, 4+ per spikelet, fertile florets, #4, bisexual; Axis, not extended, green; Lemma, 9.5 mm., <glumes, lanceolate, membraneous, rolled, proximal glabrous, distal scabrous, color, green, veins, ≥5, margins scarious, tip bifid, awns, #1, 1.5 mm., straight, attached, end; Palea, 8 mm., <lemma, membraneous, keel, ciliate, margin glabrous, tip, laciniate; Anthers, 1.8 mm., tan; Ovary, glabrous; Stigma, feathery; Achene, 3.7 mm., green.

Literature Cited:
- Romaschenki, Konstantin, Paul M. Peterson, Robert J. Soreng, nuria Garcia-Jacas, and Alfonso Susanna, 2010.  

2188  Field identification: Nassella viridula.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Achnatherum robustum (Vasey) Barkworth.  Sleepygrass.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, fairly close to Little Scraggy trailhead, about 4 mi. south of town of Buffalo Creek by Cty Rd 126, 60.4 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3378N, 105.262W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2423 m. Palea 3.5 mm., oblong, hairy. Open ponderosa pine woodland, with Hesperostipa comata and Elymus trachycaulus. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2188. 23-Jul-2019

Other articles: County Road 311 near US Hwy 285 Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer Otero Pump Station and Pipeline US Highway 285 near Trout Creek Pass at Trout Creek Pass near Trout Creek Pass

Locations: Trout Creek Pass.
Full Size ImageNortheast on US Highway 285.  

Monday, August 5, 2019

Short stop at Trout Creek Pass.
Full Size Image
Southwest on US Highway 285.
Full Size Image
East end of County Road 311.

Other articles: County Road 311 collecting locality
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2189, Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floridunda
Full Size ImageDistal leaves and inflorescence of Coll. No. 2189, Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floridunda  

2189  Field identification: Packera?

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Hymenoxys richardsonii (Hook.) Cockerell var. floribunda (A. Gray) Parker.  Colorado Rubberweed.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9082N, 105.9888W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2883 m.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2189. 5-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2189, 5 August 2019, characters observed: Perennial, sub-shrub, 20 cm., caudex, branched, woody; Stem, clusters of tomentum, glandular; Leaves, basal and cauline, 25-60 mm. × 15-15 mm. wide, reduced distally, pinnately lobed into 3 linear segments, 0.8-1.8 mm. wide, glandular punctate, little bits of tomentum here and there, margins, entire; Inflorescence, head enclosed by an involucre, 1 per stem, showy, flat-topped, not overtopped by leaves; Peduncles, 40 mm., inconspicuously glandular; Involucre, 5 mm. × 10 mm. wide, hemispheric, glandular, scattered tomentose; Phyllaries, 2 series, series 1, 4.5 mm. × 2 mm. wide, fused ½, lanceolate, series 2, 4 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, widest above middle; Receptacle, conic, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #8-10, tube 1.9 mm. + blade 5.5 mm. × 4.8 mm. wide, obovate, yellow, fertile; Disk flowers, many, tube 3.5 mm. + lobes 0.4 mm., throat expanding, yellow; Pappus, few, well-developed scales, 1.8 mm., ±equal; Fruit (cypsela), 2.5 mm., hairy.

Other articles: County Road 311 collecting locality
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2190, Tetradymia canescens
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2190, Tetradymia canescens  

2190  Field identification: Asteraceae.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Tetradymia canescens DC.  Spineless Horsebush.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.908N, 105.9888W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2883 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda. A Western Cordilleran plant, also collected at Mono Lake, California.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2190. 5-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2190, 5 August 2019, characters observed: Perennial, woody shrub, 15 cm.; Stem, tomentose, thinning in age; Leaves, cauline, alternate, 10 mm. × 2.6 mm. wide, tomentose, margin, entire, tip, acute; Inflorescence, head enclosed by an involucre, not overtopped by leaves; Peduncles, 10-12 mm.; Involucre, 8 mm. × 4 mm. wide, cylindric, tomentose, Phyllaries, #4 in 1 series (altho' it really looks to me like they are paired in vertical ranks), ±equal, 8 mm. × 2.7 mm. wide, tomentose, margins, flat, scarious; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 1 kind; Disk flowers, #4, tube 7.5 mm. + lobes 3 mm., throat expanding above tube, yellow, glabrous; Pappus, well-developed bristles, 2 unequal series, 1 mm., 6.5 mm., plumose; Anthers, 3 mm., tailed; Style, 2-branched, tips, 0.2 mm. ±brush-like appendages; Stigma, 1 mm., > style appendages; Fruit (cypsela), 2 mm, hairy.

  2191  Field identification: Achnatherum hymenoides.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Achnatherum hymenoides (Roem. & Schult.) Barkworth.  Indian Rice Grass.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9079N, 105.9889W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2883 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda and Tetradymia canescens.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2191. 5-Aug-2019

  2192  Field identification: Geranium caespitosum.

Plants of Colorado
Geraniaceae

Geranium caespitosum James.  Pineywoods Geranium.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9081N, 105.9888W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2884 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda, Tetradymia canescens, and Achnatherum hymenoides.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2192. 5-Aug-2019

Other articles: County Road 311 collecting locality
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2193, Penstemon barbatus  

2193  Field identification: Penstemon sp.

Plants of Colorado
Plantaginaceae

Penstemon barbatus (Cav.) Roth.  Beard-Lip Beardtongue.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9083N, 105.9889W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2891 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda, Tetradymia canescens, Geranium caespitosum, and Achnatherum hymenoides.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2193. 5-Aug-2019

Other articles: County Road 311 collecting locality
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2194, Galium boreale
Full Size ImageInflorescence of Coll. No. 2194, Galium boreale  

2194  Field identification: Galium sp.

Plants of Colorado
Rubiaceae

Galium boreale S. Watson.  Bedstraw.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9082N, 105.989W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2890 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda, Tetradymia canescens, Geranium caespitosum, Penstemon barbatus, and Achnatherum hymenoides.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2194. 5-Aug-2019

Other articles: County Road 311 collecting locality
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2194.1 Mertensia ciliata
Full Size ImageFlower of Coll. No. 2194.1 Mertensia ciliata  

2194.1  Field identification: Solanaceae.

Plants of Colorado
Boraginaceae

Mertensia ciliata (Torr.) G. Don.  Tall Fringed Bluebells.

Trout Creek Pass, Chaffee County, Colorado. Along Chaffee County Road 311, about 0.8 mi. west of its intersection with US Highway 285 at Trout Creek Pass, 149 km. southwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 38.9082N, 105.9889W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2883 m. Collected with Hymenoxys richardsonii var. floribunda, Tetradymia canescens, Geranium caespitosum, Penstemon barbatus, Galium boreale, and Achnatherum hymenoides.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2194.1 5-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2194.1, 5 August 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40-45 cm.; Stem, herbaceous, green, glabrous; Leaves, basal, withered, cauline, alternate, petiole 50 mm. + blade 125 mm. × 27 mm. wide, reduced above, lanceolate, mid-rib prominent, lateral veins evident, pustular foveate adaxially, margins strigulose (ciliate?); Inflorescence, cymose; Pedicel, 1-2 mm., elongating to 5 mm. in fruit; Calyx, lobes, #5, 2 mm., fused 0.5 mm., interior strigose; Corolla, 3-4 mm., fused, white to blue, ring of hairs near base (0.5 mm.), Stamens, #5, in throat; Filaments, attached ≤fornices, ≤anthers; Anthers, 1.2 mm.; Style, #1, 4 mm., elongating to 6 mm. in fruit; Fruit, nutlet, nominally #4, but sometimes only #2 develop; 2 mm. × 1.3 mm. wide, attachment lateral, adaxially keeled above scar, margin without bristles or prickles.

Full Size Image
Flower details of Coll. No. 2194.1 Mertensia ciliata

Other articles: US Highway 24 near Jumpin' Good Goat Dairy

Locations: Elephant Rock.
Full Size ImageElephant Rock across from Jumpin' Good Goat Dairy.  

 

Locations: Arkansas River.
Full Size ImageRafting on the Arkansas River
Full Size ImageRafting on the Arkansas River  

Tuesday, August 6, 2019

Rafting on the Arkansas River.

Full Size ImageGoats at the dairy.
Full Size ImageIan and a goat.
Full Size ImageIan and Nico playing corn hole.  

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

 

Full Size ImageSofia figures out how to do the crossed ropes.  
 

Other articles: US Highway 24 in Leadville

Locations: Leadville.
Full Size ImageA visit to Leadville's legendary Silver Dollar Saloon.  

Thursday, August 8, 2019

A visit to Leadville.
Full Size Image
Inside Leadville's legengary Silver Dollar Saloon.
Full Size Image
Inside Leadville's legengary Silver Dollar Saloon.
Full Size Image
Inside Leadville's legengary Silver Dollar Saloon.
 

Saturday, August 10, 2019

 

Other articles: Alameda 18000
Full Size ImageNico with a dinosaur track.
Full Size ImageNico with a dinosaur track.  

 

Other articles: Alameda 17100
Full Size ImageNico with a dinosaur track.
Full Size ImageNico touches a dinosaur bone.  

 

Locations: North Washington Open Space.
Full Size ImageEleven seeds that may be viable found in 3 fruits of Astragalus crassicarpus.  

Sunday, August 11, 2019

North Washington Open Space
  2195  Field identification: Campanula glomerata.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Campanulaceae

Campanula glomerata L.  Dane's Blood.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.73 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Along the north fence. 39.7688N, 105.2328W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1810 m. Garden escapee from the front yard of 633 Alaska Street, where this plant was cultivated in the front yard.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2195. 5-Aug-2019

  2196  Field identification: Solidago, maybe S. nana.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago missouriensis Nutt.  Missouri Goldenrod.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.73 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Along the north fence. 39.7688N, 105.2328W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1813 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2196. 11-Aug-2019

  2197  Field identification: Pediomelum tenuiflorum.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Fabaceae

Psoralidium tenuiflorum (Pursh) Rydb.  Slimflower Scurfpea.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 1.73 km. north northeast of the GNIS location of Golden. Along the north fence. 39.7688N, 105.2329W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1816 m.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2197. 11-Aug-2019

Literature Cited:
- Smith, Jerd, 2019.

Other articles: Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer Berthoud Pass Ditch  

Vandals damage Northglenn Ditch.
 

Thursday, August 15, 2019

 

Other articles: C-8 Morrison Natural History Museum
Full Size ImageNico tries using an air chisel.  

Visit to the Morrison Natural History Museum.
 

Tuesday, August 20, 2019

 

Other articles: Lookout Mountain Road at the M
Full Size ImageNico at the gate to the M.
Full Size ImageNico and Ian on the trail to the M.  

A visit to the M.

Other articles: Colorow Road at nature center
Full Size ImageMatching animal tracks at the Lookout Mountain Nature Center.  

Lookout Mountain Nature Center

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Tuesday, August 27, 2019

Ranson/Edwards
  2198  Field Identification: Solidago, for sure, a big one.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago rigida L. var. humilis Porter.  Stiff Goldenrod.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 130 m. west into open prairie. 39.8852N, 105.2635W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1954 m. Low, wet area. Also collected here: Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus, nearby: Lactuca serriola, Sonchus asper, and Sporobolus heterolepis.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2198. 27-Aug-2019

  2199  Field identification: Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O. Spring & E. Schilling.  Stiff Sunflower.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 125 m. west into open prairie. 39.8851N, 105.2634W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1959 m. A small colony of short stature. Low, wet area. Also collected here: Solidago rigida var. humilis, nearby: Lactuca serriola, Sonchus asper, and Sporobolus heterolepis.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2199. 27-Aug-2019

  2200  Field identification: Lactuca serriola.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Lactuca serriola L.  Prickly Lettuce.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 150 m. west into open prairie. 39.8855N, 105.2635W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1958 m. Stem prickly below, achenes with multiple nerves. Dense colony of small plants in dried wetland, with Iris missouriensis and Epilobium sp..

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2200. 27-Aug-2019

  2201  Field identification: some kind of thistle, later maybe Sonchus asper.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.  Spiny Sowthistle.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 150 m. west into open prairie. 39.8857N, 105.2636W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1957 m. Leaf-base auricles rounded. Achenes 3(5)-ribbed, not transverse rugose. Many rosettes present.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2201. 27-Aug-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2202, Bidens frondosa
Full Size ImageVarious flower parts of Coll. No. 2202, Bidens frondosa  
2202  Field identification: Discoid comp., later: Bidens tripartita.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Bidens frondosa L.  Devil's Beggartick.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 290 m. west to a small reservoir. 39.8865N, 105.2644W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1956 m. Discoid composite; in delta gravel of small reservoir.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2202. 27-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2202, 27 August 2019, characters observed: Herbs, 18-28 cm.; Leaves, basal, unknown, cauline, opposite, 50 mm. × 40 mm. wide, pinnately compound, leaflets, #3, 25 mm. × 12 mm. wide, margin, serrate; Inflorescence, head enclosed in an involucre, 5-6 mm. wide; Phyllaries, outer, #5, 12 mm. × 2 mm. wide, green, inner, many, 5.5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, brown, margin, scarious (similar to the paleae); Receptacle, paleate; Paleae, 5 mm. × 1.7 mm. wide, margin, scarious; Corolla, 1.5 mm., orange-yellow; Pappus, #2, barbed awns, 1.5 mm.; Achene, 2-5-2.8 mm. × 1.5 mm. wide, very flat, hairy.

  2203  Field identification: Echinochloa sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Echinochloa muricata (P. Beauv.) Fernald var. microstachya Wiegand.  Rough Barnyardgrass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 290 m. west to a small reservoir. 39.8866N, 105.2644W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1954 m. Sterile lemma with pustular-based bristles. In gravel of small stream delta. Also collected here: Bidens frondosa.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2203. 27-Aug-2019


Full Size ImageScale and achenes of Coll. No. 2204, Eleocharis, c.f. E. obtusa  
2204  Field identification: Eleocharis sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Cyperaceae

Eleocharis R. Br. c.f. E. obtusa (Willd.) Schult.  Spikerush.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 0.9 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 290 m. west to a small reservoir. 39.8866N, 105.2644W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1955 m. No rhizomes seen, achenes biconvex, 1 mm., with a broad flattened cap, stigmas, #2. E. palustris was previously collected here, other plants collected nearby: Bidens frondosa, Gratiola neglecta, Alisma trivale, and Echinochloa muricata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2204. 27-Aug-2019

  2205  Field identification: Solidago, maybe S. nemoralis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago nana Nutt.  Baby Goldenrod.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 480 m. on a small ridge, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8879N, 105.266W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1979 m. Also observed/collected nearby: Toxicodendron rydbergii and Artemisia campestris.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2205. 27-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2205, 27 August 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 35 cm., short-hairy throughout; Stem, ascending from a creeping rootstock; Leaves, mostly cauline, alternate, petiole, 25 mm., blade 40 mm. × 9 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, margin, entire, tip, round, veins (nerves), #1, eglandular, short hairy; Inflorescence, head enclosed by involucre, many heads per stem, not showy, 70 mm. × 26 mm. wide, elongated, not overtopped by leaves; Peduncles, 3 mm.; Involucre, 5 mm. × 2.5 mm. wide, cylindric-conic; Phyllaries, in 5± series, lower << rest of involucre, unequal, 4 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, chartaceous with green tips, veins, #1, eglandular, margins, flat, tip, ciliate; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #4, tube 2.5 mm. + blade 2 mm. × 0.7 mm. wide = 4.5 mm.; yellow; Disk flowers, #8, tube 3.5 mm. + lobes 0.5 mm. = 4.0 mm., yellow; Pappus, many well-developed bristles, 3 mm., ±equal; Fruit (cypsela), 1 mm. × 0.4 mm. wide, brown, hairy.

Keys to S. nemoralis in Weber & Wittmann (2012) and FNANM per the form of the inflorescence, yet the description in FNANM better describes this as S. nana especially in the number of phyllary series, and relative number of ray and disk flowers. Based on the key in Ackerfield (2015), would key to S. nana based upon the relative number of ray and disk flowers in the heads. Based upon the description in Ackerfield (2015), very similar to S. nana but S. nemoralis is a better fit because the ray flowers, disk flowers, and the cypselae are shorter.

  2206  Field identification: Artemisia campestris.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Artemisia campestris L. ssp. pacifica (Nutt.) Peck.  Field Sagewort.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 500 m. west on a small ridge, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8884N, 105.2663W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1978 m. Fairly dry, exposed prairie on small ridge between watercourses. Also observed/collected nearby: Toxicodendron rydbergii and Solidago nana. Same as Coll. No. 2207.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2206. 27-Aug-2019

  2207  Field identification: Artemisia campestris.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Artemisia campestris L. ssp. pacifica (Nutt.) Peck.  Field Sagewort.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 620 m. west on a small ridge, 19.4 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8877N, 105.2672W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1988 m. Fairly dry, exposed prairie on small ridge between watercourses. Also observed/collected nearby: Toxicodendron rydbergii and Solidago nana. Same as Coll. No. 2206.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2207. 27-Aug-2019

  2208  Field identification: Allium cernuum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Alliaceae

Allium cernuum Roth.  Nodding Onion.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 870 m. west on a small ridge, 20.0 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8884N, 105.2696W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2010 m. Northwest-facing slope above ephemeral stream.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2208. 27-Aug-2019

  2209  Field identification: Senecio spartioides.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray.  Broomlike Ragwort.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 925 m. west on a small ridge, 19.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8875N, 105.2699W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2017 m.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2209. 27-Aug-2019

  2210  Field identification: another Bidens, maybe B. cernua or B. laevis.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heliomeris multiflora Nutt. var. multiflora.  Showy Golden Eye.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 725 m. west to an ephemeral stream, 19.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8867N, 105.2686W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1994 m. Edge of an emphemeral stream, with Lsyimachia ciliata, Mentha arvensis, and Lycopus americanus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2210. 27-Aug-2019

 

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Bidens frondosa L.  Devil's Beggartick.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, 1.6 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.1 mi. north on Plainview Road, then 725 m. west to an ephemeral stream, 19.7 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8867N, 105.2737W. WGS 84 Elev. 1994 m. Edge of an ephemeral stream, with Heliomeris multiflora, Lsyimachia ciliata, Mentha arvensis, and Lycopus americanus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2210.1 27-Aug-2019

Locations: Lippincott Property.  

Thursday, August 29, 2019

Lippincott Property.
  2211  Field identification: Gutierrezia sarothrae.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby.  Broom Snakeweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, approx. centroid of parcel, atop spoils pile of clay pit, 22.5 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9054N, 105.2737W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1977 m. Open recent growth ponderosa pine woodland, also seen/collected here: Achnatherum nelsonii, and Elymus elymoides.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2211. 29-Aug-2019

Other articles: Lippincott Road at Bull Gl
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2216, Pericome caudata
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2212, Pericome caudata  

2212  Field identification: Senecio ???, definitely a shrub, with a Senecio-like involucre.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Pericome caudata A. Gray.  Mountain Tail-Leaf.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2764W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. Shrub, to 1 meter.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2212. 29-Aug-2019

  2213  Field identification: Grindelia hirsutula.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal.  Curlycup Gumweed.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9078N, 105.2764W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1965 m. Also collected here: Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, and Urtica dioica. Variety squarrosa per leaf proportions in Ackerfield (2015) if infraspecific names are to be applied.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2213. 29-Aug-2019

  2214  Field identification: Mentha sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Lamiaceae

Nepeta cataria L.  Catnip.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2765W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1965 m. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, and Urtica dioica.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2214. 29-Aug-2019

Coll. No. 2214, 29 August 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stem, square, hispid; Leaves, opposite, petiole, 8 mm., blade, 40 mm. × 19 mm. wide, reduced above, deltoid-chordate, margin, crenate, abaxial densely hispid, rather than tomentose per Ackerfield (2015), tip, acute; Inflorescence, flower clusters arising from axils, flowers pedicillate; Calyx, lobes sharply acute but lacking spines or bristles; Corolla, 2-lipped, white.

  2215  Field identification: Heterotheca foliolosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9079N, 105.2766W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1961 m. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, Nepeta cataria, and Urtica dioica.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2215. 27-Aug-2019

  2216  Field identification: Senecio spartioides.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray.  Broomlike Ragwort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.908N, 105.2765W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1961 m. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Nepeta cataria, and Urtica dioica.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2216. 29-Aug-2019

  2217  Field identification: Nettles.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Urticaceae

Urtica dioica L. ssp. gracilis (Aiton) Seland.  Stinging Nettle.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9078N, 105.2764W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1958 m. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, and Nepeta cataria.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2217. 29-Aug-2019

  2218  Field identification: Epilobium, maybe E. brachycarpum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Onagraceae

Epilobium brachycarpum C. Presl.  Autumn Willow Herb.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9079N, 105.2764W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, and Nepeta cataria.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2218. 29-Aug-2019

  2219  Field identification: Erigeron porteri, or is it?

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Symphyotrichum porteri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom.  Smooth White Aster.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, among boulders on the south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9078N, 105.2766W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1960 m. Basal rosette present, fibrous roots. Also collected here: Grindelia squarrosa, Heterotheca foliosa, Pericome caudata, Senecio spartioides, and Nepeta cataria.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2219. 29-Aug-2019

  2220  Field identification: Liatris punctata.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Liatris punctata Hook.  Dotted Blazing Star.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, north segment of parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9071N, 105.2793W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2022 m. Drier rocky knoll at edge of ponderosa pine woodland.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2220. 29-Aug-2019

  2221  Field identification: Hypericum perforatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Hypericaceae

Hypericum perforatum L.  Common St. John's Wort.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, north segment of parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9064N, 105.2802W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2025 m. Highest prairie at edge of ponderosa pine woodland. Heavily grazed by cattle. Also collected here: Symphyotrichum laeve. Colorado Noxious Weed List C.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2221. 29-Aug-2019

  2222  Field identification: Symphyotrichum laeve.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) . Lve & D. Lve.  Smooth Blue Aster.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, north segment of parcel, south side of Bull Gulch, 22.8 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9062N, 105.2804W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2015 m. Highest prairie at edge of ponderosa pine woodland. Heavily grazed by cattle. Also collected here: Hypericum perforatum, a Colorado Noxious Weed List C plant.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2222. 29-Aug-2019

  2223  Field identification: Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhombioides.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. ssp. subrhomboideus (Rydb.) O. Spring & E. Schilling.  Stiff Sunflower.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest segment of parcel, nearly up to the railroad tracks, 22.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9043N, 105.2813W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2040 m. Steep east-facing grassy slope. Also collected here: Heliomeris multiflora var. multiflora.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2223. 29-Aug-2019

  2224  Field identification: the Bidens thing ???

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heliomeris multiflora Nutt. var. multiflora.  Showy Golden Eye.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, southwest segment of parcel, nearly up to the railroad tracks, 22.6 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.9042N, 105.2812W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2054 m. Perennial from creeping rootstock. Steep east-facing grassy slope. Also collected here: Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2224. 29-Aug-2019

Other articles: Tolland Road East Portal near RR Xing near Rollinsville Plainview Road at bend CO Highway 119 at CO 72W

Locations: Nederland.
Full Size ImageBNSF manifest freight westbound near Tolland, Colorado  

Sunday, September 1, 2019

Hiking on South Boulder Creek, from the east portal of the Moffat Tunnel.
Full Size Image
East portal of the Moffat Tunnel.
Full Size Image
Sofia on South Boulder Creek.
Full Size Image
The station of Rollins, Rollinsville in the middle distance.
Full Size Image
The shed of the frozen dead guy.
Full Size Image
Looking north across Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space.

Locations: Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park.  

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space with Cindy Trujillo.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2225, Panicum virgatum
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2225, Panicum virgatum  
2225  Field identification: Panicum virgatum.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Panicum virgatum L.  Switchgrass.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High Plains above Rocky Flats, near northwest corner of Ranson/Edwards, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.9 mi. generally north to a private road, then 200 m. west along the northern boundary fence, 21.7 km. north northwest of Golden. 39.8991N, 105.2751W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2009 m. Rhizomatous, sheaths glabrous, glumes with long acuminate tips. Growing in the former access road to a clay pit.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Cindy Trujillo 2225. 10-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2226, Heterotheca foliosa  
2226  Field identification: Heterotheca, maybe H. foliosa.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Heterotheca foliosa (Nutt.) Shinners.  Hairy False Goldenaster.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, northwest corner of Ranson/Edwards, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 2.1 mi generally north on Plainview Road, then 350 m. west. 39.8974N, 105.2751W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2036 m. Area with down, burned ponderosa pines, also collected here: Ceanothus fendleri, nearby Amorpha nana, Danthonia spicata, and Sorghastrum nutans.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Cindy Trujillo 2226. 10-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2227, Solidago gigantea  
2227  Field identification: Solidago, tall, possibly S. gigantea.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago gigantea Aiton.  Giant Goldenrod.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, northwest corner of Ranson/Edwards, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 2.1 mi generally north on Plainview Road, then 200 m. west. 39.8974N, 105.2738W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2028 m. Leaf margins serrate, ciliate. In deep grassland with few ponderosa pines, also collected nearby: Antennaria rosea, Townsendia hookeri, Noccaea fendleri, and Frasera speciosa,

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2227. 10-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2228.1, Prunus cf., P. pumila var. besseyi  
2228.1  Field identification: Rosaceae, maybe Prunus pumila.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Rosaceae

Prunus, cf. Prunus pumila L. var. besseyi (L. H. Bailey) Gleason.  Sand Cherry.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, approximate center of parcel, in a gravel bar on west side of the road, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.2 mi. north on Plainview Road, 19.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8895N, 105.262W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1944 m. Horizontally growing stems on gravel bar. Also collected here: Salvia reflexa, Fallopia convolvulus, and Chamaesyce serpyllifolia.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Cindy Trujillo 2228.1 10-Sep-2019

  2228.2  Field identification: Euphorbia sp.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Euphorbiaceae

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small.  Thymeleaf Sandmat.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, approximate center of parcel, in a gravel bar on west side of the road, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.2 mi. north on Plainview Road, 19.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8895N, 105.262W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1944 m. Collected with: Salvia reflexa, Fallopia convolvulus and Prunus cf. P. pumila var. besseyi.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Cindy Trujillo 2228.2 10-Sep-2019

  2228.3  Field identification: black bindweed -- Fallopia convolvulus.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Lve.  Black Bindweed.

Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park, Jefferson County, Colorado. High plains above Rocky Flats, approximate center of parcel, in a gravel bar on west side of the road, 1.7 mi. west on CO Hwy 72 from CO Hwy 93, 1.2 mi. north on Plainview Road, 19.9 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.8895N, 105.262W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1944 m. Also collected here: Salvia reflexa, Chamaesyce serpyllifolia, and Prunus cf. P. pumila var. besseyi.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich, with Cindy Trujillo 2228.3 10-Sep-2019

Locations: North Washington Open Space.  

Thursday, September 12, 2019

North Washington Open Space, looking for rabbitbrush to collect.

Full Size ImageColl. No. 2229, Ericameria nauseosa var. graveolens  
2229  Field identification: Ericameria nauseosa var. graveolens.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird var. graveolens (Nutt.) Reveal & Schuyler.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Hu\ighway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.31 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden (on 12th Street near the Buffalo Rose Saloon). 39.7688N, 105.2328W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1799 m. 10± shrubs along northern boundary. Collected nearby: Lomatium orientale, Mertensia lanceolata, Colutea arboescens, Psoralidium tenuiflorum, and Viola nuttallii.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2229. 12-Sep-2019

  2230  Field identification: Symphyotrichum porteri.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Symphyotrichum porteri (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom.  Smooth White Aster.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.31 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. Near top of hill, north central part of the parcel. 39.7687N, 105.2329W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1811 m. Also collected nearby: Cryptantha virgata, Lithospermum incisum, Penstemon secundiflorus, and Poa secunda.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2230. 12-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2231, Senecio spartioides with a praying mantis and a beetle.  
2231  Field identification: Senecio spartioides.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray.  Broomlike Ragwort.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.31 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. Near top of hill, central part of the parcel. 39.7685N, 105.2331W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1819 m. Remnant mixed-grass prairie, also collected nearby: Hymenopappus filifolius, Oxytropis lambertii, Eriogonum effusum and Carex inops heliophila.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2231. 12-Sep-2019

  2232  Field identification: Eriogonum effusum.

Native and Naturalized Flora of the Golden Area, Jefferson County, Colorado
Polygonaceae

Eriogonum effusum Nutt.  Spreading Buckwheat.

North Washington Open Space, Jefferson County, Colorado. Small (4 acre) fallow city-owned parcel in northern Golden, near the intersection of Colorado Highway 93 and Washington Avenue, 2.31 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. Near top of hill, central part of the parcel. 39.7685N, 105.2331W. WGS 1984 Elev. 1818 m. Remnant mixed-grass prairie, also collected nearby: Hymenopappus filifolius, Senecio spartioides, Oxytropis lambertii, and Carex inops var. heliophila.

Collected by permit: City of Golden, 2019, issued: Jan 29, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2232. 12-Sep-2019

Locations: Little Scraggy Peak.
Full Size ImageClosest I've gotton to Little Scraggy Peak.  

Monday, September 16, 2019

Little Scraggy Peak
  2233  Field identification: Muhlenbergia montana.

Plants of Colorado
Poaceae

Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc.  Mountain Muhly.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.24 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.3384N, 105.2662W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2436 m. Also collected here: Antennaria parvifolia, Mertensia lanceolata, Androsace septentrionalis, and Poa fendleriana. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2233. 16-Sep-2019

  2234  Field identification: Dieteria bigelovii.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Dieteria bigelovii (A. Gray) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman.  Bigelow's Tansy Aster.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.47 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden 39.3365N, 105.2666W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2444 m. Peduncles and phyllaries with glandular hairs. Variety bigelovii if infraspecific names are to be applied. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2234. 16-Sep-2019

  2235  Field identification: Solidago sp.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Solidago nana Nutt.  Baby Goldenrod.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.47 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3355N, 105.2677W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2448 m. Some characters approach S. nemoralis: rays 5.5 mm. #: (6,6,7), disk fls #: (6,7,6), pappi, 3 mm., cypselae, 1 mm. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2235. 16-Sep-2019

  Field identification: Polygonum sp.

Plants of Colorado
Polygonaceae

Polygonum douglasii Greene.  Douglas Knotweed.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.65 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60.1 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3355N, 105.2677W. WGS 84 Elev. 2448 m. Also collected nearby: Senecio spartioides, Solidago nana, and Jamesia americana. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation. Same as Coll. No. 2237.1.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2235.1 16-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2236, Jamesia americana.  
2236  Field identification: Jamesia americana, in fruit.

Plants of Colorado
Hydrangeaceae

Jamesia americana Torr. & A. Gray.  Fivepetal Cliffbush.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.70 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60.1 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3352N, 105.2679W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2458 m. Fruit only. Also collected nearby: Senecio spartioides, Solidago nana, and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2236. 16-Sep-2019

  2237  Field identification: Senecio spartioides.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Senecio spartioides Torr. & A. Gray.  Broomlike Ragwort.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.70 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60.1 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3348N, 105.2678W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2464 M. Very narrow, filiform leaves compared to those found along the foothills. Also collected nearby: Jamesia americana, Solidago nana, and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2237. 16-Sep-2019

 

Plants of Colorado
Polygonaceae

Polygonum douglasii Greene.  Douglas Knotweed.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 1.70 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60.1 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3348N, 105.2679W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2464 m.. Also collected nearby: Jamesia americana, Solidago nana, and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2237.1 16-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2238, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi  
2238  Field identification: Arctostapylos uva-ursi.

Plants of Colorado
Ericaceae

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel.  Bearberry.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, northwest base of large granite outcrop, 1.83 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 60.9 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3343N, 105.2684W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2493 m. In fruit. This patch has more fruit than typically seen nearby. Also collected nearby: Senecio spartioides, Solidago nana, Jamesia americana, and Polygonum douglasii. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2238. 16-Sep-2019

  2239  Field identification: Dieteria bigelovii.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Dieteria bigelovii (A. Gray) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman.  Bigelow's Tansy Aster.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 2.04 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 61.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3325N, 105.2685W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2517 m. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation. Same as Coll. No. 2234.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2239. 16-Sep-2019

  2239.1  Field identification: Chenopodium sp.

Plants of Colorado
Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium fremontii S. Watson.  Fremont's Goosefoot.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 2.04 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 61.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3325N, 105.2686W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2517 m. Leaves, deltate, entire w/ basal lobes, thin, sparsely farinose below; Sepals, #5, farinose. Several stems previously eaten. Also collected here: Juniperus scopulorum, Dieteria bigelovii, and Symphyotrichum porteri. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2239.1 16-Sep-2019


Full Size ImageColl. No. 2240, Erigeron subtrinervis
Full Size ImageColl. No. 2240, Erigeron subtrinervis  
2240  Field identification: Erigeron, maybe E. divergens, buds nodding.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. ex Porter & Britton.  Threenerve Daisy.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 2.04 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 61.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3324N, 105.2685W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2519 m. Buds nodding, rays 100±, pappus both setae and bristles. Also collected here: Juniperus scopulorum, Symphyotrichum porteri, Chenopodium fremontii. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2240. 16-Sep-2019

Coll. No. 2240, 16 September 2019, characters observed: Perennial herb, to 40 cm.; Stem, hispid (setose or setulose might better describe the pubescence, but this term rarely used by Colorado authors); Leaves, cauline, alternate, blade 27 mm. × 3 mm. wide, reduced distally, oblanceolate, entire, hispid, eglandular, tip, mucronate(-ish); Heads, showy, not overtopped by leaves; Peduncles, 80-100- mm.; Involucre, 5 mm. × 10 mm. wide; Phyllaries, 3± graduated series, 4.5 mm. × 1.2 mm. wide, lower < rest of involucre, chartaceous at base, green center, margin scarious, hispid, glandular, tips purplish; Receptacle, epaleate; Flowers, of 2 kinds; Ray flowers, #100±, tube 2.5 mm. + blade 5 mm. × 0.3 mm. wide, lavender, sterile (?); Disk flowers, many, tube 1.7 mm. + lobes 0.3 mm., expanding gradually, yellow; Pappus, outer crown of dissected scales 0.3-0.4 mm., inner capillary bristles 2.5 mm.; Fruit (cypsela), 1 mm., 4-angled, brown hairy.

  2241  Field identification: Symphyotrichum porteri.

Plants of Colorado
Asteraceae

Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. ex Porter & Britton.  Threenerve Daisy.

Little Scraggy Peak, Jefferson County, Colorado. Buffalo Creek Recreation Area, northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak, 2.04 km. southwest of the Little Scraggy trailhead, 61.2 km. south of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.3326N, 105.269W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2501 m. Same as Coll. No. 2240 Also collected here: Juniperus scopulorum, Dieteria bigelovii, and Chenopodium fremontii. Area generally disturbed by minerals prospecting, fuels reduction, and mountain biking recreation.

Collected by permit: Pike-Isabel National Forest, 2019, issued: Mar 8, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2241. 16-Sep-2019

  2242  Field identification: Asteraceae, tribe Inuleae?
  2243  Field identification: Calycoseris?, nope none in Colorado, maybe Crepis sp.
  2244  Field identification: Brassicaceae, office: Berteroa incana ???

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc.  Mountain Muhly.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, approximate centroid of parcel, south end of hill above clay pit, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.903N, 105.2761W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2203 m. Open ponderosa pine woodlland on steep rocky slope of hogback, also collected nearby: Bromus briziformis and Hesperostipa comata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2245. 30-Sep-2019

 

Friday, September 20, 2019

Rocky Mountain National Park.

Other articles: Bear Lake Road at South Moraine Rd

Locations: Moraine Park.
Full Size ImageBull elk trapped on the wrong side of the road.  

Elk-watching at Moraine Park.
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Elk in Moraine Park.
Full Size Image
Elk-watching in Moraine Park
 

Saturday, September 21, 2019

 

Other articles: Colorado State Highway 66 East Portal Colorado Trans-Basin Water Transfer at East Portal

Locations: East Portal.
Full Size ImageEast Portal Surge Basin  

East Portal Surge Basin

Other articles: Toll Memorial Trail Toll Memorial near end of trail on the trail
Full Size ImageThe Toll Memorial Trail
Full Size ImageView of Fall River Canyon from the Toll Memorial Trail.  

Trail Ridge Road
Full Size Image
Near the east end of the Toll Memorial Trail.

Locations: Lippincott Property.  

Monday, September 30 2019

Lippicott, 1 collection, bugling elk, and flocks of turkeys making a ruckus.

Full Size ImageObs. No. 1626, Achnatherum sp. ?
Full Size ImageObs. No. 1625, Achnatherum sp. ?
Full Size ImageLocations of Obs. No. 1625 and 1626, Achnatherum sp. ?  
Looked at a number of grasses following a report on presence of Achnatherum scribneri. This one, Obs. No. 1625, looks close but not quite. Same for Obs. No. 1626. If I were forced to pick a name, it would more likely be A. nelsonii rather than A. scribneri.
  2245  Field identification: Muhlenbergia, maybe M. montana.

Plants of Jefferson County Open Space
Jefferson County, Colorado
Poaceae

Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc.  Mountain Muhly.

Lippincott Property, Jefferson County, Colorado. Northernmost Jefferson County, parcel jointly owned by Jefferson County Open Space and City of Boulder OSMP, approximate centroid of parcel, south end of hill above clay pit, 22.2 km. north northwest of the GNIS location of Golden. 39.903N, 105.2761W. WGS 1984 Elev. 2203 m. Open ponderosa pine woodlland on steep rocky slope of hogback, also collected nearby: Bromus briziformis and Hesperostipa comata.

Collected by permit: Jefferson County Open Space, 2019, issued: Mar 1, 2019, to: Tom Schweich.

Tom Schweich 2245. 30-Sep-2019

Other articles: Washington Avenue Clear Ck

Locations: Clear Creek.
Full Size ImageClear Creek in the Fall.  

Friday, 11 Oct 2019

Clear Creek with turning leaves after a small snow storm.
 

Saturday, 19 October 2019

Lubahn Trail hike.

Other articles: Lubahn Trail along trail below plaque
Full Size ImageHikers driving their radio controlled cars down the Lubahn Trial.
Full Size ImageCastle Rock  

Full Size Image
View from Lubahn Trail.
 

Other articles: Lubahn Trail at stairs
Full Size ImageClimbing the stairs to Castle Rock.  

 

Other articles: Lubahn Trail Castle Rock

Locations: Castle Rock.
Full Size ImageView from the top of Castle Rock.  

Top of Castle Rock
Full Size Image
View from the top of Castle Rock.
Full Size Image
View from the top of Castle Rock.

Full Size ImageStewards of Golden Open Space has a table at the Golden Non-Profit Expo.  

Sunday, 20 October 2019

Mary Ann, Judy, and John with the Stewards of Golden Open Space table.
 

Friday, October 25, 2019

Golden, Colorado to Taos, New Mexico.

Other articles: Colorado Highway 17 at Ln 9N
Full Size ImageEntrance to Colorado Gators Reptile Park.
Full Size ImageSofia holds a live gator.  

Colorado Gators Reptile Park
Full Size Image
Mixed turtles and gators.

Other articles: US Highway 285 35000
Full Size ImageWelcome to New Mexico  

At the New Mexico border.

Other articles: US Highway 64 at bridge

Locations: Rio Grande Gorge Bridge.
Full Size ImageBridge over Rio Grande River.  

At the Rio Grande Bridge.
 

Saturday, October 26, 2019

 

Other articles: State Road 68 at Allbright

Locations: Taos.
Full Size ImageLaunching balloons in Taos.  

Balloon launching in Taos

Other articles: Rufina Circle at Rufina Lane
Full Size ImageCreature in Meow Wolf
Full Size ImageUndersea garden.  

Meow Wolf

Full Size Image
In Meow Wolf
Full Size Image
On the couch.
Full Size Image
Somewhere inside.
Full Size Image
In a nest.
 

Full Size ImageIn the plaza.  
In Santa Fe.

Full Size ImageHot tub.  
Back at our place.
 

Sunday, October 27, 2019

 

Other articles: Paseo del Pueblo Norte Taos Pueblo

Locations: Taos Pueblo.
Full Size ImageIn Taos Pueblo.  

Taos Pueblo

Other articles: County Road 98 El Santuario de Chimayo Historic Site

Locations: El Santuario de Chimayo Historic Site.
Full Size ImageThe Sanctuary of Chimayo  

El Santuario de Chimayo
Full Size Image
The Sanctuary of Chimayo
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Sofia at the Sanctuary of Chimayo
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Sofia at the Sanctuary of Chimayo

Full Size ImagePrickly Pear Lemonade  
Lunch at Rancho de Chimayo

Other articles: Washington Avenue at arch
Full Size ImageTrick or Treating in downtown Golden.  

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Trick or Treating in downtown Golden.

 

   

November, 2019

 

 

Other articles: Alley bet. Arapahoe & Cheyenne
Full Size ImageConditions in the alley, 19 Nov 2019.  

Tuesday, 19 November 2019

Mess in the alley, again.

 
Full Size ImageOrchestra concert with Sofia.
Full Size ImageOrchestra concert with Sofia.
Full Size ImageOrchestra concert with Sofia.  

Wednesday, 20 Nov 2019

Sofia's concert.

 
Full Size ImageOutdoor Furniture  

Friday, 22 November 2019

Mess in the alley, again.

 

Other articles: Interstate 70 146000
Full Size ImageWelcome to Utah  

Saturday, 23 November 2019

Golden, CO to Blanding, UT

Other articles: US Highway 163 n. of Monument Vy
Full Size ImageView southwest to Monument Valley  

 

Other articles: US Highway 163 at AZ/UT border
Full Size ImageArizona!  

First time in Arizona

Other articles: Arizona Highway 64 at L Colorado Olook
Full Size ImageLittle Colorado River Gorge Overlook  

Little Colorado River Gorge Overlook

Other articles: Arizona Highway 64 at Desert View

Locations: Desert View.
Full Size ImageAt Desert View  

Far View

Other articles: Arizona Highway 64 at Grandview Pt

Locations: Grandview Point.
Full Size ImageSofia at Grandview Point  

At Granview Point

Other articles: Arizona Highway 64 Grand Canyon

Locations: Grand Canyon.
Full Size ImageBeyond the rail at Grand Canyon.  

At Grand Canyon headquarters
Full Size Image
At Grand Canyon

   

Monday, 25 November 2019

Williams, Arizona to Palmdale, California

 

Other articles: U. S. Interstate 40 near Essex Road
Full Size ImageView north from US Interstate 40.  

A view of the eastern Mojave

Other articles: U. S. Interstate 40 near Newberry Sprs.
Full Size ImageDust Storm
Full Size ImageDust Storm  

Dust storm near Newberry Springs. We had to replace the air filter when we got to Barstow.

Other articles: Yucca Tree Street at 38969

Locations: Palmdale.
Full Size ImageThe Ol' Homestead in 2019.  

The Ol' Homestead

   

Tuesday, 26 November 2019

Palmdale to Rancho Santa Margarita.

 

Locations: Hollywood.
Full Size ImageHollywood
Full Size ImageOn the casting couch.  

A visit to Hollywood

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Hollywood sign.
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The star of Mickey Mouse.
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Sofia at the Hollywood Sign
 

Full Size ImageSofia with someone!
Full Size ImageCheryl with Betty White.
Full Size ImageSofia with Penelope Cruz  

Madame Tussauds Hollywood.

Full Size Image
Sofia with Megan Markle and Prince Harry.
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Sofia with Julia Roberts.
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Sofia and ?
Full Size Image
Sofia and ?
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Sofia and Demi Lovato
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Sofia and Charlie Chaplin.
Full Size Image
Sofia in the tub.
Full Size Image
With the mummy.
Full Size Image
With Frankenstein's monster.
Full Size Image
I have no idea what this was.
Full Size Image
Hi Mom!
Full Size Image
John Travolta
Full Size Image
Edward Scissorhands
Full Size Image
The Godfather
Full Size Image
Chatting with Jack
Full Size Image
With E.T.
Full Size Image
Madonna
Full Size Image
Michael Jackson
Full Size Image
Lady Gaga, I presume!
Full Size Image
Bond James Bond (???)
Full Size Image
?
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With President Obama.
 

Other articles: U. S. Interstate 5 in Irvine

Locations: Irvine.
Full Size ImagePalm trees along US I-5 in Irvine.  

Hollywood to Rancho Santa Margarita

   

Saturday, 30 November 2019

Willcox, Arizona, to Raton, New Mexico

Other articles: US Interstate 25 near Albuquerque

Locations: Albuquerque.
Full Size ImageComing into Albuquerque.  

Coming into Albuquerque

Other articles: US Interstate 25 near Santa Fe
Full Size ImageComing into Santa Fe.  

Coming into Santa Fe

Full Size ImageSwimming at the Best Western, Raton.  
Raron, New Mexico

   

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Raton, New Mexico to Golden, Colorado

 

 

Other articles: County Road 67 somewhars County Route 126. 49000 County Road 550 at Little Scraggy Trailhead

Locations: North Fork Volunteer Fire Department Station 1.
Full Size ImageSledding without sled.  

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Annual Tree-Killin' Expedition.

Full Size Image
Gormet lunch at North Fork Volunteer Fire Department.
Full Size Image
Our photo with Santa.
Full Size Image
Annual visit with Santa.
Happy Pearl Harbor Day!

 

Other articles: Mesa View Way 480 Mesa View Dr
Full Size ImageChristmas lights on Mesa View Way.  

Friday, December 13, 2019

 

 
Full Size ImageBirthday party!  

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Birthday party!

 

Other articles: Alley bet. Arapahoe & Cheyenne
Full Size ImageConditions in the alley, 15 Dec 2019.  

Sunday, December 15, 2019

 

 
Full Size ImageMud tracked into Arapahoe Street from alley.  

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

 

Full Size ImageLast day of school; pajama day!  
Pajama Day

Other articles: 6th Avenue Trail at Triceratops Trail Triceratops Trail at 6th Ave Trail at Info Kiosk above clay pit Clay Mining 72000 Interp. Shed south Interp. Shed north
Full Size ImageBeginning of Triceratops Trail on the 6th Avenue Trail.
Full Size ImageMorrison-Golden Fossil Areas National Natural Landmark  

Saturday, December 21st

Walked the Triceratops Trail so that I can map it.
Full Size Image
View of clay pit display from overlook.
Full Size Image
Clay Mining interpretive panel.
Full Size Image
Shed over interpretive site.
Full Size Image
Shed over interpretive site.
Full Size Image
Golden's Changing Landscapes, Panel #1
Full Size Image
Golden's Changing Landscapes, Panel #2
Full Size Image
Castle Rock from Triceratops Trail
Full Size Image
Triceratops Track
Full Size Image
Bird track.
Full Size Image
Palm fronds.
Full Size Image
Welcome to Triceratops Trail.

   

Tuesday, 24 December 2019

 

Full Size ImageMuddy alley, 24 Dec 2019.  
 

Full Size ImageSofia signs Maja's wall.  
 

 
Full Size ImageChristmas Dinner, 2019
Full Size ImagePost-dinner electronics check.  

Wednesday, 25 December 2019

 

 
Full Size ImageOlives in Frankfurt.
Full Size ImageThe hazards of flying with grandpa.  

Friday, 27 December 2019

Frankfurt to Madrid

 
Full Size ImageIan and Nico at the pista.
Full Size ImageNico learned to ride a bike the day before we arrived.
Full Size ImageSofia at the pista, happy to be home.  

Saturday, 28 December 2019

 

 
Full Size ImageThe gardens.
Full Size ImageIn the gardens.
Full Size ImageIn the gardens.  

Monday, 30 December 2019

Visit to the Palace of the Countess of Lebrija
Full Size Image
A gate.
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The patio.
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Door to the dining hall.
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The private chapel.
  Chumley collections near Buffalo Creek
Monday, June 19, 199550
Wednesday, June 21, 199562
Wednesday, July 19, 199582
Wednesday, June 5, 199659
Saturday, August 10, 199683
  The following summary was written on March 1, 2020, but is attached to the 2019 Field Notes here because it refers specifically to 2019 collections.

 

   

Summary of Plant Collections 2019

This is a combined summary of my 2019 plant collections for each agency that granted a scientific collections permit.

 

Locations: Lippincott Property.  

City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks

The Lippincott parcel in northernmost Jefferson County is jointly owned by City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Parks, and Jefferson County Open Space. It was acquired in 2018 and is not yet open to the public.

Collections made in the Lippincott parcel were distributed to both agencies and to Denver Botanic Garden (KHD). In addition, Boulder OSMP issued a permit to cross the adjacent Lindsay/Jeffco parcel and to collect there.

There were 116 collections made in the Lippincott parcel that resulted in 95 vouchers distributed to the City of Boulder Herbarium (CIBO). I made three collections in the Lindsay/Jeffco parcel, all of which were in sight of the Lippincott fence.

 

Literature Cited:
- Ackerfield, Jennifer, 2015.
- Brunquist, E. H., 1966.
- SEINet, 2019+.
- Shaw, Robert B., 2008.
- Weber, William A., and Ronald C. Wittmann, 2012.

Other articles: Ford Street at bend in road

Locations: Apex Gulch. Dakota Ridge. Deadman Gulch. Heritage Dells. North Table Mountain. North Washington Open Space.  

City of Golden

On City of Golden parcels, I collected plants at Apex Gulch, Dakota Ridge, Deadman Gulch, Heritage Dells, North Table Mountain, and North Washington Open Space. I made forty collections that yielded 129 vouchers, the largest number being send to Denver Botanic Garden (KHD, 28 vouchers), Cal Poly State University (OBI, 18 vouchers), and Regis University (18 vouchers).

I made one interesting collection on Dakota Ridge, of Nuttallanthus texanus (Scheele) D. A. Sutton. [Syn: Linaria canadensis (L.) Dum.-Cours. var. texana (Scheele) Pennell] with common names of Blue Toadflax and Texas Toadflax. There is only one other collection from Golden. It was made more than 100 years ago by Francis W. Pennell, August 11, 1915, along the railroad tracks just west of Golden. In 2003 Loraine Yeatts collected the plant at White Ranch Open Space Park.

In connection with the Peabody Museum excavation of the Magic Mountain Archeological site in 1959-1960, E. H. Brunquist (1966) and others from the Denver Museum of Natural History surveyed the nearby area for plants. Their list numbers 185 species. This systematic collection serves as a benchmark. Re-collecting the area would provide some data about movement of plants into the area, or extirpation of plants. There are some taxonomic issues that require analysis beyond the scope of this report to resolve. Regardless, five taxa were found in 2019 that were not collected in 1959-1960. They are:

  • Centaurea diffusa Lam. White Knapweed. A Colorado Noxious Weed on List B.
  • Berteroa incana (L.) DC. Hoary Alyssum. A native of Eurasia.
  • Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Watercress. May or not be native, Colorado authors differ in their assessment.
  • Ligustrum vulgare L. Privet. An escapee from cultivation, native of Europe.
  • Potentilla recta L. Sulphur Cinquefoil. A Colorado Noxious Weed on List B, and common along the Front Range. Native of Eurasia.

There are not enough modern collections from the area to begin a list of possible extirpations.

Fourteen collections were made at North Washington Open space, adding ten taxa to the list of plants found there. The total number of taxa is now 126, of which 79 are native to Colorado, 44 are alien, and 3 are undetermined as to nativity. Revision of my document Botanical Resources of the North Washington Open Space, Golden, Colorado for 2019 collections is the next item on my list after this document.

The construction of the condominiums at 410-416 North Ford Street bled over into the North Washington Open Space. The soil was disturbed, construction debris was dumped, and construction equipment was stored on the city-owned parcel. At completion of construction the construction debris and equipment were removed. The disturbed area was covered with a jute mat, and the area seeded. Based upon actual collections, the primary species seeded was Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. California brome. Colorado flora authors disagree whether California brome is native to the state (Shaw, 2008, and Ackerfield, 2015) or whether it is an alien grass (Weber & Wittmann, 2012). Regardless, there are no historic or recent collections of this grass made in Golden (SEINet, 2019). The closest old collection is an early 20th century collection from Mount Morrison (Bethel & Clokey #3998, 3 Jun 1921). There were no collections of B. carinatus when the Magic Mountain area was extensively collected E. H. Brunquist in 1959-1960 (Brunquist, 1966), nor were there any collections from South Table Mountain when that mesa was collected by Loraine Yeatts in 1983-1984 (SEINet, 2019).

Therefore, I think it is fair to say that the planting of the grass as construction remediation represents introduction of an alien grass to Golden, if not to Colorado. In addition, the seed was contaminated by Triticum aestivum L. Wheat as several specimens of that taxon were collected with the California brome. None of this was necessary, as there are numerous native grasses already growing in the North Washington Open Space that are easy to obtain and grow from seed.

 

Locations: Colorado School of Mines Survey Field.  

Colorado School of Mines

I crossed the Survey Field numerous times on my way to or from City of Golden or Jefferson County Open space properties. As it turns out I made several collections in the southeast corner that plotting of GPS data showed to be on the adjacent City of Golden parcel. So, officially, I can only count five collections in the Survey Field, from which 17 specimens were prepared. They were distributed to California Department of Agriculture, Denver Botanic Garden, California Academy of Sciences, and University of Colorado Boulder.

 

Literature Cited:
- Baldwin, Bruce G., Douglas H. Goldman, David J. Keil, Robert Patterson, and Thomas J. Rosatti, 2012.
- SEINet, 2019+.

Locations: Lippincott Property. North Table Mountain Park. Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park. Tin Cup Ridge.  

Jefferson County Open Space

One hundred and seventy-five collections were made at four different properties: Lippincott parcel, North Table Mountain Park, Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space, and Tin Cup Ridge. These collections yielded 601 specimens that were distributed to Jefferson County Open Space (140 mounted vouchers), Denver Botanic Garden (KHD, 129 specimens), City of Boulder (CIBO, 96 specimens), etc.

At Lippincott one interesting collection was my #2150 of Hieracium albiflorum Hook. White-Flower Hawkweed. This taxon is known from Boulder County, but this appears to be the first collection from Jefferson County (SEINet, 2019). The collection was made in the southwest corner of the parcel in deep ponderosa pine woodland duff with a very sparse understory. Vouchers were distributed to JCOS, KHD and CIBO.

I also collected a small non-native forget-me-not, Myosotis sp., applying M. micrantha Pall. ex Lehm.because the inflorescence greatly exceeds the leaves and the plant is floriferous nearly to the base. Also, the hairs are hooked on the abaxial mid-rib of the leaves, a character only described for M. micrantha (Baldwin, et al., 2012). There are no other known collections from Colorado (SEINet, 1 March 2020). The voucher is at Denver Botanic Garden (KHD).

 

Locations: Little Scraggy Peak. Trout Creek Pass.  

Pike San Isabel National Forest

In 2019, I collected twice in the Buffalo Creek Recreation Area on the northeast slopes of Little Scraggy Peak. Nearby areas were extensively collected by Timothy W. Chumley in 1995 and 1996, with a total of 336 collections, all of which are at RM. I also made one short stop near Trout Creek Pass, for as long as my family could stand it. Neither of these are the most exciting places to collect. However, the 39 collections yielded 129 vouchers that were sent to Denver Botanic Garden (KHD, 32 specimens), California State Polytechnic University (OBI, 23 specimens) , University of California Riverside (UCR, 19 specimens), California Academy of Sciences (CAS, 13 specimens), etc. These will all be new specimens to those herbaria from this part of Jefferson County and valuable additions to their collections.

   

Plans for 2020

I generally plan to continue collecting in the same areas. For the City of Golden, the North Washington Open Space is well-collected, so my activities there will primarily consist of checking for things I might have missed. More trips should be directed toward other parcels, such as Kinney Run and perhaps Dakota Ridge in the north.

For Colorado School of Mines Survey Field, my list of collections is at 94 taxa. I estimate it should be around 200 taxa based on the landscape and the sizes of the two primary parcels, so there is some more work to be done there.

For Jefferson County Open Space, the Lippincott parcel still needs some work. This work would be combined with City of Boulder Open Space and Moutain Parks. At Ranson/Edwards there is one species of milkweed that has been seen and needs to be vouchered. It may be time branch out to some other areas as well.

In the Pike San Isabel National Forest, I plan to continue working over the Little Scraggy Peak area, expanding a little into surrounding areas. I would also like to return to the Leadville Tennessee Pass area, especially the West Tennessee Creek basin. I think there are still some interesting things to find there.

 
Permitting Agency State County Location Number of
Collections
Number of
Vouchers
Other CAS CDA CIBO COLO CS EIU JCOS KHD OBI REGIS UC UCR Zzyzx
Previous Years Collections 1909 4525 141 601 158 0 152 194 151 486 702 309 14 927 519 104
2019 Collections
 
City of Boulder OSMP                                
  Colorado Jefferson Lindsay/JEFFCO 3 12   1   3       2 3 2     1  
 
City of Golden
  Colorado Jefferson Apex Gulch 7 28   1 3   2 2   5 6 4 2   3  
  Colorado Jefferson Dakota Ridge 1 2         1       1          
  Colorado Jefferson Deadman Gulch 9 21         1 1 1   8 4 3 1 2  
  Colorado Jefferson Heritage Dells 1 6     1 1 1     1 1 1        
  Colorado Jefferson North Table Mountain 8 24   3 1     1 2 2 3 4 4 2 2  
  Colorado Jefferson North Washington Open Space 14 48   1 7   7 4 2 1 9 5 9 1 2  
  Subtotal for City of Golden 40 129 0 5 12 1 12 8 5 9 28 18 18 4 9  
 
Colorado School of Mines
  Colorado Jefferson Colorado School of Mines Survey Field 5 17   2 5   2       4 1 1 1 1  
 
Jefferson County Open Space
  Colorado Jefferson Lippincott Property 116 411 6 12 10 95 17 5 6 97 87 34 25 2 15  
  Colorado Jefferson North Table Mountain Park 8 26   2 1   2 1   6 6 3 3 1 1  
  Colorado Jefferson Ranson/Edwards Homestead Open Space Park 37 111 1 5 7 1 5 2 1 23 22 21 9 3 11  
  Colorado Jefferson Tin Cup Ridge 14 53   3 1   5 3 1 14 14 6 3   3  
  Subtotal for Jefferson County Open Space 175 601 7 22 19 96 29 11 8 140 129 64 40 6 30  
 
Pike-Isabel National Forest
  Colorado Chaffee Trout Creek Pass 7 26   5             7 6 3   5  
  Colorado Jefferson Little Scraggy Peak 32 103 3 8 3 1 12 3 3 2 25 17 7 4 14  
  Subtotal for Pike-San Isabel National Forest 39 129 3 13 3 1 12 3 3 2 32 23 10 4 19  
 
Total for 2019 Collections 262 888 10 43 39 101 55 22 16 153 196 108 69 15 60  
Grand Total for All Collections 2171 5413 151 644 197 101 207 216 167 639 898 417 83 942 579 104
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Date and time this article was prepared: 4/6/2020 10:21:18 AM