Eastern Mojave Vegetation Field Notes (Continued)  

Tom Schweich  

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2008 Tour de Swertia albomarginata
Mono Lake, August 2008
Literature Cited
 When I first read the field notes of Annie Alexander and Louise Kellogg, I was fascinated by the descriptions they wrote about the places they went and the plants and animals they found there. By publishing my field notes on the Internet I hope to follow a little bit in their tradition.



September, 2018



Full Size ImageGoodbye to Val, Sandy, and Leslie.  

Saturday, September 1st

Seattle, WA to Kelso, WA



Sunday, September 2nd

Kelso, WA to John Day, OR

Other articles: WA SR 504 at Hoffstadt Ck
Full Size ImageThe Forest Returns
Full Size ImageYou are on the edge of the blast zone.  

Hoffstadt Creek Bridge

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Hoffstadt Creek Bridge

Other articles: WA SR 504 along road. 35000
Full Size ImageToutle River Valley
Full Size ImageHummocky lahar deposits on floor of outle River valley.  

Mt. St. Helens Forest Learning Center

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The texture of hundreds of spruce trees all the same age.

Other articles: WA SR 504 at Johnson Ridge Obs.
Full Size ImageMount Saint Helens from the Johnson Ridge Observatory.  

Johnson Ridge Observatory


Other articles: US Hwy 26 near Gov't Camp
Full Size ImageFirst good view of Mount Hood along US Highway 26.  




Monday, September 3rd

John Day, OR to Idaho Falls, ID

Other articles: US Hwy 26 at Dayton
Full Size ImageJohn Day in the morning.  

Leaving John Day after breakfast at the Squeeze-In Restaurant.

Other articles: US Hwy 26 above John Day R.
Full Size ImageValley of John Day River  


Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 at Craters of the Moon

Locations: Craters of the Moon National Monument.
Full Size ImageOverlook of Craters of the Moon.  

Craters of the Moon National Monument

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Inferno Cone.
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Landscape of basalt volcanic field.

Other articles: U. S. Highway 20 in Arco

Locations: Arco.
Full Size ImageEntry into Arco.  

Drive through Arco.
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Number Hill in Arco.

Locations: Idaho Falls.
Full Size ImageAngel Moroni watches over the Snake River.
Full Size ImageThe falls at Idaho Falls  

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US at the falls.
Stayed at a Best Western on the Snake River.



Tuesday, September 4th

Idaho Falls, ID to Lander WY

Other articles: US Hwy 26 46600

Locations: Snake River.
Full Size ImageSnake River at Clark Hill Rest Area.  




Locations: Grand Teton National Park.
Full Size ImageGrand Teton National Park.  

Grand Teton National Park



Other articles: Teton Park Road at visitor center

Locations: Grand Teton.
Full Size ImageGrand Teton (peak)  

Craig Thomas Discovery and Visitor Center


Other articles: Teton Park Road at Glacier Gl T

Locations: Middle Teton.
Full Size ImageMiddle Teton, with basaltic dike.  

Glacier Gulch Turnout.

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Middle Teton, with basaltic dike.

Other articles: Teton Park Road at Mt Moran ST

Locations: Mount Moran.
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel for Mount Moran.  

Mount Moran Scenic Turnout

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Mount Moran
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Mount Moran

Mount Moran

Mount Moran reflects all the geologic forces shaping the Teton Range. Formed of a massive block of metamorphic gneiss; cut by dikes of igneous granite and diabase; capped by sedimentary sandstone; and flanked by glaciers, this formidible peak dominates the park's northern skyline.
The gneiss and granite are among the oldest rocks in North America, 2.7 and 2.5 billion years old respectively. These resistant rocks form the core of the Teton Range. The vertical “Black Dike” of 775 million year old diabse is about 150 feet wide and jut from the mountain's face because the surrounding gneiss has eroded away.
Five glaciers — Falling Ice, Skillet and Triple — flank Mount MOran. These glaciers formed during a cool period called the Little Ica Age that ended around 1850 AD. Over the past 40 years, the park's glaciers have shrunk by more than 20 percent due to our changing climate.
Tan sandstone caps the summit of this massive peak the remnant of a 510 million year-old beach that stretched for hundreds of miles north and south of here. Sandstone overlies the Black Dike and other ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Other articles: Signal Mountain Road at top of mtn at view point

Locations: Signal Mountain.
Full Size ImageUs on Signal Mountain.  

Signal Mountain

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View east from Signal Mountain

Other articles: US Hwy 26 at Oxbow Bend

Locations: Oxbow Bend.
Full Size ImageMount Moran behind The Oxbow  

The Oxbow


Other articles: US Hwy 26 55000

Locations: Togwotee Pass.
Full Size ImageA Chestwig of Corvettes on Togwotee Pass.  

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Breccia Peak and Cliffs from Togwotee Pass.

Other articles: WY 28 above Red Cyn Rim
Full Size ImageRed Canyon Rim south of Lander.  


Other articles: WY 28 at Lander Cut-Off
Full Size ImageLander Cut-Off on the Oregon Trail  

Lander Cut-Off in the Oregon Trail

Lander Cut-Off on the Oregon Trail

In 1858, this ancient path, which had been used by Indians, explorers and mountain men as a shortcut to the Snake River country was developed by Frederick Lander into an alternate route on the Oregon Trail. What is commonly called the Lander Trail or Lander Cut-off starts 9 miles to the southeast at Burnt Ranch (directly behind this sign), crosses the Sweetwater River 6 miles to the northwest, and continues along Lander Creek for 13 miles to the Continental Divide at Little Sandy Creek, the headwaters of the Pacific Ocean. From there it travels west across the Green River Valley, the Wyoming Range, and the Salt River Range before entering present-day Idaho. The Cut-Off rejoins the original Oregon Trail near Fort Hall.
This wagon road was favored by travelers for many reasons. The cut-off saved as much as 7 days travel compared to the old route through Fort Bridger, avoided the expensive ferries across the Green River to the south, and bypassed the 50-mile waterless desert of the Sublette Cut-Off. Its longest waterless section was only 10 miles, and it had access to abundant grass and firewood. The Lander Cut-Off was used by an estimated 13,000 emigrants its first year, with 9,000 of them signing a statement of support for the road at Fort Hall. While use dwindled after the completion of the trans-continental railroad in 1869, the trail was still used by emigrants into the 20th century and played a role in the settlement of the Upper Green River Valley.
Sublete County Museum Board

Other articles: WY 28 at South Pass

Locations: South Pass.
Full Size ImageSouth Pass.  

South Pass
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View south toward Oregon Buttes.

Literature Cited:
- Tyrrell, Pat, n. d..

Other articles: Emigrant Trail at South Pass Wyoming Transbasin Water Transfer 20110 20130

Locations: Summit of the Original South Pass.  

(Original) South Pass

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Marker at South Pass.
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Marker for Old Oregon Trail.
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The view west.
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The view east
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A ditch carries Sweetwater River water across the continental divide.
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South Pass
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Interpretive panel for South Pass.
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How water gets diverted from the Sweetwater River.
Photographed 4 September 2018.

South Pass

South Pass was discovered in 1812 by a small party of Astorians led by Robert Stuart as they traveled east with dispatches for John Jacob Astor. It was “rediscovered” in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter crossing through the Wind River Mountain Range. William Sublette led a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While the party did not take the wagons over the pass, they proved that wagon travel was possible.
Captain Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons over South Pass into the Green River Basin in 1832. But it wa Lt. John Charles Fremont who would be credited with widely publicizing the route over South Pass as a result of his expedition in 1842. Scattered references to the easy passage over the Rocky Mountains has appeared in newspapers for a decade, but Fremont ignited enthusiasm for South Pass by explaining that a traveler could go th[r]ough the pass without any “toilsome ascents.”
With the discovery of South Pass, the great western migration began. Thousands of Mormons, future Oregonians and Californians would use the trail in the following twenty years.
Donated by the Trans Sierra Alliance, E. Clampus Vitus

Other articles: Emigrant Trail at Oregon Buttes Rd

Locations: Oregon Buttes.
Full Size ImageInterpretive panel for Oregon Buttes  

Interpretive panel for Oregon Buttes

Oregon Buttes

To the south stand the Oregon Buttes, a major trail landmark. The name is significant because the Buttes were roughly the beginning of the Oregon Territory and also helped keep emigrants encouraged, even though there were still hundreds of miles of rough going ahead. Today, the Oregon Buttes are an Area of Critical Environmental Concern because of their cultural significance and important wildlife values.
About twelve miles to the soutwest of Oregon Buttes is the Tri-Territory site. This site is the location where the Oregon Territory, Mexican Territory, and Louisiana Purchase has a common boundary. The large landmark, just to the south of w[h]ere you are standing, is Pacific Butte. The great height and mass of the butte, combined with a ridge to the north paralleling the emigrant trails, helps to create a visual channel through which travelers migrated on their way through South Pass.



Other articles: US Highway 287 at 1st

Locations: Lander.
Full Size ImageThe former feed mill in Lander, now a bicycle shop.  

Wednesday, September 5th

Lander, WY to Golden, CO

Other articles: Alley at Cheyenne near Cheyenne Cheyenne Street in the alley
Full Size ImageMuddy mess in alley at construction site.
Full Size ImageMud in Cheyenne Street (and ultimately in Clear Creek).  

October 10, 2018.

Other articles: Alley near Cheyenne
Full Size ImageConstruction at 409 Cheyenne.  

October 16, 2018.

Other articles: Rose Street at 6th

Locations: Georgetown.
Full Size Image6th Street, the main street of Georgetown.  

Golden to Georgetown while our floors get refinished.

Other articles: Guanella Pass Road above Georgetown Guanella Pass

Locations: Georgetown.
Full Size ImageGeorgetown in the morning.  

Georgetown to Golden.
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Rose Street Bed and Breakfast in Georgetown.
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Four mountains at Guanella Pass: Gray Wolf Mountain, Mount Spalding, The Sawtooth, and Mount Bierstadt.

Other articles: Washington Avenue near N Rubey
Full Size ImageWashington Avenue near N. Rubey Drive.
Full Size ImageWashington Avenue near N. Rubey Drive.  

November 29, 2018

Other articles: Alley bet. Arapahoe & Cheyenne
Full Size ImageConditions in the alley, 30 Nov 2018.  

November 30, 2018.

Other articles: Washington Avenue at arch
Full Size ImageGolden welcolme arch at the Christmas 2018 parade.  

December 1, 2018. Golden Christmas Parade

Other articles: Alley 50170 near Ford 2nd Street at Washington Iowa Street near Ford St Washington Avenue near Iowa near Iowa near 1st near 1st near 2nd bet. 2nd & 5th
Full Size ImageWork underway north of 2nd Street.
Full Size ImageConstruction spills into 2nd Street from Washington Avenue.  

December 9, 2018. Neighborhood walk to check out the construction.
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Washington Avenue south from 1st Street.
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Washington Avenue north from 1st Street.
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Washington Avenue south from Iowa Street
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Washington Avenue north of Iowa Street
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Construction on Iowa Street
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Consturction on alley near Ford Street.
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Garages under construction on the alley.
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Washington Avenue closed below 2nd Street

Other articles: Social Trail (Arapahoe to N. Rubey) at N. Rubey Dr Social Trail (N. Wash. OS) near top Rubey Drive at path Tucker Gulch Trail at more Salix
Full Size ImageSalix sp., probably S. fragilis in Tucker Gulch.
Full Size ImageSocial trail and trampled area.  

December 13, 2018. Neighborhood walk.
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Beginning of building at 148 Washington Avenue.

Other articles: Hover Street at Hover Home CO Highway 119 at Niwot Rd

Locations: Longmont. Niwot.
Full Size ImageCheryl in front of the Hover Home after the quilt show.  

15 December 2018. Quilt show at the Hover Home.
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Longs Peak as seen from Niwot.
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Mountain wave cloud over Niwot.

Other articles: Alley 50170 Iowa Street near Ford St Washington Avenue near Iowa near 2nd at 2nd
Full Size ImageWashington Avenue almost finished above 2nd Street.
Full Size ImageConstruction continues in the alley.  

December 22, 2018. Walk around the neighborhood, progress on Washington Avenue Complete Street project.
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Thirty-five feet high.
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Thirty-five feet high., towers over the little house at right.
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Upper Washing Avenue almost complete.

Other articles: Rubey Drive at path Washington Avenue near N Rubey
Full Size ImageConstruction at 148 Washington
Full Size ImageWashington Avenue above Rubey Drive  

December 23, 2018.

Other articles: Arapahoe Street near 4th
Full Size ImageAnother aboandoned car on Arapahoe Street.  

December 29, 2018, another abandoned car.
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Date and time this article was prepared: 5/3/2020 11:55:44 AM